Rambam Health Care Campus
|Rambam Health Care Campus|
Emergency center of the Rambam Health Care Campus
|Funding||Public, Government, and Non-Profit|
|Hospital type||Tertiary Referral Center for Northern Israel|
|Affiliated university||Technion – Israel Institute of Technology|
Rambam Health Care Campus (Hebrew: רמב"ם - הקריה הרפואית לבריאות האדם) commonly called Rambam Hospital, is a hospital in the Bat Galim neighborhood of Haifa, Israel founded in 1938, 10 years before the establishment of the State of Israel.
It is the largest medical center in northern Israel and fifth largest in Israel, and is named for the 12th century physician-philosopher Rabbi Moshe Ben-Maimon (Maimonides), known as the Rambam.
Rambam Hospital serves as a referral medical center and Level I trauma center, employing a multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis and treatment. Some 80,000 people are hospitalized there every year, and another 600,000 are treated in its outpatient clinics and medical institutes. The Technion's medical school is located adjacent to the hospital. The medical center has 36 departments with 1000 beds, 45 medical units, 9 institutes, 6 laboratories and 30 administrative and maintenance departments. Comprehensive services for all of northern Israel include trauma treatment, oncology, and neurosurgery.
The Sammy Ofer Fortified Underground Emergency Hospital officially opened in its peacetime configuration in 2014, following a successful drill to test emergency preparedness. Work on this fortified emergency underground hospital began in 2010; it was designed to withstand conventional, chemical, and biological attacks. Planning for this project began in 2007. The project includes a three-floor parking lot that can be transformed within 72 hours into a 2,000-bed hospital. Made possible through a donation by the late Sammy Ofer, the hospital can generate its own power and store enough oxygen, drinking water and medical supplies for up to three days.
The Ruth Rappaport Children's Hospital has the largest pediatric emergency department in the north of Israel. This nine-story hospital, named for Ruth Rappaport—wife of banker and financier Bruce Rappaport—replaces the current Meyer Children's Hospital, providing additional pediatric facilities. In addition to new patient wards, there is a museum, classrooms and a movie theater.
The Joseph Fishman Oncology Center opened on June 20, 2016. The facility has nine floors and 10,000 square meters of space for providing a variety of cancer treatments for patients. 
Rambam Hospital was established in 1938 during the British Mandate. It was inaugurated by the High Commissioner of Palestine Sir Harold MacMichael as a 225-bed facility. It was originally known as the British Government Hospital of Haifa. The Bauhaus architect Erich Mendelsohn was commissioned to design the building on a half-moon shaped headland at the foot of Mount Carmel, northwest of Haifa Port. After the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, the hospital was renamed Rambam in 1952, the acronym for Rabbi Mosheh Ben Maimon (Maimonides).
The new hospital had departments in internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics/gynecology, psychiatry, and clinics for venereal diseases and active tuberculosis. The December 23, 1938 edition of the Palestine Post wrote: "High Commissioner opens new government hospital in Haifa: Describes it as 'the finest medical institution in the Middle East.'" Its first director was Dr. John Herbert Thompson.
In 1968, the Meyer Children's Hospital was established. It was the only children's hospital dedicated exclusively to pediatric medicine (children ages 0–16) in northern Israel, located on Rambam Health Care Campus. To accommodate the increasing number of pediatric patients, as of June 2014, the pediatric departments are now transferring to the new Ruth Rappaport Children's Hospital.
In 2012, the hospital banned the sale of tobacco products in shops, kiosks and vending machines on its campus.
In 2013, Rambam physicians performed the first ablation of the brain in a patient with essential tremor (ET) employing MRI-guided ultrasound instead of surgery.
In May, 2016, Rambam Health Care Campus was part of a group (IBM, Medtronic, Pitango, and Rambam) that won a grant from the Israeli government to open a digital medicine incubator. The new incubator, MindUp, is the first to be based in Haifa, and recently accepted its first start-up company.
Also in 2016, Rambam Health Care Campus became the first installation site in the world for a hybrid nuclear imaging scanner.
Following is a list of the Directors for Rambam Health Care Campus:
- 1938-1948: John Herbert Thompson, MD (as the Government Hospital under the British Mandate)
- 1948-1963: Rafael Gjebin, MD
- 1963-1975: Moshe Lazar, MD
- 1975-1979: Reuben Eldar, MD
- 1979-1981: Leon Epsteing, MD (Acting Director)
- 1981-1986: Joseph Brandes, MD
- 1987-2005: Moshe Revach, MD
- 2006-Present: Rafael Beyar, MD, DSc
Leading Departments at Rambam Health Care Campus include oncology and hemato-oncology, cardiac surgery, orthopedics, and Neurosurgery. Rambam is the only provider of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and brachiotherapy in Northern Israel. Other services unique to hospitals in Northern Israel include robotic surgery.
