List of shipwrecks in 1909
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List of shipwrecks in 1909 includes sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1909.
|Anglo-African||United Kingdom||The 4,186 GRT steamer on a passage from Tocopilla for Baltimore with a cargo of 7,000 tons of nitrates ran aground around 21:30 in thick weather 5 miles south of Cape Henry. Attempts were made to move the vessel, and salvage tugs were employed but unsuccessfully. On 8 January the ship developed a heavy list to port and was abandoned.|
|Glendale||United Kingdom||The 1,000 GRT steamer on a passage from Bo'ness for Hamburg with a cargo of 1,200 tons of coal ran aground shortly after 03:00 in thick weather 2.5 miles north of Helgoland. Attempts were made to move the vessel, but rising water forced the crew to abandon the ship by about noon. The master visited the ship two days later and found her completely wrecked.|
|Wangard||Germany||The 4,222 GRT steamer on a passage from Tacoma to Europe with cargo of cereals ran aground at Punta Mogotes and was subsequently abandoned.|
|Sibyl Marston||United States||schooner was wrecked during a storm near Surf Beach, California, with the loss of two lives.|
|Fidra||United Kingdom||The 1,218 GRT steamer on a passage from Burntisland for Rendsburg with a cargo of coal ran aground at Jungnamensand, Amrum and subsequently broke up with the loss of her entire crew.|
|Adato||United Kingdom||The 3,347 GRT steamer on a passage from Seattle for Hong Kong with a cargo consisting of 2,400 bales of cotton, 3,500 packages of general cargo, and 99,000 bags of flour went ashore on Oshima after leaving Yokohama for Kobe and subsequently sunk.|
|Bengar||United Kingdom||The 2,531 GRT steamer on a passage from Huelva for Garston with a cargo of 3,300 tons of ore ran ashore on a bank outside the entrance to Garston Old Dock. Attempts to tow the ship off failed and about 02:00 on 21 January the vessel broke down abaft the engine-room with both ends filling with water.|
|RMS Republic||United Kingdom||ocean liner collided in fog with the ocean liner Florida ( Italy) off Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing six people (three passengers and three crew). Republic sank on 24 January. Over 1,500 rescued.|
|Alnmere||United Kingdom||The 3,252 GRT steamer on a passage from Baltimore to Vera Cruz with a cargo of 4,450 tons of coal and coke ran aground on the reefs off the western end of Pensacola Cay, Little Abaco, Bahamas around 23:20 while travelling at about 8 knots (15 km/h). The crew tried to save the ship but the storms that developed soon after forced them to abandon the vessel on 1 February as she began breaking up.|
|SS Mjølner||Norway||The 1,687 GRT cargo ship while on a passage from North Shields to Naples with a cargo of coal and coke struck a rock and went aground off Burhou, Alderney Channel Islands at around 02:00 and was subsequently wrecked.|
|Clan Ranald||United Kingdom||The 3,596 GRT steamer on a passage from Adelaide for South Africa via Albany with a cargo of wheat and flour while passing by Troubridge suddenly developed a list to starboard at about 14:00. In rough seas many of the ship's lifeboats were destroyed and at about 22:00 the ship foundered and sank in approximately 700 feet (210 m) of water. Out of crew of 64, only the first officer, 3 whites and 20 Lascars were saved.|
|Pendeen||United Kingdom||The fishing vessel was lost in a gale. A search by the St Ives Lifeboat found no wreckage.|
|Lobito||Portugal||The passenger-cargo ship sank at Ilha do Maio in the Cape Verde Islands while on passage from São Vicente for Cape Verde.|
|Penguin||New Zealand||The inter-island steam ferry struck Toms Rock in the Cook Strait and sank off New Zealand's Cape Terawhiti near the entrance to Wellington Harbour with the loss of 85 passengers and crew. Thirty survivors.|
|Australia||Belgium||The steamer collided with a sailing ship and sank in the Mediterranean Sea off Alborán Island.|
|Forest Castle||United Kingdom||The 2,788 GRT steamer on a passage from Bilbao to Rotterdam with a cargo of 4,600 tons of iron ore struck the La Vandrée rock in heavy weather around 15:30 and sank. Seven of her 24-men crew, including the ship's master, three engineers, and second officer, and 2 stowaways drowned in the incident.|
