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October 4, 1913|
Miraj, Bombay Presidency, British India
|Died||October 10, 2006
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Genres||Hindustani Classical, Khayal, Thumri, Bhajan, Abhang, etc.|
|Occupation(s)||Hindustani Classical vocalist|
Saraswati Rane (October 4, 1913 - October 10, 2006) was an Indian classical singer in the Hindustani Classical genre. She was a daughter of Ustad Abdul Karim Khan (1872–1937), the founder of Kirana Gharana. Her family had a long and great music tradition. She got her initial training of vocal music of the Kirana Gharana style from her elder brother Sureshbabu Mane and elder sister Hirabai Barodekar, who themselves were the doyen of Indian classical music of their times. Later she also sang along with elder sister, Hirabai Bododekar, especially in jugalbandi style.
Early life and training
Born on October 4, 1913 to Ustad Abdul Karim Khan (1872–1937), the founder of Kirana Gharana, and Tarabai Mane, as Sakina, she grew up in a musical household. After separating from her husband, Tarabai, her mother, renamed all her five children; hence Sakina became Kumari Saraswati Mane. She was initiated into music by her brother Sureshbabu Mane, later after 1930, she also started learning from her sister Hirabai Barodekar.
To enhance her musical knowledge she also got taleem (training) from ustads of different gharanas like the nephew of Alladiya Khan, Ustad Natthan Khan of Jaipur gharana, Prof. B. R. Deodhar and Pandit Master Krishnarao of Gwalior gharana.
Saraswatibai started her musical career at a very early age of seven years with stage acting in musical dramas like Sangeet Saubhadra, Sangeet Sanshaykallol, Sangeet Ekach Pyala etc. Right from a young age, i.e., since 1929, she started acting in major roles with great noted artists like Balgandharva and other in shows all over India.
In 1933, she started performing on Akashwani. She continued performing on All India Radio as a top grade artist until 1990, when she declared her retirement from public performances. She is amongst the few classical vocalists to have participated in many Radio Sangeet Sabhas from Kanyakumari to Peshawar (now in Pakistan) from the early 1940s to mid 1980s.
She was amongst the first female artists to give playback for Hindi and Marathi films. Her first playback was in Marathi film Payachi Dasi, directed by Acharya Atre. She remained in the field till 1954. Her song from the Hindi film Ramrajya..`Bina Madhur Madhur Kachu Bol’ reached the peak of popularity all over India, and she was awarded by HMV for the highest sale of gramophone records in those times.
Saraswatibai was invited to participate on the eve of first independence Day at Delhi. She was also invited to participate in a grand celebration at Shivneri on the first Maharashtra Din by the then chief minister Late Yashwantrao Chavan.
In the same period she became a very popular singer of Marathi light classical songs, popularly known as Bhav-geet, and her records got overwhelming response from all over Maharashtra.
She was among the few top artists of India who was invited in prestigious music conferences held in places like Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai, Baroda, Bhopal, Gwalior etc. She often performed at the PuneSawai Gandharva Music Festival.
Saraswatibai and her elder sister, Hirabai Barodekar were the first to start the concept of jugalbandi vocal recital by ladies. Their jugalbandi recital was appreciated all over the world and got an overwhelming response from 1965 to 1980.
Their jugalbandi (long playing) records and now cassettes are still in demand.
Though Saraswatibai was busy in her own professional career, whenever she found free time, she carried on the work of teaching classical music to talented students some of whom are well-known artists in this field. Her grand daughter Meena Faterpekar is one of the very few female classical vocalists from Kirana Gharana pursuing the same tradition.
She was married to Sunderrao Rane. She died on 10 October 2006.
Awards & recognition
Sarswatibai was awarded: 1. Balgandharva Purskar (Government of Maharashtra, 1966) 2. Balgandharva Gold Medal 3. ITC Sangeet Research Academy Award 4. Yeshwantrao Chavan Puraskar 5. Guru Mahatmya Puraskar (Maharashtra) 6. Ustad Faiyaz Ahmed Khan Memorial Trust (Kirana Gharana Award 1999)
- "Kirana Gharana".
- Wade, Bonnie C. (1994). Khyāl: creativity within North India's classical music tradition. Cambridge University Press Archive. p. 196. ISBN 0-521-25659-3.
- Misra, Susheela (2001). Among contemporary musicians. Harman Pub. House. pp. 90–91.
- "Sawai Gandharva festival postponed". The Times of India. October 25, 2009.
- Saraswati Rane, Discography and Biography at National University of Singapore
- Saraswati Rane on IMDb
- also see