|Junnar, Pune District, Maharashtra|
|Owner||Government of India|
Maratha Empire (1716-1820)
Company Raj (1820-1858)
British Raj (1858-1947)
Dominion of India (1947-1950)
Republic of India (1950-present)
Shivneri Fort (Marathi pronunciation: [ʃiʋneɾiː]) is a 17th-century military fortification located near Junnar in Pune district in Maharashtra, India. It is the birthplace of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj , the emperor and founder of Maratha Empire.
Shivneri is known to be a place of Buddhist dominion from the 1st century AD. Its caves, rock-cut architecture and water system indicate the presence of habitation since 1st century AD. Shivneri got its name as it was under the possession of the Yadavas of Devagiri. This fort was mainly used to guard the old trading route from Desh to the port city of Kalyan. The place passed on to the Bahmani Sultanate after the weakening of Delhi Sultanate during the 15th century and it then passed on to the Ahmadnagar Sultanate in the 16th century. In 1595, a Maratha chief named Maloji Bhonsle, the grandfather of Shivaji Bhosale, was enabled by the Ahmadnagar Sultan, Bahadur Nizam Shah and he gave him Shivneri and Chakan. Shivaji Maharaj was born at the fort on 19 February 1630 (some accounts place it 1627), and spent his childhood there. Inside the fort is a small temple dedicated to the goddess Shivai Devi, after whom Shivaji was named. The English traveller Fraze visited the fort in 1673 and found it invincible. According to his accounts, the fort was well-stocked to feed thousand families for seven years. The fort came under the control of the British Rule in 1820 after the Third Anglo-Maratha War.
Shivneri Fort is a hill fort having a triangular shape and has its entrance from the South-west side of the hill. Apart from the main gate there is an entrance to the fort from side called locally as the chain gate, where in one has to hold chains to climb up to the fort gate. The fort extends up to 1 mi (1.6 km) with seven spiral well-defended gates. There are mud walls all around the fort. Inside the fort, the major buildings are the prayer hall, a tomb and a mosque. There is an overhanging where executions took place. There are many gates structures protecting this fort. Mana Daravaja is one of the many gates of the fort. Its also called the origin of Tune.
At the centre of the fort is a water pond which is called 'Badami Talav', and to the south of this pond are statues of Jijabai and a young Shiva. In the fort there are two water springs, called Ganges and Yamuna, which have water throughout the year. Two kilometers away from this fort there are the Buddhist rock-cut caves, called Lenyadri caves, which is also one of Ashtavinayak temple in Maharashtra. It has been declared as a protected monument.
The nearest town Junnar is a taluka place and is well connected by road. Junnar is about 90 km from Pune. The fort is at about 2–3 km from the junnar town. It is easy to reach the fort top via main entrance, however the trekkers with proper climbing equipment can try the chain route which is located on the western scarp of the fort. From the top of the fort, Narayangad, Hadsar, Chavand and Nimgiri forts can easily be seen.
- Gunaji, Milind (2003). Offbeat tracks in Maharashtra. Popular Prakashan. p. 69. ISBN 81-7154-669-2. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
- Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Serial Nomination of Maratha Military Architecture in Maharashtra". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2021-06-26.
- "The Shivneri Fort Must Place To Visit In 2020 Complete Guide". Fort Trek. 2020-09-04. Retrieved 2020-09-20.
- Uncover the past-Shivneri fort:https://punemirror.indiatimes.com/entertainment/unwind/uncover-the-past/articleshow/69918368.cms
- Verma, Amrit. Forts of India. New Delhi: The Director, Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. pp. 93–95. ISBN 81-230-1002-8.
- "List of the protected monuments of Mumbai Circle district-wise" (PDF). Archived from the original on June 6, 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2015.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
- "Lenyadri Group of Caves, Junnar - Ticketed Monument - Archaeological Survey of India". 2009-04-10. Archived from the original on 2009-04-10. Retrieved 2021-02-14.
- Lahu Gaikwad Shivneri kilyacha Itihas Pub. Pushpnand prakashan pune 2011. ISBN 978-81-907033-8-3. Book in Marathi language.
- Lahu Gaikwad, Junnar Talukyatil Kilyancha Ithis, Pushpnand prakashan Pune 11 March 2011.ISBN 978-81-907033-9-0.
- Dr. Lahu Kacharu Shivnerichi Jeevangatha, The life-story of fort shivneri, Sanay prakashan, Narayngaon, Jan 2015. p. 225.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shivneri.|