Regional Council of Lombardy

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Regional Council of Lombardy
11th Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
President
Alessandro Fermi, FI
since 5 April 2018
Structure
Seats80
Regional Council Lombardy current.svg
Political groups
Government (49)
  •      LN (29)
  •      FI (13)
  •      FdI (2)
  •      NcI (1)
  •      EpI (1)
  •      Fontana (1)
  •      Mixed (2)

Opposition (31)

  •      PD (14)
  •      M5S (13)
  •      LCE (2)
  •      +E (1)
  •      Mixed (1)
Elections
Last election
March 4, 2018
Next election
March 2023
Meeting place
Pirelli Tower, Milan
Website
Official website
Flag of Lombardy.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Lombardy

The Regional Council of Lombardy (Consiglio Regionale della Lombardia) is the legislative assembly of Lombardy.

It was first elected in 1970, when the ordinary regions were instituted, on the basis of the Constitution of Italy of 1948.

Composition[edit]

The political system of the Regions of Italy was changed in 1995, when a semi-presidential system was introduced. If until that year the Council was elected under a pure proportional system and the President of Lombardy was chosen and dismissed by the Council, since 1995 the President and the Council are jointly elected by the people.

The Regional Council of Lombardy is composed of 80 members. From 1995 to 2012, 64 councillors were elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 16 councillors (elected in bloc) came from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat was reserved for the candidate who came second. If a coalition won more than 40 seats with PR, as happened during the 2000 election, only 8 candidates from the regional list would be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 72. If the winning coalition received less than 50% of votes, as happened during the 1995 election, special seats were added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.[1][2][3]

A new lombard electoral law was adopted on 26 October 2012. While the President of Lombardy and the leader of the opposition are still elected at-large, 78 councillors, instead of 64 as it was before, are elected by party lists under a form of semi-proportional representation. The winning coalition receives a jackpot of at least 45 seats, which are divided between all majority parties using the D'Hondt method, as it happens between the losing lists. Each party then distributes its seats to its provincial lists, where candidates are openly selected.

The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.[4][5]

The Council chooses its speaker, called President of the Council (Presidente del Consiglio).

Political groups (2018-2023)[edit]

The Council is composed of the following political groups:[6]

Party Seats Government
LeagueLombard League Salvini
29 / 80
In government
Democratic Party
14 / 80
Opposition
Five Star Movement
13 / 80
Opposition
Forza Italia
12 / 80
In government
Brothers of Italy
2 / 80
In government
Europeanist Civic Lombards
2 / 80
Opposition
Energies for Italy
1 / 80
In government
Us with Italy
1 / 80
In government
Ideal Lombardy – Fontana for President
1 / 80
In government
+EuropeRadicals
1 / 80
Opposition
Mixed
4 / 80
In government

Historical composition[edit]

Election DC PCI PSI PLI PRI PSDI MSI Others Total
7 June 1970 36 19 9 4 2 5 3 2 80
15 June 1975 32 25 11 2 2 3 3 2 80
8 June 1980 34 23 11 2 2 3 3 2 80
12 May 1985 31 22 12 1 4 2 4 4 80
6 May 1990 25 15 12 1 2 1 2 22 80
Election Majority Opposition Total Council President of the Region
23 April 1995 38 FI
12 AN
4 CCD
12 LN
11 PDS
5 PRC
4 PPI
2 Greens
2 PdD
90 Lombard Regional Council 1995.svg Roberto Formigoni.jpg
Roberto Formigoni
16 April 2000 27 FI
11 LN
8 AN
2 CCD
2 CDU
1 PP
20 The Olive Tree
5 PRC
3 Bonino List
1 SDI
80 Lombard Regional Council 2000.svg
3 April 2005 25 FI
15 LN
9 AN
3 UDC
20 The Olive Tree
3 PRC
2 Greens
1 Greens
1 PP
1 PdCI
80 Lombard Regional Council 2005.svg
28 March 2010 29 PdL
20 LN
22 PD
4 IdV
3 UDC
1 PP
1 SEL
80 Lombard Regional Council 2010.svg
24 February 2013 19 PdL
16 LN
11 Maroni List
2 FdI
1 PP
17 PD
9 M5S
5 Ambrosoli List
80 Regional Council of Lombardy 2013.svg Roberto Maroni, Premio lotta alla mafia, 2010.jpg
Roberto Maroni
4 March 2018 29 LN
14 FI
3 FdI
1 Fontana List
1 NcI
1 EpI
16 PD
13 M5S
2 Gori List
1 +E
80 Lombard Regional Council 2018.svg Attilio Fontana crop.jpg
Attilio Fontana

Presidents[edit]

This is a list of the Presidents of the Regional Council (Italian: Presidenti del Consiglio regionale) since the 1995 electoral reform:

Name Period Regional Legislature
Giancarlo Morandi (FI) 19 June 1995 12 June 2000 VI (1995)
Attilio Fontana (LN) 12 June 2000 6 June 2005 VII (2000)
6 June 2005 6 July 2006 VIII (2005)
Ettore Albertoni (LN) 6 July 2006 15 July 2008
Giulio De Capitani (LN) 15 July 2008 11 May 2010
Davide Boni (LN) 11 May 2010 17 April 2012 IX (2010)
Fabrizio Cecchetti (LN) 17 April 2012 28 March 2013
Raffaele Cattaneo (FI) 28 March 2013 5 April 2018 X (2013)
Alessandro Fermi (FI) 5 April 2018 incumbent XI (2018)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Regional Council of Lombardy – Electoral law
  2. ^ Regional Council of Lombardy – Scheme for allocation of seats
  3. ^ Ministry of the Interior – Electoral Archive
  4. ^ Regional Council of Lombardy – 1999 Constitutional Law
  5. ^ Regional Council of Lombardy – Autonomy Statute
  6. ^ "I Gruppi Consiliari". www.consiglio.regione.lombardia.it (in Italian). Retrieved 4 July 2019.

External links[edit]