Rubus coreanus

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Rubus coreanus
Chinese brambles.jpg
(left to right) R. coreanus, R. thibetanus, R. corchorifolius[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rubus
Species: R. coreanus
Binomial name
Rubus coreanus
Miq. 1867
  • Rubus coreanus var. kouytchensis (H.Lév.) H.Lév.
  • Rubus coreanus var. nakaianus H.Lév.
  • Rubus nakaianus H.Lév. ex Nakai
  • Rubus pseudosaxatilis H.Lév.
  • Rubus pseudosaxatilis var. kouytchensis H.Lév.
  • Rubus quelpaertensis H.Lév.
  • Rubus tokkura Siebold

Rubus coreanus (also called Korean bramble[3] or Korean black raspberry, Japanese トックリイチゴ, Rubus tokkura) is a species of raspberry native to Korea, Japan, and China.[4] It produces edible berries (not true berries in the botanical sense) that are fermented into bokbunja ju, a Korean fruit wine (although the majority of fruit commercially grown for producing this drink are actually Rubus occidentalis, native to North America).[5][6][7][8]

The wine is called bokbunja (hangul: 복분자; hanja: 覆盆子) in Korean and cha tian pao (插田泡) in Chinese.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ photo from Watson, William, Climbing plants Publisher: London [etc.] : T.C. & E.C. Jack Language
  2. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". 
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  4. ^ "Rubus coreanus Miquel". Flora of China. 
  5. ^ "Phylogenetic relationships of Rubus species revealed by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA markers." (PDF). Eu et al. 2008. J. Crop Sci. Biotech. 11(1):39-44. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-13. 
  6. ^ "Mistaken identity: clarification of Rubus coreanus Miquel (bokbunja)". Archived from = Lee et al. 2014. Molecules. 91(7):10524-10533. the original Check |url= value (help) on 2015-04-15. 
  7. ^ "Anthocyanin fingerprinting of true bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miq.)". Archived from = Lee et al. 2013. J. Funct. Foods 5(4):1985-1990. the original Check |url= value (help) on 2015-04-15. 
  8. ^ "Analysis of bokbunja products show they contain Rubus occidentalis L. fruit.". Lee 2015. J. Funct. Foods 12:144-149. Archived from the original on 2015-04-15.