|Lady Mildred||Australia||The 2,180 GRT steamer on a passage from Newcastle to Melbourne with a cargo of coal ran ashore a few minutes after midnight in hazy weather on the eastern side of Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse. The vessel could not be salvaged and was abandoned.|
|Renown||United Kingdom||The East coast drifter went aground at Penzance railway station, Cornwall, UK after missing the harbour mouth in a fresh breeze and rough seas. The lifeboat Cape of Good Hope ( Royal National Lifeboat Institution) passed a wire rope from the drifter to the Albert pier where hundreds of people hauled the ship off, and she was escorted into harbour. 3 February according to Carter.|
|Hathor||United Kingdom||The 2,828 GRT cargo ship departed Rio de Janeiro for Santos on March 20 and ran ashore next day at Boi Point, near San Sebastian and became stranded and soon abandoned.|
|Ilorin||United Kingdom||The 946 GRT Elder Dempster cargo ship ran aground and sank on the bar at Forçados River, Nigeria while attempting to assist Andoni.|
|HMS Blackwater||Royal Navy||The destroyer sank in the English Channel off Dungeness, England, at position after colliding with the merchant ship SS Hero.|
|Mahratta||United Kingdom||Goodwin Sands in the English Channel off Kent, England, and broke in half two days later. One crew member committed suicide.|
|Dagenham||United Kingdom||A British cargo steamer of 1,466 GRT built in 1907 by John Crown & Sons for Furness, Withy & Co. On 18 April 1909, when north-west Grunes, Cobo Bay, Guernsey Channel islands, she ran aground and was wrecked while on a voyage from the Tyne to Saint-Malo with a cargo of coal.|
|Eber Ward||United States||The steam cargo ship struck ice and sank in the Straits of Mackinac west of Mackinaw City, Michigan, with the loss of five of her 14 crew members.|
|Foca||Italian Royal Navy||The submarine was scuttled in the harbor at Naples, Italy, to extinguish a fuel fire that resulted from an internal gasoline explosion. She was refloated, repaired, and returned to service.|
|Palomares||Belgium||Abandoned in the Gulf of Finland. Later salvaged, repaired and sold.|
|Narara||Australia||The cargo steamer sprang a leak and sank in the Narrabeen Bight off Sydney, Australia, with no loss of life.|
|Loango||flag unknown||The schooner was wrecked near St Ives, Cornwall, United Kingdom Four crew rescued|
|RMS Slavonia||United Kingdom||The passenger ship ran aground at Punda dos Fenais, Flores, Azores, Portugal and was wrecked. All passengers were rescued by Prinzess Irene and Batavia (both Germany).|
|Louise||Belgium||foundered 28 nautical miles (52 km) off Ventimiglia, Italy.|
|Lord Londonderry||United Kingdom||The cargo ship, which had caught fire the day before, was abandoned 30 nautical miles (56 km) off Sines, Portugal. Her crew survived. She was on a voyage from Huelva, Spain to Savannah, Georgia, United States.|
|John B. Cowle||United States||The 420-foot (130 m), 4,731 GRT Cowle was laden with 7,023 tons of iron ore loaded at Two Harbors, Minnesota and bound for Cleveland, Ohio, when she was rammed in dense fog by Isaac M. Scott. Cowle sank in three minutes, taking 14 of her 24-man crew with her.|
|HMS C11||Royal Navy||The C-class submarine sank in collision with the collier Eddystone ( United Kingdom) in the North Sea off Cromer, Norfolk, England. Three survivors|
|Waratah||United Kingdom||The Blue Anchor Line ocean liner was due to reach Cape Town on 29 July. No trace was ever found and over 750 passengers and crew lost. Last sighted by Guelph ( United Kingdom) on 27 July.|
|Langton Grange||United Kingdom||The 5,852 GRT refrigerated cargo steamer on a passage from Glasgow to Newport in ballast struck submerged Bell Rock, just off North Bishop Island, and got stranded. The ship subsequently broke amidships and sank.|
|Lucania||United Kingdom||The ocean liner caught fire at Huskisson Dock at Liverpool, England. She sank at her moorings and later was sold for scrap.|
|Maori||United Kingdom||Cape Peninsula neat Llandudno, Cape Town, South Africa, with 32 crew killed.|
|USS Nezinscot||United States Navy||The tug capsized and sank in the Atlantic Ocean off Cape Ann, Massachusetts.|
|Adolphe||United Kingdom||The ketch was wrecked in the Teifi Estuary.|
|Eduard Bohlen||Germany||German South-West Africa's Skeleton Coast in a heavy fog.|
