Sezen Aksu

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Sezen Aksu
Sezen Aksu (Minik Serçe).jpg
Born
Fatma Sezen Yıldırım

(1954-07-13) 13 July 1954 (age 65)
Other namesSezen Seley
Educationİzmir Girls High School
Ege University (left)
Occupation
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • composer
  • producer
  • actress
Spouse(s)
Hasan Yüksektepe
(m. 1972; div. 1972)

Ali Engin Aksu
(m. 1974; div. 1978)

Sinan Özer
(m. 1981; div. 1983)

Ahmet Utlu
(m. 1993; div. 1997)
Children1 (with Sinan Özer)
Musical career
GenresPop
Years active1974–present
Labels
  • Hop
  • Kent
  • Kervan
  • Sembol
  • Fono
  • Coşkun
  • Foneks
  • Karma
  • Raks
  • PolyGram
  • Post
  • DMC
  • Seyhan
Associated actsOnno Tunç
Websitewww.sezenaksu.com.tr
Signature
Sezen Aksu signature.png

Sezen Aksu (Turkish pronunciation: [seˈzen ˈaksu]; born Fatma Sezen Yıldırım; 13 July 1954) is a Turkish pop music singer, songwriter and producer who has sold over 40 million albums worldwide.[1] Her nicknames include the "Queen of Turkish Pop"[2][3] and Minik Serçe ("Little Sparrow").

Aksu's influence on Turkish pop and world music has continued since her debut in 1975, and has been reinforced by her patronage of and collaboration with many other musicians, including Sertab Erener, Şebnem Ferah, Aşkın Nur Yengi, Hande Yener, Yıldız Tilbe, Işın Karaca, Seden Gürel, Harun Kolçak and Levent Yüksel.[4][5] Sezen Aksu is widely known as a successful songwriter. Her work with Tarkan resulted in continental hits like "Şımarık" and "Şıkıdım" and her collaboration with Goran Bregović widened her international audience. In 2010, NPR named her as one of the "50 Great Voices" of the world.[6]

Biography[edit]

Sezen Aksu was born in Sarayköy, Denizli, Turkey. Her father was a mathematics teacher.[7] Her family moved to Bergama when she was three years old and she spent her childhood and early youth there.[8] Aksu's parents discouraged her singing because they wanted her to have a steady profession as a doctor or engineer. She used to wait until they left the house and sing on the family's balcony.[9] After finishing high school, she began studying at the local agricultural institute, but left college to concentrate on music.

Along with her close friend Ajda Pekkan, Aksu is credited with laying the foundations of Turkish pop music in the 1970s.[10] Her sound has also spread across the Balkans[11] and Greece.[12] Aksu has also toured in Europe and the U.S to critical appraise.[13]

She has championed a variety of causes, including support for constitutional reform, minority rights, women's rights, the environment, and educational reform in Turkey.[2] Aksu has been married and divorced four times, but kept the name from her second marriage to Ali Engin Aksu, a doctor of geology who currently resides in Canada. She has a son with Sinan Özer, named Mithat Can, who is also a lead vocalist of Pist'on band.

Career[edit]

1975–1983: Early life and career beginnings[edit]

Sezen Aksu released her first single, Haydi Şansım/Gel Bana in 1975 under the name of "Sezen Seley".[14] However, she remained undiscovered until her 1976 single[15] Olmaz Olsun/Vurdumduymaz reached number one in the Turkish charts.[15] In 1976, Sezen Aksu won the "Promising Female Artist of the Year" award.[16] Her first album was 1978's Serçe, which earned her a famous nickname,[14] first penned by a Turkish journalist.

Aksu finally decided to represent Turkey at the Eurovision Song Contest in the mid-70s. However, even though she competed in the national finals for the competition three times, with Küçük Bir Aşk Masalı (A Little Love Tale) as a duet with Özdemir Erdoğan, "Heyamola" which was performed as a trio with Coşkun Demir and Ali Kocatepe, and 1945 which was a solo performance, she did not get the chance to represent Turkey abroad. It was to be left to her pupil, Sertab Erener, to win the Eurovision and realise Aksu's dream to push her musical vision further into Europe.

1980s[edit]

In the 80's, Aksu had a relationship with producer Onno Tunç that was both romantic and professional. As a couple they put their signatures to works that broke new ground in Turkish pop music, such as Sen Ağlama, Git, Sezen Aksu'88 and Sezen Aksu Söylüyor. Her music matured in the 90's, when she co-produced her best selling album to-date Gülümse with Tunç. The A-1 track from the album called Hadi Bakalım was a hit in Turkey and Europe, and was published as a single in Germany. It was to be later rediscovered in Europop by singer Loona as Rhythm of the Night. She also began to produce albums for her vocalists, notably producing Aşkın Nur Yengi's debut album Sevgiliye (To a Lover) again with Tunç. She was to repeat her success as a teacher with artists Sertab Erener and Levent Yüksel.

