San Pedro Garza García
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|San Pedro Garza García|
|Nickname(s): San Pedro, Garza Garcia|
|Motto(s): Libertad con Orden y Justicia (Freedom with Order and Justice)|
|Founded||November 20, 1596|
|• Mayor||Mauricio Fernández Garza (PAN)|
|• City||69.4 km2 (26.8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||540 m (1,770 ft)|
|• Metro density||1,758/km2 (4,550/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central Standard Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)|
San Pedro Garza García (also known as San Pedro or Garza García) is a city-municipality of the Mexican state of Nuevo León and part of the Monterrey Metropolitan area. It is a contemporary commercial suburb of the larger metropolitan city of Monterrey between Puente de la Unidad and the Alfa Planetarium, including areas surrounding Calzada del Valle/Calzada San Pedro. Cerro de Chipinque and Chipinque Ecological Park  are notable aspects of the city. The city hosts the headquarters of corporations such as ALFA, Cemex, Gamesa, Vitro, Pyosa, Softtek The Home Depot México, and Cydsa. With a population of 121,977 (city) and 122,009 (municipality) at the 2005 census, it is the seventh-largest city and eighth-largest municipality in Nuevo León.
The municipality has an area of 69.4 km² (26.8 sq mi) and is almost entirely urban, lying adjacent to the southwest side of Monterrey. It sits in a valley surrounded by mountains; most notably La Loma Larga and Sierra Madre Oriental.
San Pedro Garza Garcia was founded in 1596. The land was converted into a large plantation called "Los Nogales", where crops like corn, wheat, beans, and many other foods were produced.
It was not until 1988 that the mayor at the time, Alejandro Chapa Salazar gave the city its current name, adding the reference to what it was called centuries before.
The city is home to the Catholic university, Universidad de Monterrey (UDEM), which offers bachelor's degree and master's degree programs. The Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM) has two of its graduate schools in San Pedro. The Escuela de Graduados en Administración y Dirección de Empresas (EGADE), ITSEM's Graduate School of Business, and the Escuela de Graduados en Administración y Política Pública (EGAP), the Graduate School of Politics and Public Administration. Both campuses are located in Valle Oriente. There are no public universities in San Pedro.
Primary and secondary education
San Pedro has 40 public pre-schools, elementary schools, middle schools, and high schools. The city also has 39 private schools. However, whereas public schools only offer one type of education (e.g. only middle school, or only elementary school), private schools offer multiple types (mostly K-9th and K-12). If counted individually by type of education offered, private schools function as 88 different schools, more than twice the number of public schools.
Some examples of notable private schools in San Pedro are the American Institute of Monterrey, Bachillerato Anáhuac Campus Monterrey, Centro de Educación y Cultura del Valle, S.C. (CECVAC), Colegio Inglés, Instituto Anglia, Instituto Brillamont, Instituto Irlandés, Instituto Mater, Instituto San Roberto, and Liceo de Monterrey.
- Maria L. de Hernández (1896–1986), Mexican-American rights activist, was born in San Pedro Garza García.
- José Antonio Fernández Carbajal, notable businessman
- Lorenzo Zambrano, notable businessman
San Pedro Garza García has one sister city.:
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- "Home Depot". Homedepot.com.mx. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- "Municipio de San Pedro Garza Garcia". Sanpedro.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- "Sistema Nacional de Información de Escuelas". Snie.sep.gob.mx. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
- "中南米の補習授業校一覧（平成25年4月15日現在）" (Archive). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Retrieved on May 10, 2014.
- Orozco, Cynthia E. "Hernandez, Maria L. de". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
- "Interactive City Directory". Sister-cities.org. Retrieved 2017-07-15.