Rodondo Island

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Rodondo Island
Rodondo Island from South Point.jpg
Rodondo Island from South Point, 10 km distant
Rodondo Island is located in Tasmania
Rodondo Island
Rodondo Island
EtymologyRedonda
Geography
LocationBass Strait
Coordinates39°14′0″S 146°23′0″E / 39.23333°S 146.38333°E / -39.23333; 146.38333Coordinates: 39°14′0″S 146°23′0″E / 39.23333°S 146.38333°E / -39.23333; 146.38333
Area106 ha (260 acres)
Highest elevation350 m (1,150 ft)
Administration
StateTasmania

Rodondo Island is a granite island, part of the Rodondo Group, lying in northern Bass Strait, within the state boundaries of Tasmania, Australia. The island is located only 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south of Wilsons Promontory in Victoria, and 2' of latitude (2 nautical miles (3.7 km)) south of the Victoria-Tasmania border at latitude 39°12'S[1]. Rodondo Island is ringed by steep cliffs up to 200 metres (660 ft) high, with an area of 106 hectares (260 acres) and a maximum elevation of 350 metres (1,150 ft) above sea level.

Flora and fauna[edit]

It is a nature reserve with a breeding colony of over one million mutton birds or short-tailed shearwaters.[2][3]

Rodondo's vegetation communities include Disphyma herbfield, Stipa tussock grassland, Poa poiformis tussock grassland, Melaleuca armillaris low closed forest, Allocasuarina verticillata low open forest, clifftop shrubland, and Eucalyptus globulus open forest.[4]

As well as the shearwaters, recorded breeding seabird and wader species include little penguin, fairy prion, Pacific gull and sooty oystercatcher. White-bellied sea-eagles have nested on the island.[4] The island is part of the Wilsons Promontory Islands Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because of its importance for breeding seabirds.[5] Reptiles present include the metallic skink, White's skink and southern water skink, Rodondo being the only place the latter has been recorded on Tasmanian territory.[4]

History[edit]

The island was sighted by Lieutenant James Grant on 9 December 1800 from the survey brig HMS Lady Nelson and named "from its resemblance to that rock, well known to all seamen in the West Indies",[6] presumably Redonda, between the islands of Montserrat and Nevis.[7]

The first landing was in January 1947 when a party led by John Béchervaise spent a week exploring the island and surveying its natural history.[8][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Moore, Garry (April 2014). "The boundary between Tasmania and Victoria: Uncertainties and their possible resolution" (PDF). Traverse. The Institute of Surveyors Victoria (294). Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  2. ^ Department of Primary Industries (2015), Rodondo Island - Oil Spill and Biodiversity Survey, January 2015, Tasmanian Government - Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water & Environment, ISBN 978-1-74380-006-5
  3. ^ Small Bass Strait Island Reserves. Draft Management Plan, Department of Primary Industries, Water and Environment. Tasmania, October 2000, retrieved 4 February 2012
  4. ^ a b c Brothers, Nigel; Pemberton, David; Pryor, Helen; & Halley, Vanessa. (2001). Tasmania’s Offshore Islands: seabirds and other natural features. Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery: Hobart. ISBN 0-7246-4816-X
  5. ^ "IBA: Wilsons Promontory Islands". Birdata. Birds Australia. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
  6. ^ Grant, James (1803). The narrative of a voyage of discovery, performed in His Majesty's vessel the Lady Nelson, of sixty tons burthen: with sliding keels, in the years 1800, 1801, and 1802, to New South Wales. Printed by C. Roworth for T. Egerton. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-7243-0036-5. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
  7. ^ Joseph Emerson Worcester (1823). A geographical dictionary or universal gazetteer, ancient and modern. Cummings & Hilliard. p. 419. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  8. ^ "'Lost World' Off Vic. Coast Explored; First White Men There". The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954). Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia. 18 January 1947. p. 1. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  9. ^ "TASMANIA CLAIMS RODONDO ISLAND". Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954). Broken Hill, NSW: National Library of Australia. 27 March 1947. p. 6. Retrieved 10 December 2015.