|Sarah Ann||United Kingdom||The ship was wrecked at Porthgain, Pembrokeshire.|
|Uyak||United States||During a voyage along the coast of Kodiak Island from Uyak Bay to Karluk with two people but no cargo aboard, the 22-ton, 55-foot (17 m) steamer was wrecked on what was reported as "Walcott Rock" – probably a reference to Walcott Reef – with no loss of life.|
|Francesco Morosini||Regia Marina||The decommissioned Ruggiero di Lauria-class ironclad battleship was sunk as a torpedo target at La Spezia, Italy.|
|Ocean Queen||Norway||3,188 GRT cargo steamer grounded on a reef off the coast of Makatea while on her maiden journey, and subsequently sunk in 200 fathoms (1,200 ft; 370 m) of water.|
|USS Katahdin||United States Navy||The decommissioned harbor defense ram was sunk as a gunnery target at Rappahannock Spit, Virginia.|
|Sangstad||Norway||3,005 GRT steamer on a passage from Luleå to Middlesbrough with a cargo of iron ore ran aground on Gerdasgrund in Norra Kvarken and subsequently sank.|
|HMS Lee||Royal Navy||The destroyer was wrecked off Blacksod Bay on the west coast of Ireland.|
|Quatrino||United States||The barge was wrecked between Green Island and Grey Island.|
|Anne Marie||France||Barge based Erquy (region of Brittany, France). Carrying cobblestone from its home port to Saint Malo (same area), was wrecked on the Minquiers Channel Islands tray.|
|Winthrop||United States||Carrying a cargo of 20 tons of general merchandise and a crew of two on a voyage from St. Michael, Territory of Alaska, to Nelson Island, the 14-gross register ton, 36.9-foot (11.2 m) gasoline-powered vessel was wrecked without loss of life off Nunivak Island during a storm in the Bering Sea.|
|Alligator||United States||The paddle steamer burned and sank on Lake Crescent in Florida without loss of life.|
|La Seyne||France||The 2,379 GRT French Messageries Maritimes liner out of Batavia, collided with the 5,247 GRT steamship Onda ( United Kingdom), departing Singapore in the Rhio Strait, near Pulo Sau Light near Singapore at 04:35. La Seyne sank in under two minutes with 61 of the crew and passengers saved by Onda with some 97 lost. Many of the lost were lost to shark attack. There was no loss of life aboard Onda but that ship had heavy bow damage.|
|Alf||Norway||The barque ran aground on Haisborough Sands and was wrecked. Of 15 crew, 4 died; others rescued by Chanticleer and the Cromer lifeboat Louisa Heartwell ( Royal National Lifeboat Institution).|
|Lancelot||United Kingdom||The spritsail barge was driven ashore in West Bay, Dorset.|
|Levernbank||United Kingdom||The barque was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean 300 nautical miles (560 km) west of the Isles of Scilly. She was on a voyage from Bilbao, Spain to Cardiff, Glamorgan.|
|Ottawa||United States||The tug caught fire, burned to the waterline, and sank in Lake Superior off Russell, Wisconsin, after rescuing another vessel.|
|Whitewood||United Kingdom||The screw collier left Hull on 2 December 1909 bound for Bremen. Not heard of after this date.|
|Ellan Vannin||Isle of Man||The paddle steamer sank in Liverpool Bay in a Force 11 gale. All 36 passengers and crew killed.|
|Marquette & Bessemer No. 2||United States||The train ferry sank in Lake Erie in a storm with the loss of all hands, variously reported as between 30 and 38 lives.|
|Governor Ames||United States||The five-masted schooner was wrecked in a gale 4 nautical miles (7.4 km) off Cape Hatteras on the North Carolina coast. Thirteen of the fourteen aboard perished, including the master, Captain King, and his wife. The sole survivor was Joseph Speering of New York.|
|Ada K. Damon||United States||Crane Beach in Ipswich, Massachusetts, after her anchor chain broke during a snowstorm, setting her adrift. Her five crew members survived.|
|America||United States||The passenger and package delivery steamer ran aground in the Great Lakes. She was refloated, repaired, and returned to service.|
|Congress||United Kingdom||The steamer was swamped by a wave off St. Ives, Cornwall. Three people swept overboard were rescued.|
|USS Nicholson||United States Navy||The decommissioned torpedo boat was sunk as a target.|
|USS O'Brien||United States Navy||The decommissioned torpedo boat was sunk as a target.|
- "SS Anglo-African". Retrieved 8 February 2018.
