Ninth Avenue (Manhattan)

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Ninth Avenue
9th-food.jpg
Ninth Avenue in Hell's Kitchen
Other name(s) Columbus Avenue (59th–110th Streets)
Morningside Drive (north of 110th Street)
Owner City of New York
Maintained by NYCDOT
Length 5.7 mi[1] (9.2 km)
Location Manhattan, New York City
South end Greenwich Street
North end Broadway above West 220th Street in Inwood, Manhattan
East Eighth Avenue (below 59th Street)
Central Park West (59th–110th Streets)
West Tenth Avenue (below 59th Street)
Amsterdam Avenue (above 59th Street)
Construction
Commissioned March 1811

Ninth Avenue, known as Columbus Avenue between West 59th and 110th Streets, is a southbound thoroughfare on the West Side of Manhattan in New York City. Traffic runs downtown (southbound) along the full stretch from Chelsea to the Upper West Side, except for the initial 3 blocks (from Gansevoort Street to 14th Street) where traffic runs northbound carrying traffic from Greenwich Street.

Description[edit]

Ninth Avenue originates just south of West 14th Street at Gansevoort Street in the West Village, and extends uptown for 48 blocks until its intersection with West 59th Street, where it becomes Columbus Avenue – named after Christopher Columbus. It continues without interruption through the Upper West Side to West 110th Street, where its name changes again, to Morningside Drive, and runs north through Morningside Heights to West 122nd Street.

A one-block stretch of Ninth Avenue between 15th and 16th Streets is also signed as "Oreo Way".[2] The first Oreo cookies were manufactured in 1912 at the former Nabisco headquarters on that block.[2]

The portion of the avenue between 14th and 31st Streets was remodeled in 2008 with a bicycle lane between the eastern curb and the parking lane, followed by another portion between 96th and 77th Streets in 2011.[3]

Above the Lincoln Square neighborhood – where ABC television network houses its corporate headquarters in a group of rehabilitated and modern buildings – Columbus Avenue passes through the Central Park West Historic District, stretching from 67th/68th Streets to 89th Street. There, the avenue presents a unified streetscape of 5- to 7-story tenement buildings of brick and brownstone with discreet Romanesque and Italianate details, employing cast terracotta details and panels and courses of angle-laid brickwork. Many ornate tin cornices remain. The buildings are separated in mid-block by the narrowest of access alleys, giving glimpses of Ailanthus foliage in the side-street yards. The repeated designs of three or four commercial speculative builders, using the same features and detailing, add to the avenue's architectural unity. There are several generously scaled pre-World War I apartment buildings and the former Endicott Hotel, as well as a small commercial block from the office of McKim, Mead, and White at 72nd Street.

Between 77th and 81st Streets, Columbus Avenue borders the American Museum of Natural History and Theodore Roosevelt Park.[4]

Ninth Avenue reappears in the Inwood neighborhood as a short two-way street in two segments interrupted by the New York City Subway's 207th Street Yard. It runs from West 201st Street to West 208th Street, dead-ending at Inwood North Cove Park at the Harlem River,[5] then picks up again at West 215th Street, and terminates at Broadway between West 220th Street and the Broadway Bridge, at the location where West 221st Street would normally be.[6] The addresses along this upper stretch from 201st Street to Broadway are continuous with the lower portion of Ninth Avenue.

History[edit]

The Ninth Avenue Elevated was a passenger train that ran above Ninth Avenue beginning in the nineteenth century. The lease for the line was assumed by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) on April 1, 1903.[7] The line ran until it was closed and dismantled in 1940 following the purchase of the IRT by the City of New York, as it was made redundant by the city's Eighth Avenue subway line.

Ninth Avenue and Columbus Avenue were converted to carry one-way traffic southbound in two stages. South of its intersection with Broadway the avenue was converted on November 6, 1948.[8][9] The rest to 110th Street was converted on December 6, 1951.[10]

Former president Bill Clinton initiated a project to revitalize the 9th Avenue corridor centered on the Hell's Kitchen area.[11] Several street fairs are held every year, including the Ninth Avenue Food Festival[12] in May.

Points of interest[edit]

Gallery[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Google (December 1, 2015). "Ninth Avenue / Columbus Avenuet " (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 1, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Hinkley, David (2012-05-20). "Celebrating the life of 'Mr. Oreo'". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  3. ^ Olea, Rebecca. "Columbus Ave. bike path gets two thumbs up" Crain's New York Business (October 12, 2011)
  4. ^ "Theodore Roosevelt Park". www.nycgovparks.org. Retrieved May 11, 2016. 
  5. ^ Google Maps
  6. ^ Googlr Maps
  7. ^ Feinman, Mark S. "Continuing the Story of the 9th Avenue El". Retrieved 2009-08-04. On April 1, 1903, the entire Manhattan Elevated system was leased to the IRT Company for 999 years. Subway system construction was planned to connect with the Els at various points. By June 25, 1903, the last steam-powered elevated train was operated in passenger service on the 9th Ave El. 
  8. ^ Ingraham, Joseph (7 November 1948). "Traffic Speeded on 9th, 10th Aves. By One-way Plan". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "Ninth and Tenth Avenues Are One Way Permanently". The New York Times. 14 May 1949. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  10. ^ "Two More Avenues One-way Thursday". The New York Times. 4 December 1951. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  11. ^ 9thavenuerenaissance.com
  12. ^ Ninth Avenue International Food Festival

External links[edit]