After achieving three consecutive promotions from 2008 to 2010, the club went from playing in Croatia's fourth tier to playing in the Croatian First League, Croatia's top division.
In the team's first season in the top flight in the 2010–11 season, they achieved a very respectable third spot. Because of its finish that season, they qualified to play for Europe for the first time in the club's existence and entered into the 2011–12 UEFA Europa League second qualifying round where they met Slovenian side Domžale. They won 5–2 on aggregate and in the third qualifying round they were drawn against Premier League side Fulham, whom they lost to 2–0 on aggregate.
Founded as HRŠD "Anarch", the club's first colors were black (the color of Anarchists). HRŠD stood for Hrvatsko radničko športsko društvo (Croatian Workingmen's Sports Society). In 1933, as influence of "red" (organized labour, Social democrat and Communist) youth grew stronger, the club changed its colors to all red and its name to Radnički nogometni klub Split (Workingmen's Football Club Split). During SFR Yugoslavia RNK Split played in the top football division four times, but did not win a Championship or Cup title. The biggest success in the Yugoslav Cup was in the season of 1960–61, when they lost in the semi-finals against the Macedonian team Vardar in the game on Vardar's home stadium.