HNK Rijeka

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Rijeka
Club crest
Full name Hrvatski Nogometni Klub Rijeka
Nickname(s) Riječki bijeli (Rijeka's Whites)
Founded 29 July 1946; 69 years ago (1946-07-29) as NK Kvarner
Ground Stadion Rujevica
Ground Capacity 6,036
Owner Gabriele Volpi, via Stichting Social Sport Foundation (70%)
City of Rijeka (30%)
Chairman Damir Mišković
Manager Matjaž Kek
League Prva HNL
2015–16 Prva HNL, 2nd
Website Club home page
Current season

Hrvatski Nogometni Klub Rijeka (English: Croatian Football Club Rijeka), commonly referred to as HNK Rijeka or simply Rijeka, is a Croatian football club, from the coastal city of Rijeka. During the reconstruction of Stadion Kantrida, their traditional home ground, Rijeka play their home matches at Stadion Rujevica. Rijeka's traditional home colours are all white.

The club was founded on 29 July 1946 as NK Kvarner, and changed its name to NK Rijeka on 3 June 1954.[1] Since its foundation, the club has won two Yugoslav Cup titles, three Croatian Football Cups, one Croatian Football Super Cup and the 1978 Balkans Cup. The club competes in Croatia's top division, Prva HNL, of which it has been a member since its foundation in 1992.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The club was founded as NK Kvarner in 1946, after Rijeka (known by its Italian name Fiume until 1945) was ceded from Italy to Yugoslavia following the end of World War II. Some dispute this and claim that the club's roots date back to 1926, the founding of U.S. Fiumana, which competed at various levels of the Italian Football Championship, including a season in the top tier competition (Divisione Nazionale) in 1928. Their claim is based on evidence that demonstrates a clear continuity between the two clubs. For example, besides using the same grounds (Stadion Kantrida), as many as eight U.S. Fiumana players later played for NK Kvarner.[2]

1946–1991[edit]

During the early period in Yugoslavia, Kvarner had moderate success in various Yugoslav and local club championships. They were relegated at the end of their inaugural season in the Yugoslav First League in 1946–47. Kvarner changed their name to NK Rijeka on 3 June 1954 and returned to the Yugoslav First League in 1958.[1] Rijeka remained in the top tier for eleven consecutive seasons, until 1969, when they were once again relegated to the Yugoslav Second League.[1] Despite finishing on top in four (out of five) seasons in the second tier, due to three failed qualifying attempts, the club only gained promotion back to the top tier in 1974. With varying success, Rijeka remained in top tier until the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991.[1] The club's greatest success during this period involved back-to-back Yugoslav Cup titles in 1978 and 1979. Rijeka were also a Cup runner-up in 1987, when they lost the final after a penalty shoot-out.[3] In the Yugoslav First League, Rijeka never finished above the fourth place. In 1984, the club came closest to their first championship title, finishing only two points behind Red Star. Rijeka were also the best placed Croatian club in the Yugoslav First League in 1965, 1984 and 1987.[4]

Rijeka in the HNL[edit]

Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, in 1992, Rijeka joined the Croatian First League in its inaugural season. Rijeka remain one of only four clubs that have never been relegated. In terms of its greatest successes in this period, the club won three Croatian Cups, including back-to-back titles in 2005 and 2006, and in 2014. Rijeka also finished as runner-up in 1994.[5] In the Prva HNL, the club finished as runner-up on five occasions, in 1999, 2006, 2014, 2015 and 2016.[4] In the final round of the 1998–99 season, a refereeing error denied Rijeka their first championship title. With one match to go, Rijeka were one point ahead of Croatia Zagreb, needing a home win against Osijek to secure the title. With the match tied at 1–1, in the 89th minute, Rijeka forward Admir Hasančić converted a cross by Barnabás Sztipánovics. The packed Kantrida erupted in celebration. However, to their dismay, moments later, assistant referee Krečak raised his flag and referee Šupraha disallowed Rijeka's winning goal for alleged offside.[6] Following an investigation, 3D analysis revealed that Hasančić was not in an offside position (clear by 12 centimeters) and that Rijeka were wrongfully denied their first championship title.[7][8] An investigation by Nacional revealed that Franjo Tuđman, the President of the Republic of Croatia and an avid Croatia Zagreb supporter, earlier in 1999 ordered the country's intelligence agencies to spy on football referees, officials and journalists, with the aim of ensuring that the Zagreb club wins the league title.[9]

European record[edit]

