Saint Petersburg Police
| Main Department of Internal Affairs of Saint Petersburg and Leningrad oblast
ГУВД СПб и ЛО
|Common name||Petersburg Police|
|Abbreviation||GU MVD SPb|
|Motto||Служа закону, Служим народу
by serving the law, We serve the people
|Formed||June 7, 1718|
|Preceding agency||Municipal Police|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||City of Saint Petersburg in the oblast of Leningrad, Russia|
Districts of St. Petersburg: 1. Admiralteysky 2. Vasileostrovsky 3. Vyborgsky 4. Kalininsky 5. Kirovsky 6. Kolpinsky 7. Krasnogvardeysky 8. Krasnoselsky 9. Kronshtadtsky 10. Kurortny 11. Moskovsky 12. Nevsky 13. Petrogradsky 14. Petrodvortsovy 15. Primorsky 16. Pushkinsky 17. Frunzensky18. Tsentralny
|Legal jurisdiction||As per operations jurisdiction.|
|Primary governing body||MVD|
|Secondary governing body||Government of Saint Petersburg|
|Overviewed by||Government of Saint Petersburg|
|Headquarters||191015, Saint Petersburg, Suvorov Prospect, 50/52|
|Police officers||9,000 (2015)|
|Head of Internal Affairs of Saint Petersburg responsible||Sergey Umnov, Head of Saint Petersburg Police|
|Agency executive||Georgy Poltavshenko, Saint-Patersburg Governor|
|District Police Departments|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The Saint Petersburg Police (полиция Санкт-Петербурга) is known officially as the Main Administration for Internal Affairs of the City of St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Oblast (in Russian: Главное управление внутренних дел Санкт-Петербурга и Ленинградской области). It is one of the oldest police services in Russia and is considered one of the best police departments in the country outside Moscow. Sergey Umnov is the current police chief since February 10, 2012.
The Main Department of Internal Affairs is the Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast is the executive agency, part of the system of Internal Affairs of Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs, the police public safety is also subordinate to the Saint Petersburg Government and Leningrad Oblast Government.
The main responsibilities are the internal security, human rights and freedoms, suppression and detection of crime, and protection of public order. The Saint Petersburg City Police Commissioner is the head of the Saint Petersburg City Police Department, appointed by the governor of Saint Petersburg. The Commissioner is a policeman administrator appointed by the Governor of Saint Petersburg, after the approvement of the Saint Petersburg Legislative Assembly, by recommendation of the president of Russia. The Control over the activities of the police are carried out by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, the Governor, the Government of Saint Petersburg and the Saint Petersburg Legislative Assembly.
The police force was established in 1718, And it is considered as the oldest municipal police force in Russia.
- 1 History
- 2 Organization and structure
- 3 Police Commissioners
- 4 In popular culture
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The Saint Petersburg Police was established by Peter the Great in June 7, 1718 as the main police force in Saint Petersburg. Anton de Vieira was appointed as the first General "Polizmeister" – the city police commander. The Saint Petersburg Police was considered the best police department in Imperial Russia until 1917.
During the February Revolution of 1917 the Saint Petersburg Police remained loyal to the Czarist regime and a number were killed after the defection of the bulk of the city's army garrison.
Shortly after the overthrow of the Imperial regime the Saint Petersburg Police force was formal disbanded. Following the October Revolution a new Soviet police force was established under the title of Militsiya (militia). As part of the police reforms of March 2011 the designation of Politsiya was readopted.
Organization and structure
- Tourism Police (The St. Petersburg Tourist Police; туристическая полиция) was established in 2011 as a single law enforcement agency for crimes committed against tourists and is responsible for providing assistance to visitors to the city. The Tourist Police was given responsibility for undertaking these roles by the regional branch of the Russian Tourism Ministry.
- The River Police of St. Petersburg – The River Police of St. Petersburg (Речная полиция Санкт-Петербурга) was a unique law enforcement body that was responsible for supervision over the waters of the rivers in Saint Petersburg and the body was subordinate to the city police commissioner. The River Police force was established in 1866.