Rambam's Department of International Medicine was established in 1995. The large number of patients received from the former Soviet Union has led to the hospital providing a separate Russian-language website for this department. Rambam's medical tourism center is one of the largest in Israel.
Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal is an international quarterly publication coordinated by Rambam Health Care Campus.
Since 2007 Rambam Health Care Campus has been undergoing a major development effort in order to better meet the needs of the population it serves. This includes upgrading patient services, creation of new facilities, and construction of a fortified hospital for the safety of patients during times of extreme emergency. As of 2017, this project is still under way. Three buildings have been completed, with two remaining.
- The Sammy Ofer Fortified Underground Emergency Hospital
- Named for and primarily funded by the late Sammy Ofer, this 2,000-bed facility is the largest of its kind in the world. During peacetime it serves as a 1,500-vehicle underground parking lot. Within 72 hours it converts into a fully functioning hospital with fortification against conventional and non-conventional warfare. Following a logistics drill in March of 2014 this facility opened in its peacetime configuration.
- The Ruth Rappaport Children's Hospital
- Named for and partially funded by Ruth Rappaport (wife of Bruce Rappaport), the new children's hospital officially opened in June of 2014. The new Pediatric Emergency Department is the largest and most advanced in Israel.
- Joseph Fishman Oncology Center
- Named for and partially funded by the late Joseph Fishman, this facility is providing upgraded services for cancer patients, including expanded alternative and complementary medicine for treating cancer and its side-effects.
- Eyal Ofer Heart Hospital
- This facility will offer an integrated model for cardiovascular care. It will also house research laboratories and offer cardiovascular risk-reduction programs. The groundbreaking ceremony was held on May 9, 2017.
- Helmsley Health Discovery Tower
- This 20-story facility will house clinical, educational, and research facilities of Rambam Health Care Campus, University of Haifa, and the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology. The grant from the Helmsley Charitable Trust to facilitate its construction respresent's the Trust's largest donation in Israel to date.
- Ayala Hurwicz (2007-05-07). "Sheba - Largest Hospital in Israel" (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2007-09-14.
- "Creating the Future of Medicine" (eMagazine). Rambam HCC. 2011. pp. 8–9. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
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- "Evacuation service". Lahak Aviation. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
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- "History". The Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine. Technion-IIT. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
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- Ran, Daniella; Ben-Ishai, Zvi; Bet ha-ḥolim ha-memshalti Rambam (Haifa) (2008). Rambam Health Care Campus 70th Anniversary. Israel: Rambam Health Care Campus. pp. 24, 65, 235. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
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- Siegel-Itzkovich, Judy (November 25, 2013). "Rambam Medical Center claims Israeli breakthrough in treating essential tremor". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- Baum, Stephanie (September 14, 2015). "IBM, Medtronic win grant to launch digital medicine incubator in Israel". MedCity News. Breaking Media, Inc. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- JTA (May 28, 2016). "US health firms, Haifa hospital team up to 'incubate' digital medicine start-ups". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- Weinreb, Gali. "MindUP incubator takes in first startup". Globes. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- Yasur Beit-Oren, Meital (April 7, 2016). "First-of-its-kind nuclear imaging machine installed at Haifa hospital". Israel HaYom. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- Ronen, Gil (December 23, 2010). "'Dr. Robot' Operates in Rambam Hospital". Arutz Sheva. IsraelNationalNews.com. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- Linder-Ganz, Ronny (June 22, 2010). "Will Israel become a major center for medical tourism?". Haaretz. Haaretz. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- Carmel, Patricia (July 8, 2014). "From parking lot to emergency hospital". Metro Insert. Jerusalem Post. pp. 18–20. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- Schick, Camilla (2014-03-26). "Haifa medical teams practice moving wartime hospital underground". Jerusalem Post.
- Aryeh, Savir. "Rambam Hospital seen on video conducting emergency drill in new underground medical center". Your Jewish News. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- Siegel-Itzkovich, Judy (2014-06-19). "'Most advanced' children's hospital opens at Rambam". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- "Groundbreaking of Eyal Ofer Heart Hospital". Rambam HCC YouTube Channel. Rambam Health Care Campus. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
- "The Eyal Ofer Heart Hospital". Rambam Health Care Campus. Rambam Health Care Campus. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
- "Helmsley Announces $18 Million Grant to Establish 'Helmsley Health Discovery Tower,' A Joint Rambam and University of Haifa Project on Rambam Health Care Campus". The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Turst. January 23, 2018. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
- Siegel-Itzkovich, Judy (January 23, 2018). "Helmsley Trust gives $18M. to three leading Haifa institutions". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 10 April 2018.