Rijeka participated in UEFA competitions on 15 occasions. The greatest success was the quarter-final of the 1979–80 European Cup Winners' Cup, where they lost to Italian giants Juventus 2–0 on aggregate.[10] The most memorable result in Europe was the home win (3–1) against the eventual winners Real Madrid in the 1984–85 UEFA Cup.[11] Controversially, in the return leg at Santiago Bernabéu, which Rijeka lost 3–0, three of their players were sent off and the Belgian referee Roger Schoeters ensured that the eventual competition winner progressed to the next round. Madrid scored their first goal from a doubtful penalty in the 67th minute with Rijeka already down to ten men. Over the next ten minutes, two additional Rijeka players were sent off, most notably Damir Desnica. While Desnica received the first yellow card because he did not stop play after Schoeters blew his whistle; the second ensued because he, allegedly, insulted the referee. However, unbeknownst to the referee, Desnica had been a deaf-mute since birth.[4] With Rijeka reduced to eight players, Madrid scored two additional goals, progressed to the next round and eventually won the trophy. In 2013, by winning 4–3 on aggregate against Stuttgart from Germany, Rijeka qualified for the Group Stages of the 2013–14 UEFA Europa League.[12][13] Rijeka also participated in the Group Stages of the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League, where they defeated Feyenoord and Standard Liège, and drew with title-holders and eventual winners Sevilla.[14][15][16]

Private ownership[edit]

In February 2012, Gabriele Volpi, an Italian businessman, the founder of Orlean Invest, and also the owner of Spezia Calcio and Pro Recco, injected much needed capital into the club. With the privatization process complete by September 2013, Volpi, through Dutch-based Stichting Social Sport Foundation, became the owner of 70 percent of the club, with the City of Rijeka in control of the remaining 30 percent.[17][18]

Record transfer[edit]

In January 2015, Rijeka sold their star striker Andrej Kramarić to Leicester City for a club-record £9.7 million.[19]

Stadium[edit]

Until July 2015, Rijeka were based at Stadion Kantrida, their traditional home ground for over 60 years. With Kantrida awaiting demolition and reconstruction, since August 2015, Rijeka have been based at the newly-built Stadion Rujevica, an all-seater with the capacity of 6,036. Rujevica is part of Rijeka's new training centre and serves as the club's temporary home ground. Following the demolition of old Kantrida, a new, state of the art, stadium will be built at the same location. In addition to the stadium, the investors are planning to build a commercial complex that will include a shopping mall and a hotel. The commencement of construction of the 14,600 all-seater is scheduled for 2018.[20]

Support[edit]

During most home matches the majority of the seats are occupied by season ticket holders. During the 2015–16 season, there were 3,304 season ticket holders and 3,717 club members.

Main article: Armada Rijeka

Rijeka's hardcore supporters are the so-called Armada Rijeka, or simply Armada. The ultras group has been active since 1987.

Rivalries[edit]

Rijeka's greatest rivalry is with Hajduk Split. Since 1946, the Adriatic derby is contested between the two most popular Croatian football clubs from the Adriatic coast, Rijeka and Hajduk. Other rivalries exist with Dinamo Zagreb and, on regional level, with Istra Pula. The origins of the Rijeka-Pula rivalry date back to the clashes between U.S. Fiumana and G.S.F. Grion Pola since the late 1920s.

Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors[edit]

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt partner
1998–1999 Adidas INA
1999–2002 Kronos
2002–2003 Torpedo
2003–2004 Lero
2004–2005 Legea
2005–2006 INA
2006–2008 Kappa Croatia Osiguranje
2008–2012 Jako
2012–2014 Lotto  –
2014– Jako

First-team squad[edit]

As of 26 July 2016[21]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
12 Croatia GK Simon Sluga
31 Croatia GK Ivan Nevistić
32 Croatia GK Andrej Prskalo

4 Croatia DF Frane Ikić
6 Republic of Macedonia DF Stefan Ristovski
8 Republic of Macedonia DF Leonard Zuta
15 Croatia DF Matej Mitrović
18 Croatia DF Josip Elez
22 Montenegro DF Aleksandar Šofranac
24 Croatia DF Mateo Bertoša
Croatia DF Ivan Martić

5 Croatia MF Dario Čanađija
7 Croatia MF Marin Tomasov
No. Position Player
10 Romania MF Florentin Matei
19 Croatia MF Tomislav Turčin
21 Nigeria MF Goodness Ajayi
26 Croatia MF Mate Maleš Captain
27 Croatia MF Josip Mišić
28 Croatia MF Filip Bradarić
29 Montenegro MF Marko Vešović
40 Nigeria MF Gerald Diyoke

