Rafael Moreno Aranzadi

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Moreno and the second or maternal family name is Aranzadi.
Ath pichichi 02.jpg
Personal information
Full name Rafael Moreno Aranzadi
Date of birth (1892-05-23)23 May 1892
Place of birth Bilbao, Spain
Date of death 1 March 1922(1922-03-01) (aged 29)
Place of death Bilbao, Spain
Height 1.54 m (5 ft 1 in)
Playing position Striker
Youth career
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1911–1921 Athletic Bilbao 17 (10[1])
National team
1920 Spain 5 (1)

* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.

† Appearances (goals)
Bust of Moreno at the San Mamés Stadium

Rafael Moreno Aranzadi (23 May 1892 – 1 March 1922), known as Pichichi (Little Duck), was a Spanish footballer who played as a striker.

He played for Athletic Bilbao during the 1910s and 1920s.[2]

Club career[edit]

Born in Bilbao, Biscay, Pichichi played in his first Copa del Rey final in March 1913. Athletic Bilbao, his sole club, lost 0–1 against Racing Club de Irún. Later the same year, on 21 August, the same opponents, now renamed Real Unión, were invited to play the inaugural game at San Mamés Stadium, and he scored the very first goal at the new ground.

Pichichi subsequently played in five other domestic cup finals, winning four. He netted a hat-trick in the 1915 final as Athletic beat RCD Español 5–0. He died on 2 March 1922 at the age of only 29, victim of a sudden attack of typhus.

International career[edit]

In 1920, Pichichi was a member of the very first Spanish national team that played at the Olympic Games in Belgium.

He gained five senior caps during one month, his debut coming on 28 August in a 1–0 win against Denmark.

Personal life[edit]

  • In 1926, a bust was erected in his honour outside the San Mamés Stadium. It was tradition for teams visiting the stadium for the first time pay homage by leaving a bouquet of flowers at its base.
  • Pichichi was easily identifiable on the pitch by his ever present white headgear. Both he and his future wife were immortalised in a painting by Aurelio Arteta.



  • Copa del Rey: 1913–14, 1914–15, 1915–16, 1920–21
  • Northern Championship: 1913–14, 1914–15, 1915–16
  • Vizcayan Championship: 1919–20, 1920–21


Olympic medal record
Competitor for  Spain
Men's Football
Silver medal – second place Antwerp 1920 Team Competition

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Goals scored in the Copa del Rey, which was the major national tournament in that era
  2. ^ A LITTLE HISTORY: Rafael Moreno Aranzadi ‘Pichichi’; at Espangol

External links[edit]