Salvador Dalí Museum

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Salvador Dalí Museum
St. Pete Dali Museum03.jpg
The Salvador Dalí Museum features a spherical atrium at the entrance (2011)
Salvador Dalí Museum is located in Florida
Salvador Dalí Museum
Location within Florida
Established1982
LocationSt. Petersburg, Florida, US
Coordinates27°45′58″N 82°37′53″W / 27.7660°N 82.6315°W / 27.7660; -82.6315Coordinates: 27°45′58″N 82°37′53″W / 27.7660°N 82.6315°W / 27.7660; -82.6315
TypeArt museum
AccreditationAAM
ArchitectHOK
Websitethedali.org
Structural EngineerWalter P. Moore & Associates Inc.

The Salvador Dalí Museum is an art museum in St. Petersburg, Florida, United States, dedicated to the works of Salvador Dalí. It houses the largest collection of Dalí's works outside Europe, located on the downtown St. Petersburg waterfront by 5th Avenue Southeast, Bay Shore Drive, and Dan Wheldon Way.

Description[edit]

Interior view of entry atrium with spiral staircase

Reportedly costing over $30 million,[1] the surrealism-inspired museum structure[2] features a large glass entryway and skylight[3] made of 1.5-inch (38 mm) thick glass. Referred to as the "Enigma", the glass entryway is 75 feet (23 m) tall and encompasses a spiral staircase.[3] The remaining walls are composed of 18-inch (460 mm) thick concrete, designed to protect the collection from hurricanes which hit the region from time to time.[4]

The Museum is a member of the American Alliance of Museums (AAM)[5] and of the North American Reciprocal Museums program.[6]

The museum features a variety of different events for families to attend. Some events include performances, workshops, films, lectures, different types of fundraising, and food & drink events. Many previous events have allowed members to participate in handmade holiday card workshops where participants created their very own holiday card including a Dalí theme. In addition, there has been weekly poetry performances and lectures such as coffee with a curator, a presentation on a theme-oriented topic that discusses a variety of topics in relation to Dalí.[7]

History[edit]

The old Salvador Dalí Museum facility in St Petersburg
Salvador Dalí's signature as seen on the outside of the museum

Shortly before marrying in 1942, Reynolds and Eleanor Morse attended a Dalí retrospective at the Cleveland Museum of Art. Intrigued by the artist's subject matter, and impressed by his draftsmanship, they bought their first painting a year later. This purchase began a 40-year relationship as patrons and friends of Dalí that resulted in a comprehensive collection of original Dalí work.[8]

Until 1971, the Morses displayed their collection in their Cleveland, Ohio, home. When they loaned over 200 pieces to a Dalí retrospective in 1965,[citation needed] they realized that 25 years of curation had produced a unique collection that needed a permanent home.

In March 1971, with Salvador Dalí presiding over the opening, the Morses opened a museum adjacent to their office building in Beachwood, Ohio.[9] By the end of the decade, with an overwhelming number of visitors, the Morses decided to again move their collection.

After a drawn-out search which drew national attention, a marine warehouse in downtown St. Petersburg, Florida was rehabilitated and the museum opened on March 7, 1982,[9] where it remained until 2010.

In mid-2008, a new location for the Dali museum was announced. A new building was designed by Yann Weymouth of the architectural firm HOK and built by The Beck Group[10] under the leadership of then-CEO Henry C. Beck III. Located on the downtown waterfront next to the Mahaffey Theater, on the former site of the Bayfront Center, (an arena which had been demolished in 2004), the new, larger, and more storm-secure museum was opened on January 11, 2011.[citation needed]

On April 18, 2012, the AIA's Florida Chapter placed the building on its list of Florida Architecture: 100 Years. 100 Places.[11]

Artworks[edit]

Side view of the Salvador Dalí Museum

The museum's collection includes 96 oil paintings, over 100 watercolors and drawings, 1,300 graphics, photographs, sculptures, and objets d'art, plus an extensive archival library.[12] The Museum Library contains over 7,000 volumes, exhibition and sale catalogs, video, sound recordings, and special collections related to Dalí's life, Surrealism, and the Avant-garde. The library also holds the donated collection of Albert Field, a New York collector and Dalí archivist.[13] Recently,[when?] the museum opened a new exhibit named "Dali Lives", which uses artificial intelligence to help visitors to experience an interactive modern-day Dali.[14] Permanent collection displays are periodically rotated, and several temporary shows are mounted each year.

The museum is home to more masterpieces of Dalí than any other museum in the world, including the large-scale paintings The Hallucinogenic Toreador, The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus, The Ecumenical Council, Geopoliticus Child Watching the Birth of the New Man and The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory.

In addition to displaying the work of Dalí, the museum aims to educate the public and promote understanding, enjoyment, and scholarly examination of art through the exhibition of works by Dalí and artists of similar vision.[15]

With the exception of the Dalí Theater-Museum created by Dalí himself in his hometown of Figueres in Catalonia, the St. Petersburg Dalí Museum has the world's largest collections of Dalí's works.[16]

During the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, the Salvador Dalí Museum made their gallery available for viewing online.[17]

Temporary exhibits[edit]

The Dali Museum plans to host a "Van Gogh Alive" exhibit featuring proprietary Sensory4 technology that brings artworks of Vincent van Gogh to life using 3D images and surround sound. The first time a North American museum will host an exhibit of its kind, the show includes nearly 3000 of van Gogh's artworks in projections on the walls and floors of the Dali Museum.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adam, Georgina (2011). "Spanish royal seal of approval for Dalí's Florida Home". Art Newspaper. 20 (221): 16.
  2. ^ "Timeline". Salvador Dali Museum. Retrieved 2019-02-13.
  3. ^ a b Post, Nadine M. (5 January 2011). "Salvador Dalí Museum by HOK Opens This Month in Florida". Architectural record. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  4. ^ De Monchaux, Thomas (March 2011). "Truly Surreal". Architect. 100 (3): 72, 74–5.
  5. ^ "A Higher Standard: The Museum Accreditation Program" (PDF). aam-us.org. March 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2016-09-04.
  6. ^ "North American Reciprocal Museum (NARM) Program" (PDF). mintmuseum.org. June 15, 2012. Retrieved 2016-09-04.
  7. ^ https://thedali.org/events/category/lectures/
  8. ^ "An enduring friendship helped make the Salvador Dali Museum possible". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
  9. ^ a b Wach, Kenneth (1996). Salvador Dalí: masterpieces from the collection of the Salvador Dalí Museum. New York: Harry N. Abrams. pp. 6–7. ISBN 0-8109-3235-0.
  10. ^ "Salvador Dali Museum". The Beck Group. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  11. ^ Florida Architecture: 100 Years. 100 Places
  12. ^ "Permanent Collection Archives - Unparalleled collection of Salvador Dali art works". Unparalleled collection of Salvador Dali art works. Retrieved 2016-10-27.
  13. ^ "Museum Library". Salvador Dalí Museum. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  14. ^ https://ilovetheburg.com/the-dali-museums-newest-exhibit-brings-artificial-intelligence-to-the-burg/
  15. ^ "Dalí's Masterworks in Augmented Reality". Salvador Dalí Museum. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  16. ^ Remos, Ana B. "Dali Museum: The Best Kept Secret in Florida". azureazure.com. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
  17. ^ "Destination: The Dali". The Dali Museum. Hullfilm. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  18. ^ "St. Petersburg's Dali Museum will open multimedia 'Van Gogh Alive' exhibition in November". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2020-10-09.

External links[edit]