11 Slovenia FW Roman Bezjak
17 Switzerland FW Mario Gavranović
20 Croatia FW Dario Vizinger
99 Bosnia and Herzegovina FW Haris Handžić

Other players under contract[edit]

As of 20 July 2016.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Croatia DF Niko Datković
Nigeria DF Muhammed Kabiru
Croatia DF Mato Miloš
Croatia MF Anas Sharbini
Croatia FW Andrija Filipović

Out on loan[edit]

As of 25 July 2016.[22]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Nigeria GK Ayotunde Ikuepamitan (at Croatia HNK Šibenik)
Nigeria GK David Nwolokor (at Bosnia and Herzegovina NK Vitez)
Nigeria DF Jamilu Collins (at Croatia NK Istra 1961)
Croatia DF Mihael Rebernik (at Slovenia NK Aluminij)
Croatia MF Vedran Jugović (at South Korea Jeonnam Dragons)
Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Zoran Kvržić (at Moldova FC Sheriff Tiraspol)
Croatia FW Filip Dangubić (at Slovenia NK Krško)
Nigeria FW Solomon Theophilus (at Croatia NK Istra 1961)

Youth system[edit]

Main article: HNK Rijeka Academy

Club officials[edit]

Position Staff
Chairman Croatia Damir Mišković
Vice-chairman Croatia Dean Šćulac
Croatia Zlatan Hreljac
Honorary chairman Italy Gabriele Volpi
Supervisory board chairman Italy Francesco Cuzzocrea
Managing director Croatia Vlado Čohar
Administrative director Croatia Marina Vela
Director of finance Croatia Marina Cesarac Dorčić
Director of communications Croatia Robert Frank
Director of operations Croatia Alen Rivetti
Club secretary Croatia Milica Alavanja
Power of attorney Croatia Vlatko Vrkić
Director of football Croatia Srećko Juričić
Director of football (assistant) Croatia Ivan Mance
Team manager Croatia Radoslav Ljepojević
Manager Slovenia Matjaž Kek
Assistant manager Croatia Danko Matrljan
Croatia Vjekoslav Miletić
Fitness coach Italy Ugo Maranza
Goalkeeping coach Croatia Mladen Žganjer
Chief scout Croatia Ranko Buketa
Team doctor Croatia Nataša Bakarčić
Croatia Boban Dangubić
Physiotherapist Croatia Igor Pavačić
Croatia Alen Ilić
Croatia Enio Krajač
Rehabilitation coach Croatia Luka Brkljača
Kit manager Croatia Albania Rustem Gashi
Croatia Marcel Filip Račan
Academy director Croatia Edo Flego

Last updated: 28 June 2016
Source: Club officials

Notable players[edit]

For a list of many former and current HNK Rijeka players, see Category:HNK Rijeka players.
To appear in this section a player must have satisfied all of the following three criteria:

Source: Appearances and Goals. Last updated June 2015.

All Time Best 11[edit]

According to a 2005–07 survey of former players (older than 40 years of age) and respected journalists, Marinko Lazzarich found that the best all time team of Rijeka is as follows:

1. Jantoljak, 2. Milevoj, 3. Hrstić, 4. Radaković, 5. Radin, 6. Juričić, 7. Lukarić, 8. Gračan, 9. Osojnak, 10. Naumović, 11. Desnica.[23]

Rijeka's daily, Novi list, in 2011 declared the following 11 players as Rijeka's best all time team:

1. Jantoljak, 2. Šarić, 3. Radin, 4. Juričić, 5. Hrstić, 6. Loik, 7. Radaković, 8. Mladenović, 9. Naumović, 10. Skoblar, 11. Desnica.[24]

Managerial history[edit]

For a list of HNK Rijeka managers, see Category:HNK Rijeka managers.

Source: Presidents and managers

Presidents[edit]

Source: Presidents and managers

Seasons, statistics and records[edit]

Honours[edit]

Rijeka won two Yugoslav Cups and three Croatian Cups. In European competitions, the club has reached the quarter-final of the Cup Winners' Cup in 1979–80, and group stages of the UEFA Europa League in 2013–14 and 2014–15. The club has also won the 1978 Balkans Cup.[25] In the following table, defunct competitions are listed in italics.

