Serbian Hound

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Serbian Hound
Serbian Hound.JPG
Other namesSrpski Gonič (Српски гонич)
Balkan Hound
Balkanski Gonič (балкански гонич)
OriginSerbia
Traits
Height Dogs 46–56 cm (18–22 in)
Bitches 44–54 cm (17–21 in)
Weight ≈ 20 kg (44 lb)
Coat Short
Colour Red (fox coloured), from yellow red to a rust, with black mantle or saddle
Kennel club standards
FCI standard
Dog (domestic dog)

The Serbian Hound, Serbian: Srpski Gonič (Српски гонич), previously known as the Balkan Hound, Serbian: Balkanski Gonič (балкански гонич), is a breed of scent hound from Serbia.

Description[edit]

The Serbian Hound is a medium sized hound breed, the breed standard states dogs should stand between 46 and 56 centimetres (18 and 22 in) with bitches being slightly smaller, standing between 44 and 54 centimetres (17 and 21 in), and they typically weigh around 20 kilograms (44 lb).[1][2][3] The breed has a short, dense coat that is a distinctive reddish tan in colour, sometimes described as "fox coloured", with a large black saddle and black markings above the eyes.[4][5] They have a broad skull which narrows evenly to the nose and medium-length, hanging ears.[1][2] The breed's body is slightly longer than they are tall, they have a broad, straight back and a straight or slightly curved tail.[1][2]

The Serbian Hound is described as well-disciplined, energetic, tenacious and lively in nature, they both track game and capture it; when hunting they have a distinctive high-pitched voice.[1][2][4][5] The breed is known for its great stamina and ability to hunt over difficult terrain.[5]

History[edit]

There is a long tradition of hunting in South East Europe and the Serbian Hound is one of several regional hound (and horse) breeds that were bred to suit the hunting requirements of the region.[1] The Serbian Hound is a centuries old breed, it is believed to be a composite of hound breeds that were traded around the Mediterranean, with European and North African dogs contributing to its ancestry.[4] The Serbian Hound is traditionally kept as a pack hound, with its usual quarry being wild boar, deer, fox and hare.[4][5]

Previously known as the Balkan Hound, Balkanski Gonič (балкански гонич), in 1996 the Fédération Cynologique Internationale officially changed the breed's name to the Serbian Hound, Srpski Gonič (Српски гонич).[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Jones, Arthur F.; Hamilton, Ferelith (1971). The world encyclopedia of dogs. New York: Galahad Books. p. 314. ISBN 0-88365-302-8.
  2. ^ a b c d Fiorone, Fiorenzo (1973). The encyclopedia of dogs: the canine breeds. New York: Thomas Y. Cromwell Company. p. 261. ISBN 0-690-00056-1.
  3. ^ a b "FCI-Standard N° 150: Srpski Gonič (Serbian Hound)" (PDF). Fédération Cynologique Internationale. 5 May 2003. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d Alderton, David (1987). The dog: the most complete, illustrated, practical guide to dogs and their world. London: New Burlington Books. pp. 35–36. ISBN 0-948872-13-6.
  5. ^ a b c d Morris, Desmond (2001). Dogs: the ultimate dictionary of over 1,000 dog breeds. North Pomfret, VT: Trafalgar Square Publishing. p. 113. ISBN 1-57076-219-8.