- Central Investigation Department (The Detective Police of St. Petersburg; Сыскная полиция Санкт-Петербурга) was established in 1714 and was the first of its kind in Russia. In 1880 the detective police was replaced with the Capital Department of the Okhrana. Since 1918, the function of investigating crime in the City has been performed by the Main Criminal Investigations Directorate.
- Aviation Diractorate
- Crime Scene Unit
- High-Crimes office
- Management of private security
- Department of Economic Security and Anti-Corruption
- Mounted Police
- OMON – Special Response Unit
- Directorate of accidents registration
- Office of the State Inspection of Road Safety (Traffic Police)
- Administration for the protection of public order and interaction with the executive authorities
- Press service and information center
- Cultural center
- Pension Service Center
- Professional training center
- Federal Migratory Police (Official Website)
District Police Departments
of the City of Saint Petersburg
|Appointer||Governor of Saint Petersburg|
|Term length||Five years
Renewable at Governor's pleasure
|Constituting instrument||Saint Petersburg Charter|
|Inaugural holder||Anton de Vieira (as Chief of St Petersburg Police)|
|Deputy||Deputy, Chief of Police|
The Saint Petersburg City Police Commissioner (Officially Head of Internal Affairs of Saint Petersburg) is the head of the Saint Petersburg City Police. The Commissioner is appointed by the Governor of Saint Petersburg, and serves at the Governor's pleasure. The Commissioner is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the department as well as the appointment of deputies and subordinate officers. The Commissioner is a policeman administrator appointed by the Governor of Saint Petersburg, after the approvement of the Saint Petersburg Legislative Assembly, by recommendation of the President of Russia. There is a separate position of Chief of Police, the holder of which serves as the Deputy to the Head of Internal Affairs.
The current Commissioner is Sergey Umnov, who was appointed by Governor Georgy Poltavchenko and took office on February 11, 2012. The longest serving Commissioner is Aleksander Sokolov who served for 10 years (1962–1972), under Mayors Vasily Isayev and Aleksandr Sizov.
Oberpolitzmeister of St. Petersburg
- Anton de Vieira (1718–1745), while being a mayor
- Christoph von Münnich (1731–1732)
- Vasily Saltykov (1732–1740)
- Fyodor Naumov (1740–1744)
- Alexei Tatischev (1745–1760)
- Nikolai Corff (1760–1766)
- Nikolai Chicherin (1764–1778)
- Dmitry Volkov (1778–1782)
- Nikita Riliev (1784–1794)
- Fyodor Trepov (1866–1873)
- Alexander Kozlov (1881–1882)
- Peter Gresser (1882–1883)
The Leningrad Militsiya commander
- Clement Voroshilov (1917–1918)
Head of Main Interior affairs Dept. of Saint Petersburg and Leningrad region
- Arkady Kramarev (1990–1994)
- Yuri Loskutov (1994–1996)
- Anatoly Ponidelko (1996–1998)
- Victor Vlasov (June 1998 – November 1999)
- Benjamin Petukhov (1999–2002)
- Mikhail Vanichkin (2002–2006)
- Vladislav Piotrovsky (2006–2011)
- Mikhail Sukhodolsky (2011–2012)
- Sergey Umnov (Since February 11, 2012)
In popular culture
In TV Series called Petersburg Gangsters (Бандитский Петербург), the plot tells the story of the criminal war between local criminals and the involvement of local police.
The TV Series Deadly Force (Убойная сила) starring Konstantin Khabensky is one of the most popular TV series about Saint Petersburg Police, which was screened on Channel One since 2000 til 2005, for 6 seasons and 57 episodes. Alongside this series, was another TV Show about local police called Streets of Broken Lights (Улицы разбитых фонарей) which was aired for 15 seasons and 433 episodes, from 1998 til 2014.
Another popular show about Petersburg Police was "Opera. Homicide's Chronicles" (Опера. Хроники убойного отдела) which aired first on Russia-1 on November 2004.
- Official Website
- Department for Road Safety of Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast (Saint Petersburg Traffic Police)
- Police Commissioner page on the Saint Petersburg Police website
- http://police-vyborg.ru/ Vyborg Police