Honours No. Years
Domestic leagues
Croatian First Football League Runners-up 5 1998–99, 2005–06, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16
Yugoslav First League Best placed Croatian club 3 1964–65, 1983–84, 1986–87
Yugoslav Second League Winners 6 1952, 1957–58, 1969–70, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1973–74
Domestic cups
Croatian Cup Winners 3 2004–05, 2005–06, 2013–14
Croatian Cup Runners-up 1 1993–94
Croatian Supercup Winners 1 2014
Croatian Supercup Runners-up 2 2005, 2006
Yugoslav Cup Winners 2 1977–78, 1978–79
Yugoslav Cup Runners-up 1 1986–87
Best European results
UEFA Europa League Group stage 2 2013–14, 2014–15
UEFA Cup Round of 32 1 1984–85
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Quarter-final 1 1979–80
Balkans Cup Winners 1 1978
Balkans Cup Runners-up 1 1979

Source: Soccerway, Last updated May 2016.

Rankings[edit]

UEFA club coefficient ranking[edit]

(As of 21 July 2016), Source: Bert Kassies website

Rank Team Points
105 Serbia FK Partizan 15.925
106 Portugal G.D. Estoril Praia 15.516
107 Croatia HNK Rijeka 14.875
108 Switzerland FC Zürich 14.775
109 France Montpellier HSC 14.716

European record[edit]

By competition[edit]

Competition Pld W D L GF GA Last season played
UEFA Champions League 2 0 0 2 1 6 1999–2000
UEFA Cup
UEFA Europa League
46 19 11 16 69 55 2016–17
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 10 3 3 4 8 9 1979–80
UEFA Intertoto Cup 4 1 1 2 3 5 2008
Total 62 23 15 24 81 75

Source: uefa.com, Last updated on 23 July 2015.
Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against. Defunct competitions indicated in italics.

By ground[edit]

Ground Pld W D L GF GA GD
Home 31 18 8 5 55 28 +27
Away 31 5 7 19 26 47 −21
Total 62 23 15 24 81 75 +6

Source: uefa.com, Last updated on 23 July 2015.
Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against.

By season[edit]

Non-UEFA competitions are listed in italics.

Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Agg.
1962–63 Intertoto Cup Group
B3
West Germany Rot-Weiß Oberhausen 2–1 3–4 1st out of 4
Switzerland Basel 5–1 2–2
Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 3–1 3–2
QF Hungary Dozsa Pecs 2–2 1–2 3–4
1965–66 Intertoto Cup Group
B1
East Germany Motor Jena 0–3 1–3 4th out of 4
Czechoslovakia Tatran Prešov 0–0 1–3
Poland Szombierki Bytom 0–3 1–0
1974–75 Mitropa Cup Group
A
Hungary Tatabánya 3–1 1–3 2nd out of 3
Austria Wacker Innsbruck 1–3 0–0
1977 Intertoto Cup Group
6
Denmark Frem Kobenhavn 2–2 0–2 3rd out of 4
Poland Ruch Chorzów 0–1 4–2
Austria Grazer AK 1–1 3–0
1978 Balkans Cup Group
B
Albania Skënderbeu Korçë 6–0 0–1 1st out of 3
Greece Aris Thessaloniki 2–0 2–1
F Romania Jiul Petroşani 4–1 0–1 4–2
1978–79 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup R1 Wales Wrexham 3–0 0–2 3–2
R2 Belgium Beveren 0–0 0–2 0–2
1979–80 Balkans Cup Group
A
Greece PAS Giannina 2–1 3–1 1st out of 3
Albania Partizani Tirana 3–0 1–4
F Romania Sportul Studențesc 1–1 0–2 1–3
1979–80 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup R1 Belgium Germinal Beerschot 2–1 0–0 2–1
R2 Czechoslovakia Lokomotiva Košice 3–0 0–2 3–2
QF Italy Juventus 0–0 0–2 0–2
1984–85 UEFA Cup R1 Spain Valladolid 4–1 0–1 4–2
R2 Spain Real Madrid 3–1 0–3 3–4
1985–86 Mitropa Cup SF Hungary Debreceni 0–1  –  –
3rd Pl. Czechoslovakia Sigma Olomouc 3–2  –  –
1986–87 UEFA Cup R1 Belgium Standard Liège 0–1 1–1 1–2
1999–00 UEFA Champions League QR2 Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Partizan 0–3 1–3 1–6
2000–01 UEFA Cup QR Malta Valletta 3–2 5–4 (aet) 8–6
R1 Spain Celta Vigo 0–1 (aet) 0–0 0–1
2002 UEFA Intertoto Cup R1 Republic of Ireland St Patrick's Athletic 3–2 0–1 3–3 (a)
2004–05 UEFA Cup QR2 Turkey Gençlerbirliği 2–1 0–1 2–2 (a)
2005–06 UEFA Cup QR2 Bulgaria Litex Lovech 2–1 0–1 2–2 (a)
2006–07 UEFA Cup QR1 Cyprus Omonia 2–2 1–2 3–4
2008 UEFA Intertoto Cup R1 Republic of Macedonia Renova 0–0 0–2 0–2
2009–10 UEFA Europa League QR2 Luxembourg Differdange 3–0 0–1 3–1
QR3 Ukraine Metalist Kharkiv 1–2 0–2 1–4
2013–14 UEFA Europa League QR2 Wales Prestatyn Town 5–0 3–0 8–0
QR3 Slovakia Žilina 2–1 1–1 3–2
Playoff Germany Stuttgart 2–1 2–2 4–3
Group I Portugal Vitória de Guimarães 0–0 0–4 4th out of 4
Spain Real Betis 1–1 0–0
France Lyon 1–1 0–1
2014–15 UEFA Europa League QR2 Hungary Ferencváros 1–0 2–1 3–1
QR3 Faroe Islands Víkingur 4–0 5–1 9–1
Playoff Moldova Sheriff Tiraspol 1–0 3–0 4–0
Group G Belgium Standard Liège 2–0 0–2 3rd out of 4
Spain Sevilla 2–2 0–1
Netherlands Feyenoord 3–1 0–2
2015–16 UEFA Europa League QR2 Scotland Aberdeen 0–3 2–2 2–5
2016–17 UEFA Europa League QR3 Turkey İstanbul Başakşehir

