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Tula State Museum of Weapons (79-58) (cropped) RPG-27.jpg
A RPG-27 rocket launcher on display at the Tula State Museum of Weapons
TypeDisposable rocket launcher[1]
Place of originSoviet Union/Russia
Service history
In service1989
Used bySee Operators
Production history
DesignerState Research and Production Enterprise, Bazalt
ManufacturerState Research and Production Enterprise, Bazalt
Mass7.6 kg
Length1155 mm

Caliber105 mm
Action750 mm: RHA
650 mm: RHA after ERA
1500 mm: Reinforced concrete
3700 mm: Earth
Muzzle velocity120 m/s
Effective firing range200 m
SightsIron sights

The RPG-27 is a Soviet, single shot, disposable grenade launcher.


The RPG-27 Tavolga ('meadow grass') was developed by the State Research and Production Enterprise, Bazalt, as a modern anti-tank grenade launcher designed to defeat modern and future tanks with advanced reactive and composite armor as well as fortified infantry.[2] The RPG-27 was developed by the Soviet Union from the RPG-26.


The RPG-27 shares a close resemblance with the previous RPG-26 in that it is a man-portable, disposable anti-tank grenade launcher with a single shot capacity. The RPG-27 has a larger diameter round than the RPG-26 which enables the RPG-27 to achieve higher armour penetration performance. The RPG-27 fin stabilised round is a 105 mm tandem-charge HEAT warhead with a range of 200 meters. The round has a stated penetration capability in excess of 650 mm of RHA (after ERA) and 1500 mm of brick or concrete and 3700 mm of earth.



The RShG-1 (Реактивная Штурмовая Граната, Reaktivnaya Shturmovaya Granata, Rocket-propelled Assault Grenade) Tavolga-1 (Таволга-1) is a variant of RPG-27 with thermobaric warhead. It is intended to be used against soft skinned and lightly armored vehicles, buildings, military installations and infantry. The RShG-1 is very similar in operation to the RPG-27. It has a lethal radius of 10 meters and a larger sighting range of 600 meters. The warhead contains 1.9 kilograms (4.19 pounds) of thermobaric mixture, with an explosive yield roughly equal to that of 8 kilograms (17.6 pounds) of TNT. Officially adopted by the Russian Government in December 2011.[3]


RMG[4][5] is a smaller, multipurpose variant of the RShG-1 that is optimized for the bunker buster role and defeating light vehicles and infantry in cover. As a result, its penetration performance against tank armor is reduced.

The launcher carries a tandem warhead. The precursor high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead penetrates armour or other obstacles (reinforced concrete, masonry, etc.). The main warhead creates a fine explosive cloud and takes into the interior through the hole, pierced by the precursor charge. Detonation of the main warhead explosive boasts a multiple effects (high-explosive and incendiary).

The RMG rocket launcher ('RMG' stands for “Reaktivnaya Mnogotselevaya Granata” or rocket-propelled multi-purpose grenade) was developed by Bazalt in the early 2000s. As is the case with disposable anti-tank rocket launchers and multi-purpose assault weapons, the designation of the new rocket launcher is the designation of its round. The design project was supervised by leading designer S. Kh. Irtuganov.[6] Officially adopted by the Russian Government in December 2011.


Map with RPG-27 operators in blue and former operators in red

Current operators[edit]

Former operators[edit]


  1. ^ "Jane's international defence review: IDR". 37 (1–6). Jane's Information Group. 2004: 226, 228. Retrieved 23 January 2011. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ "RPG-27 Tavolga anti-tank rocket launcher (Russian Federation), ANTI-TANK WEAPONS". Jane's Infantry Weapons. 2008-01-18. Archived from the original on February 28, 2009. Retrieved 2008-12-06.
  3. ^ http://vpk.name/news/62946_na_vooruzhenie_vs_rf_prinyato_neskolko_izdelii_fgup_gnpp_bazalt.html
  4. ^ "RMG - Modern Firearms".
  5. ^ "RPG-27 Tavolga | Weaponsystems.net".
  6. ^ "RMG multi-purpose rocket weapon". Retrieved 23 November 2014.

External links[edit]