Scouting and Guiding in Germany
Scouting in Germany started in 1909. After World War I, German Scouting became involved with the German Youth Movement, of which the Wandervogel was a part. Another group that, while short-lived, was influential on later German Scouting, was the Deutsche Jungenschaft vom 1.11.1929 founded by Eberhard Koebel; some specifics of German Scouting derive from Koebel's group. German Scouting flourished until 1934-35, when nearly all associations were closed and their members had to join the Hitler Youth. In West Germany and West Berlin, Scouting was reestablished after 1945, but it was banned in East Germany until 1990 in favor of the Thälmann Pioneers and the Free German Youth. Today it is present in all parts of the unified Federal Republic of Germany.
As mentioned above, today about 150 Scouting associations and federations exist in Germany. Most of them are coeducational, but there are also some single-gender organizations - boys-only as well as girls-only. The most important and/or largest associations and federations are:
- Ring deutscher Pfadfinderverbände (World Organization of the Scout Movement member), a federation of
- Ring Deutscher Pfadfinderinnenverbände (World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts member), a federation of
- Verband Deutscher Altpfadfindergilden, affiliated to International Scout and Guide Fellowship
- Deutscher Pfadfinderverband, a federation of 18 independent associations (interreligious, coeducational, 29,000 members); one of its members is also member of the World Federation of Independent Scouts:
- Pfadfinderbund Weltenbummler (interreligious, coeducational, 2,000 members)
- Christliche Pfadfinder Royal Rangers (Protestant, coeducational, 14,500 members); affiliated to Royal Rangers International
- Christliche Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder der Adventjugend (Adventist, coeducational, 10,000 members); affiliated to Pathfinders International;
- Ring junger Bünde, an umbrella organization of about 20 independent interreligious Scout and Wandervogel organizations with troops in Germany, Austria and Spain (mostly coeducational, estimated 6,000 members); among its members is
- Deutscher Pfadfinderbund (interreligious, coeducational, 3,000 members)
- Christliche Pfadfinderschaft Deutschlands (Protestant, coeducational, 4,000 members)
- Members of the Union Internationale des Guides et Scouts d'Europe:
International Scout and Guide units in Germany
A large number of international Scout and Guide units from different countries are active in Germany. Most of them developed on military bases, but there are also some at international schools or connected to diplomatic missions. The majority of international Scout and Guide groups dates back to the Allied occupation of Western Germany following World War II. The small remainder were started recently.
Among the foreign associations in Germany are
- the Boy Scouts of America with about 120 units, served by three districts of the Transatlantic Council (Barbarossa District, Charlemagne District, and Edelweiss District)
- the Girl Scouts of the USA with about 80 units, served by USA Girl Scouts Overseas—North Atlantic (NORAGS) and by USAGSO headquarters
- Girlguiding UK with about 60 units, served by British Guides in Foreign Countries/Germany County in five divisions (Lower Saxony Division, Westphalia Division, EMS Division, West Rhine Division, and Independent District of Munich)
- the Scout Association with 11 groups, served by British Scouts Western Europe, Germany District.
- Scouts Canada (1952–1994)
- Scouting Nederland
- Külföldi Magyar Cserkészszövetség - Hungarian Scout Association in Exteris
There are also other foreign Scout associations active in Germany, mostly with single troops (e.g. Organization of Russian Young Pathfinders, Plast), Scouts et Guides de France in Munich and Hebrew Scouts Movement in Israel in Berlin.
The Dansk Spejderkorps Sydslesvig offers Scouting to the Danish minority of Southern Schleswig in Schleswig-Holstein. It is affiliated to the Danish Det Danske Spejderkorps as well as to the German Bund der Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder and has about 700 members in 15 troops.
- "Erziehungsschwerpunkt: Empathie statt Egoismus-Pfadfindergemeinschaften in Deutschland" (in German). 3sat. 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-04. }
- "Inhalt" (in German). Deutsche Pfadfinderschaft Sankt Georg. 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-07.
- "Der Verband" (in German). Verband Christlicher Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder. 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-07.
- "Pfadfinden wird 100 Jahre jung" (PDF) (in German). Verband Christlicher Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder. 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-07.
- "Selbstdarstellung des DPV" (PDF) (in German). Deutscher Pfadfinderverband. Retrieved 2006-12-07.
- "Wir über uns" (in German). Royal Rangers Deutschland. Retrieved 2006-12-07.
- "Christliche Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder der Adventjugend" (PDF) (in German). CPA Reutlingen. Retrieved 2006-12-07.
- "Christliche Pfadfinderschaft Deutschlands" (in German). Christliche Pfadfinderschaft Deutschlands. Retrieved 2006-12-07.
- "Katholischer Fundamentalismus: Pfadfinder auf Abwegen" (in German). Westdeutscher Rundfunk. Archived from the original on September 27, 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-07.
- "Erascout" (in French). Scouts et Guides de France. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- "מפת שבטי התנועה בתנועת הצופים". תנועת הצופים. Retrieved 2015-12-28.
- pfadfindertreffpunkt.de - Forum with members in about 20 countries and 150 associations (German)
- Ring deutscher Pfadfinderverbände and Ring Deutscher Pfadfinderinnenverbände
- Deutsche Pfadfinderschaft Sankt Georg
- Deutscher Pfadfinderverband
- Christliche Pfadfinderschaft Royal Rangers
- Christliche Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder der Adventjugend
- Ring junger Bünde
- German Scout Wiki
- Christliche Pfadfinderschaft Deutschlands
- Katholische Pfadfinderschaft Europas