Ruth Ellis (activist)

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Ruth Ellis
Ruth Ellis LGBT.jpg
Ellis in 1951
Ruth Charlotte Ellis

(1899-07-23)July 23, 1899
DiedOctober 5, 2000(2000-10-05) (aged 101)
EducationSpringfield High School
LGBT activist
Years active1937–2000

Ruth Charlotte Ellis (July 23, 1899 – October 5, 2000) was an African-American woman who became widely known as the oldest surviving open lesbian, and LGBT rights activist at the age of 100, her life being celebrated in Yvonne Welbon's documentary film Living With Pride: Ruth C. Ellis @ 100.[1]

Early Life[edit]

Ellis was born in Springfield, Illinois, on July 23, 1899, to Charlie Ellis and Carrie Farro Ellis. She was the youngest of four children in the family and the only daughter. Her parents were born in the last years of slavery in Tennessee. Ellis' mother died when she was a teen, while her father, Charles Ellis Sr, was the first African American mail carrier in Illinois (originally born a slave).[2][3]

Ellis found out she was a lesbian around 1915 (with help from a psychology textbook), but claims to never have had to come out as her family was rather accepting.[2][4] She graduated from Springfield High School in 1919, at a time when fewer than seven percent of African Americans graduated from secondary school. In the 1920s, she met the only woman she ever lived with, Ceciline "Babe" Franklin. They moved together to Detroit, Michigan, in 1937.


After working for a printer in Michigan, Ellis was inspired to became the first American woman to own a printing business in that city.[2] She made a living printing stationery, fliers, and posters out of her house.

Personal Life[edit]

Her hobbies included dancing, bowling, painting, playing piano, and photography.[4] Ellis and Franklin's house was also known in the African American community as the "gay spot". It was a central location for gay and lesbian parties, and also served as a refuge for African American gays and lesbians. She would continue to support those who needed books, food, or assistance with college tuition.[2] Throughout her life, Ellis was an advocate of the rights of gays and lesbians, and of African Americans. Soon after her 70th birthday, due to her fame within the community, Ellis would become a staple at the "Michigan Womyn’s Music Festival". On her 100th birthday, she led and was sang happy birthday by the San Francisco’s dyke march of 1999. Although Ellis and Franklin eventually separated, they were together for more than 30 years.


Franklin died in 1973.[5] She died in her sleep at her home on October 5, 2000. Her ashes were spread in the following Womyn's festival and into the Atlantic Ocean off of Ghana.[2]

Ruth Ellis Center[edit]

The Ruth Ellis Center honors the life and work of Ruth Ellis, and is one of only four agencies in the United States dedicated to homeless LGBT youth and young adults. Among their services are a drop-in center, street outreach program, licensed foster care home and an integrated Health and Wellness Center that provides medical and mental health care.


In 2009, she was inducted into the Michigan Hall of Fame.[3]

In 2013, she was inducted into the Legacy Walk, an outdoor public display which celebrates LGBT history and people.[6]


  1. ^ Yvonne Welbon (April 2, 2006). "Sisters in the Life!". Our Film Works. Archived from the original on February 19, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-09. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d e Heath, Terrance (2019-02-13). "Over the course of 101 years, the nation's longest-lived lesbian was always out & proud". Retrieved 2019-07-22.
  3. ^ a b editor (2019-06-19). "First African-American mail carrier". The Sangamon County Historical Society. Retrieved 2019-07-22.
  4. ^ a b editor (2019-06-19). "Ruth Ellis, lesbian activist". SangamonLink. Retrieved 2019-07-22.
  5. ^ Kathleen Wilkinson (October 9, 2000). "Ruth Ellis". Curve Magazine. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-02-09.
  6. ^ Victor Salvo // The Legacy Project. "2012 INDUCTEES". Retrieved 29 November 2014.

External links[edit]