Party of Italian Communists

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Not to be confused with the much larger, disbanded Italian Communist Party.
Party of Italian Communists
Partito dei Comunisti Italiani
Leaders Armando Cossutta
Oliviero Diliberto
Cesare Procaccini
Founder Armando Cossutta
Founded 11 October 1998
Dissolved 11 December 2014
Split from Communist Refoundation Party
Succeeded by Communist Party of Italy
Headquarters p.za Augusto Imperatore, 32
00186 Rome
Newspaper La Rinascita della Sinistra
Youth wing Federation of Italian Communist Youth
Membership  (2012) 12,500[1]
Ideology Communism
Political position Left-wing
European affiliation Party of the European Left
International affiliation none
European Parliament group European United Left–Nordic Green Left

The Party of Italian Communists (Italian: Partito dei Comunisti Italiani, PdCI) was a communist party in Italy.

History[edit]

Foundation and early years[edit]

The PdCI was founded in October 1998 as a split from the Communist Refoundation Party (PRC) by Armando Cossutta, the original leader of the PRC.[2] The main reason for the split was the unwillingness of the majority the Communist Refoundation Party to participate in the operation that toppled the Prodi I Cabinet.

Fausto Bertinotti had kept the party in alliance with The Olive Tree coalition-in-government for two years, but declared the intention to leave because of his disagreement over social policy. Leaving would have left the government without a majority in the Chamber of Deputies. The issue was hotly debated within the Refoundation party, and in the end a few votes, coming from the Trotskyist factions, finally decided. Soon after, the Refoundation party joined the D'Alema I Cabinet with Oliviero Diliberto serving as Minister of Justice. Refoundation obtained two ministries in the subsequent Amato II Cabinet.

Most PRC MPs followed Cossutta into the new Party of Italian Communists, but the PRC secured more voters: in the 1999 European Parliament election the PdCI won 2.0% of the vote, while the PRC 4.3%.

Oliviero Diliberto[edit]

Diliberto, who had been elected Party of Italian Communists general secretary in 2000, led the party to continue its alliance with the other parties of the centre-left for the 2001 general election, in which The Olive Tree lost to Silvio Berlusconi's House of Freedoms. The PdCI won 1.7% of the vote and a handful of deputies and senators.

In the 2006 general election the party was a member of the winning The Union coalition, and won 16 out of 630 deputies.[2] The Together with the Union electoral list consisting of the PdCI, Greens and United Consumers won 11 out of 315 senators.[3] Since 2001, Diliberto had become the undisputed leader of the party; since 2005, clashes between him and Cossutta became frequent. In April 2007 the party president and founder finally left the party.

PdCI flag flown in Carrara (2007)

Later in 2006 the PdCI proposed to the PRC, the Federation of the Greens and other left-wing forces (among them the recently founded Democratic Left) the formation of a "United Left", "a left without adjectives". On 8–9 December 2007 the PdCI participated in the foundation of The Left – The Rainbow. In the 2008 general election the Rainbow list obtained 3.1% of the vote, failing to win any seats in the Italian Parliament and, consequently, it was disbanded soon after.

Out of Parliament[edit]

In July 2008 Diliberto was re-elected secretary during a national congress, during which he declared as "ended" the experience of a "united left" and proposed to the PRC a re-unification of the two parties and a "communist constituent assembly".[4]

For the 2009 European Parliament election, the PdCI formed a joint list known as Anticapitalist and Communist List with the PRC, Socialism 2000. United Consumers Originally Critical Left was also set to join, but finally chose not to.[5] The list received 3.4% of the national vote and failed to return any MEPs.

Soon after the election, Marco Rizzo, a leading member of the party, was expelled from the party after disagreements with Diliberto and launched a new grouping called Communists – Popular Left.[6]

Federation of the Left[edit]

In December 2009 the Anticapitalist and Communist List was transformed into the Federation of the Left (FdS).[7][8] The FdS held its first congress on 20–21 November 2010. Diliberto was elected spokesperson of the group by the national council.[9][10]

In the 2013 general election the PdCI was part of the Civil Revolution coalition, which obtained 2.2% of the vote and no seats.[2][11]

In July 2013 Diliberto stepped down from secretary after 13 years and was replaced by Cesare Procaccini, a 65-year-old former metalworker from Marche.[1]

The PdCI did not contest the 2014 European Parliament election, withdrawing its early support for The Other Europe electoral list.

Communist Party of Italy[edit]

In December 2014 the party was transformed into Communist Party of Italy, taking the name of the late Communist Party of Italy.[12]

Election results[edit]

Italian Parliament[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2001 620,859 1.7
0 / 630
Oliviero Diliberto
2006 884,127 2.3
16 / 630
Increase 16
Oliviero Diliberto
2008 with SA
0 / 630
Decrease 16
Oliviero Diliberto
2013 with Civil Revolution
0 / 630
Oliviero Diliberto
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2001 with The Olive Tree
2 / 315
Oliviero Diliberto
2006 with The Union
5 / 315
Increase 3
Oliviero Diliberto
2008 with SA
0 / 315
Decrease 5
Oliviero Diliberto
2013 with Civil Revolution
0 / 315
Oliviero Diliberto

European Parliament[edit]

European Parliament
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1999 622,261 (#12) 2.0
2 / 87
Oliviero Diliberto
2004 787,613 (#8) 2.4
2 / 78
Oliviero Diliberto
2009 1,038,247° (#6) 3.4
0 / 72
Decrease 2
Oliviero Diliberto
2014 did not run
0 / 73
Cesare Procaccini

°The PdCI was part of Anticapitalist and Communist List.

Symbols[edit]

Leadership[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Partito dei Comunisti Italiani at Wikimedia Commons