Last updated on 10 May 2016.
Note: List includes matches played in competitions not endorsed by UEFA.
Matches played at neutral ground in Ascoli and Pisa, Italy.

Player records[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d HNK Rijeka. "Povijest" (in Croatian). HNK Rijeka official website. Retrieved 22 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Split slavi, Zagreb izmišlja, Opatija ne zna, a Rijeka se srami" (in Croatian). RijekaDanas. 26 April 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  3. ^ Puric; Schöggl; Stokkermans (8 May 2014). "Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro – Cup Finals". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c Vivoda, Vlado (16 July 2014). "HNK Rijeka: The Rise of the Phoenix". Hocuri.com. Retrieved 20 November 2015. 
  5. ^ Stokkermans (26 September 2014). "Croatia – Cup Finals". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Rijeka-Osijek 1:1" (in Croatian). HRnogomet.com. 26 May 1999. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  7. ^ Vidalina (1 June 2009). "Dokaz! Rijeci 1999. naslov prvaka definitivno ukraden" (in Croatian). 24 sata. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  8. ^ Bajruši (13 August 2002). "Dokumenti koji otkrivaju kako je Dinamo 1999. ukrao prvenstvo" (in Croatian). Nacional. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  9. ^ Bajruši (13 August 2002). "Dokumenti koji otkrivaju kako je Dinamo 1999. ukrao prvenstvo" (in Croatian). Nacional. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  10. ^ Stokkermans (9 January 2008). "Cup Winners' Cup 1979–80". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 9 January 2008. 
  11. ^ "24.10.1984: Rijeka – Real Madrid 3:1" (in Croatian). Armada Rijeka. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  12. ^ "Velika noć na Kantridi: Benko, Kvržić i Vargić za povijest" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  13. ^ "Stuttgart – Rijeka 2:2, bijeli u Europskoj ligi" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Hat trick za povijesnu pobjedu u Europskoj ligi: Kramarić – Feyenoord 3:1" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "Blago nama, Moises i Krama: Bijeli u pola sata pomeli Standard" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Peh u sudačkoj nadoknadi: Sevilla u posljednjim sekundama iščupala bod na Kantridi" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  17. ^ "Rijeka postala sportsko dioničko društvo: Volpi dao 54 milijuna kuna za 70 posto vlasništva" (in Croatian). Index.hr. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  18. ^ "Ownership". nk-rijeka.hr. Retrieved 20 November 2015. 
  19. ^ "Andrej Kramaric set to complete £9.7m move to Leicester from Rijeka". ESPN. 8 January 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2015. 
  20. ^ Official Project Website
  21. ^ "1. momčad" (in Croatian). HNK Rijeka. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  22. ^ "Players on Loan". HNK Rijeka. 
  23. ^ Lazzarich, Marinko (2008) (in Croatian). Kantrida bijelih snova. Rijeka: Adamić. ISBN 978-953-219-393-0, p. 467.
  24. ^ Cvijanović, Marko (29 August 2011). "Asevi s Kantride: Idealna momčad Rijeke". Novi List (in Croatian). Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  25. ^ Stokkermans; Ionescu (29 July 2010). "Balkan Cup". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 29 July 2010. 
  26. ^ a b "Rijeka profile". UEFA.com. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 

External links[edit]

Unofficial

Supporters