- "SS Glendale". Retrieved 10 February 2018.
- "Wrecks, Casualties, Etc". London Standard. 12 January 1909. p. 3.
- "Wrecks, Casualties, Etc". London Standard. 14 January 1909. p. 3.
- "Wrecks, Casualties, Etc". London Standard. 18 January 1909. p. 3.
- "Wrecks, Casualties, Etc". London Standard. 20 January 1909. p. 3.
- "Wrecks, Casualties, Etc". London Standard. 21 January 1909. p. 3.
- "Wrecks, Casualties, Etc". London Standard. 25 January 1909. p. 3.
- "Wrecks, Casualties, Etc". London Standard. 22 January 1909. p. 3.
- "SS Alnmere". Retrieved 10 February 2018.
- "Marine Notes". London Standard. 27 January 1909. p. 3.
- "Wrecks, Casualties, Etc". London Standard. 2 February 1909. p. 3.
- "SS Clan Ranald Wreck". Retrieved 8 February 2018.
- "1893–1920". St. Ives Trust. Retrieved 16 March 2008.
- "Belgian Merchant A-G" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 1 October 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "SS Forest Castle". Retrieved 10 February 2018.
- "SS Lady Mildred". Retrieved 10 February 2018.
- Larn, R; Larn, B (1991). Shipwrecks around Mounts Bay. Penryn: Tor Mark Press.[page needed]
- Carter, C (1998). The Port of Penzance. Lydney: Black Dwarf Publications. ISBN 0-9533028-0-6.[page needed]
- "Marine Insurance". London Standard. 26 March 1909. p. 3.
- Lettens, Jan; Allen, Tony (30 December 2010). "SS Andoni (+1917)".
- "Wrecks: HMS Blackwater". UK Diving. Retrieved 30 July 2016.
- "SS Dagenham [+1909]". wrecksite.eu.
- "Wreck Report for 'Dagenham', 1909".
- Gray, Randal, ed., Conway′s All the World′s Fighting Ships 1906-1921, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1985, ISBN 0-87021-907-3, p. 276.
- "Belgian Merchant P-Z" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 1 December 2010.[permanent dead link]
- Noall, C (c. 1969). Cornish Shipwrecks Illustrated. Truro: Tor Mark Press. p. 27.
- "Belgian Merchant H-O" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 31 October 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "Lord Londonderry". The Yard. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
- "Nezinscot". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- "CARDIGAN & DISTRICT SHIPWRECKS AND LIFEBOAT SERVICE". Glen Johnson. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (U)
- "British Merchant". The Yard. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- "Anne Marie (+1909)". wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 27 Aug 2015.
- alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (W)
- British Board of Trade (29 November 1909). "(No. 7316.) ONDA (S.S.) and LA SEYNE (S.S.)" (PDF). Board of Trade. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
- Healy, Joseph B. (2017). Unspeakable horror : the deadliest shark attacks in maritime history. New York, NY: Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 9781510719354. LCCN 2017027925. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
- "The Collision Between the SS Onda and La Seyne". International Marine Engineering & Naval Architect. Marine Engineering, Inc., New York—London. 32 (May): 386–387. 1910. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
- "Historical List of Shipwrecks at Chesil Beach & from Bridport to Lyme Regis". Burton Bradstock Online. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- "LEVERNBANK". Clydesite. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- Congressional Serial Set. United States Government Printing Office. 1910. p. 404.
- "Christmas on The Atlantic". Seamen's Journal: A Journal of Seamen, by Seamen, for Seamen. 23 (16): 3. 5 January 1910. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- "STORM VICTIMS ADDED TO LIST ANOTHER WRECK REPORTED OFF BOSTON SHOALS". Los Angeles Herald. 29 December 1909. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- Chesneau, Roger, and Eugene M. Kolesnik, eds., Conway′s All the World′s Fighting Ships 1860-1905, New York: Mayflower Books, 1979, ISBN 0-8317-0302-4, p. 162.
|Ship events in 1909|