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Ramón Sampedro Cameán
5 January 1943
|Died||12 January 1998 (aged 55)|
Boiro, Galicia, Spain
|Cause of death||Assisted suicide|
|Known for||Right-to-die case|
Ramón Sampedro Cameán (5 January 1943 – 12 January 1998) was a Spanish seaman and writer. Sampedro became a quadriplegic at the age of 25 (on 23 August 1968), following a diving accident, and fought for his right to an assisted suicide for the following 29 years.
Demand for suicide
As a young man, Sampedro jumped into the sea from rocks near his home, a fishing village in the northern Spanish region of Galicia. Misjudging the water's depth, he struck his head on the seabed. He sustained a spinal cord injury, leaving him paralyzed from the neck down.
Sampedro applied to Spain's lower courts, its higher courts, and the European Commission on Human Rights in Strasbourg to legally end his life. His argument hinged on the fact that he was sure of his decision to die. However, owing to his paralysis, he was physically unable to commit suicide without help. He argued that suicide was a right that he was being denied, and he sought legal advice concerning his right to receive assistance to end his life, first in the courts of Spain, where his case attracted country-wide attention. Eventually, his fight became known worldwide.
Death and aftermath
Sampedro died on Monday 12 January 1998 in Boiro, Spain, from potassium cyanide poisoning. Several days later, his close friend Ramona Maneiro was arrested and charged with assisting his suicide. Sampedro had divided the elements required to complete his suicide into individual tasks, each small enough that no single person could be convicted of assisting the suicide process entirely. Maneiro was released due to lack of evidence. No further charges were ever filed in connection with Sampedro's death.
Seven years later, after the statute of limitations had expired, Maneiro, speaking on a Spanish talk show, admitted to providing Sampedro with a cyanide-laced drink and a straw. She said "I did it for love." She also said she had turned on the video camera that recorded Sampedro's last words before he drank the poison and that she was in the room, behind the camera.
He left an open letter to the judges and the society and caused an ethical turmoil in the Spanish society which led to a Senatorial Committee on Euthanasia in 1999.
In popular culture
The story of Sampedro's life and death was made into a Spanish film, Mar adentro (2004), directed by Alejandro Amenábar, in which he was portrayed by Javier Bardem. The movie drew international attention and won the Best Foreign Language Film award at the 77th Academy Awards.
Sampedro wrote a book before he died, titled Cartas desde el infierno. It includes a collection of poems, short essays, and reflections on life from Sampedro’s point of view. After the release of Mar adentro, it was edited again. As of 2005[update], 100,000 copies of the book have been sold.
- Sampedro, Ramón (1996). Cartas desde el infierno [Letters From Hell] (in Spanish). Planeta. ISBN 84-08-05632-8.
- Sampedro, Ramón (1998). Cando eu caia [When I Fall] (in Galician). Edicións Xerais. ISBN 8483022605.
- Usher, Rod (26 January 1998). "Live and Let Die". Time. 151 (4). Archived from the original on 28 June 2011.
- "A Suicide Tape on TV Inflames the Issue in Spain". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. 9 March 1998. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- EP (4 June 2003). "Amenábar llevará al cine la vida del tetrapléjico Ramón Sampedro". Diario de León (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- Agencias (3 June 2003). "Javier Bardem interpretará al tetrapléjico Ramón Sampedro en la próxima película de Amenabar". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- Agencias (28 February 2005). "'Mar adentro' consigue el Oscar a la Mejor Película de habla no inglesa". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- "La resurrección literaria del gallego Ramón Sampedro". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid: Mundinteractivos, S.A. 1 October 2004. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- "El libro de Ramón Sampedro «Cartas desde el infierno» vuelve a editarse". ABC (in Spanish). 29 September 2004. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- M. L. (19 January 2005). "«Cartas desde el infierno», de Ramón Sampedro, supera los 100.000 ejemplares vendidos". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- García, Julián (2 December 2009). "´Spanish movie´ parodia los últimos éxitos del cine español". El Periódico Mediterráneo (in Spanish). Grupo Zeta. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- "Guzaarish story lifted from a Spanish film?". IBN Live. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- "Is Guzaarish inspired by Spanish film The Sea Inside?". The Indian Express. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- Media related to Ramón Sampedro at Wikimedia Commons