Public School 9 (historic building)
Public School 9
|Location||466 West End Avenue
Manhattan, New York City
|Architect||C. B. J. Snyder|
|NRHP Reference #||87001258 |
|Added to NRHP||August 3, 1987|
|Designated NYCL||July 14, 2009|
Public School 9, originally known as Grammar School 9, then later the John Jasper School and currently the Mickey Mantle School, is a historic school building at 466 West End Avenue at West 82nd Street in the Upper West Side neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. It was built in 1894-96, and was designed by C. B. J. Snyder, the Superintendent of School Buildings.
The building was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1987, and was designated a New York City landmark in 2009. It is located in the Riverside-West End Historic District Extension I.
The school that became P.S. 9 was originally organized by the vestry of Saint Michael's Church (Episcopal) in the early 19th century. The vestry continued to operate the school in the Bloomingdale area until a law was enacted November 19, 1824 which barred church schools from receiving public school funding. On May 22, 1826, the Public School Society of New York acquired it; and, in July 1827, the Society paid $250 for a 100x100 foot tract at 82nd Street between 10th (Amsterdam) and 11th (West End) Avenues. On July 19, 1830, the Society completed the construction of a one-story clapboard school at 466 West End Avenue for $1,500, accommodating about 50 children. The Society transferred jurisdiction of the school to the Board of Education in July 1853.
There was no visible plaster in the entire building. The wooden staircases and wood-lined stairways were only 29 inches wide. Large stoves and stovepipes beneath the stairs and elsewhere, used for warming the building, were dangerously close to the woodwork. The so-called passages were 30 inches wide. The building was devoid of any means of escape from the rear and devoid of a fire escape. Means of egress from the front was insufficient.
The next year (1890), the Board of Education demolished the building. From 1894-96, the Board erected a modern school building on the same site equipped with electricity and ventilation, and designed by C. B. J. Snyder. Designed to blend with the neighborhood, the ecclesiastical English gothic structure was a style prevalent in schools built by Trinity Church.
On January 26, 1916, during a graduation ceremony, P.S. 9 was named after the late John Jasper. Jasper was an educator who had served at P.S. 9 as a teacher in 1857 and as its principal from 1867 to 1897. He went on to become Assistant Superintendent of Schools then, in 1898, Borough Associate Superintendent of Schools for Manhattan and the Bronx.
In 1961, David H. Moskowitz, the Deputy Superintendent for Research and Evaluation for New York City Schools, reported a high transient rate at several elementary schools, including P.S. 9, which ranged from 90 to 99% during the 1959–1960 school year.
The former P.S. 9 building is now the home of the Mickey Mantle School P.S. 811M, serving children with disabilities.
- List of New York City Landmarks
- National Register of Historic Places listings in New York County, New York
-  (dead link — 8 June 2013)
- Klose, Olivia, et al. "Grammar School No. 9 Designation Report" New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (July 14, 2009) OCLC 476887974
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "466 West End Avenue" on the New York City Geographic Information System map
- In New York City, the Free School Society was chartered in 1805 and changed its name in 1826 to the Public School Society of New York. It was a private corporation that (i) managed schools for immigrants and the poor and (ii) distributed city funding to those schools. It remained private until it was, in effect, disestablished in 1842 and supplanted by an elected Board of Education.
- Bourne, William Oland, A.M., History of the Public School Society of the City of New York, George P. Putnam's Sons, 1873
- "Much Needed Changes Ordered in Public Schoolhouse No. 9" The New York Times (March 8, 1889)
- "Education Notes," The New York Times (January 26, 1916)
- "Pupils' Turnover Found Here" The New York Times (May 25, 1961)
- The Mickey Mantle School PS 811
- Upper West Side Story: A History and Guide, by Peter Salwen, Abbeville Press, pg. 217 OCLC 18815559
- Who is Dick Morris?, Jacob Weisberg, New York, August 7, 1995, pg. 35, col. 1
- Media related to Public School 9 at Wikimedia Commons