1990s–present[edit]

Parting ways with Tunç, in 1995, Aksu branched out with the experimental album Işık Doğudan Yükselir, drawing both on western classical and regional Turkish musical traditions. This album made her name known outside Turkey and gave her a worldwide audience, especially in Europe. In 1996, she released Düş Bahçeleri as a tribute to Tunç, who died that same year tragically when his private plane crashed. In 1997, she released Düğün ve Cenaze, this time collaborating with Goran Bregovic.

She returned to her roots with Adı Bende Saklı, which was released in 1998. She began to use experimental sounds and was once again pushing Turkish pop into the future. Aksu continued with this trend with her subsequent albums Deliveren, Şarkı Söylemek Lazım (which also featured former Sparks bassist Martin Gordon as engineer/mixer, who also was bass player on her subsequent European tour), and Yaz Bitmeden between the years 2000–2003. After a two-year hiatus, she returned with Bahane in 2005. That same year she released Kardelen, where all proceeds went to charity, and before the end of 2005 released a Bahane/Remixes double-CD album, which contained the original Bahane album in disc one and the remixes of songs in disc two.

Sezen Aksu's concert at Maltepe University, 2009.

In 2005, she was featured in Fatih Akın's documentary film "Crossing the Bridge: The Sound of Istanbul" with a performance of the song "İstanbul Hatırası". In 2006, Aksu published a book called Eksik Şiir, a collection of 197 songs written by her between 1975-2006. The book was well-received and sold 17,000 copies in the first 4 days after its release.[17][18] It was followed by Eksik Şiir İkinci Kitap in 2016.

In 2008, Aksu released her album called Deniz Yıldızı through Starfish Records. In 2009 she released her album Yürüyorum Düş Bahçelerinde. The album contains new original songs as well as some older songs which were composed by Sezen Aksu for other singers, most notably "Çakkıdı", "Kibir", "Yok Ki".

Nilüfer and Sezen Aksu in a concert in Cemil Topuzlu Open-Air Theatre, 2012

In 2010, Aksu was on the "50 Great Sounds" list set by the American NPR radio.[19] Sezen Aksu's concert with Fahir Atakoğlu in Stockholm, Sweden in April 2010 was attended by many Turkish and Swedish music lovers. After a 10-year break, "TurkofAmerica" and "GNL Entertainment" organized a series of concerts by Aksu in the USA, with the corporate sponsorship of the Washington-based Turkish Cultural Foundation.[20] The three concerts were held between 4-7 April at three different venues: Strathmore in Maryland, Carnegie Hall in New York, and Prudential Hall in New Jersey.[21] Atakoğlu also accompanied Aksu during her concerts in the USA. After performing well over the time allocated for her New Jersey concert, Aksu told the audience: "We have exceeded the [time] limits, the Americans have also set a record of patience, New Jersey will be like this tonight, I will not leave this scene until I make all of you happy".[22]

In 2011, Aksu bean producing music again and released the studio album Öptüm.[23] The album consists of songs written and composed by Aksu, including "Unuttun mu Beni", "Vay", "Aşka Şükrederim", "Ah Felek Yordun Beni", and also features a song written by Nazan Öncel titled "Ballı". Cemal Süreya's poem "Sayım" was turned by Aksu into a song and included in the album as well.[24]

At her concert in Volkswagen Arena Istanbul in January 2016, Aksu announced that she would retire from performing live on stage: "Each ending is a new beginning. I will continue to produce [music], but I'm going to say goodbye to the stage after doing a few concerts I promised before. This is my last concert in Istanbul. I'm grateful for having you here with me today in memory of 40 years of my career."[25] In September, she stated again that she would continue making music.[26]

Activism[edit]

Bust of Sezen Aksu in the Akat Artists' Park

Aksu is known for her sensitivity to social problems and events. In 2009 she refused to support Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's democratic initiative, and supported the settlement process in Turkey.[27] As a result journalist Hikmet Çetinkaya claimed that Aksu's father was a supporter of the Nur movement.[28][29] While some artists stood behind Aksu, some expressed that Aksu's behavior was unreasonable. In 2012, Aksu wrote the song "Tanrının Gözyaşları" (Tears of God) in memory of soldiers who had died during the Kurdish–Turkish conflict.[30][31]

About the young people who participated in the first days of the Gezi Park protests in 2013 she said: "This is the first youth revolution in the world. They have sent an extraordinary message and the people there and those who are coming to the streets are speaking their words with an extraordinary language."[32] In 2014, she again paid tribute to the young people who took part in the protests with her new single "Yeni ve Yeni Kalanlar".[33]

Aksu is keen to fight against issues such as misogyny, illiteracy, discrimination, bullying and homophobia. According to the LGBT magazine, KAOS GL, she is a major gay icon, with the Turkish LGBT community embracing her as a pop culture representative.[34] In 2002, alongside Ajda Pekkan and Seyyal Taner, Aksu was named as one of the gay icons admired by the Turkish LGBT people in the book Eşcinsel Erkekler by Murat Hocaoğlu.[34] In a survey conducted by KAOS GL,[35][36] she was chosen as one of the favorite gay icons by the participants. Aksu is praised by the LGBT community in Turkey[34] and publicly assists and supports LGBT people through charity work.[34][37] In 2008, she supported LGBT association Lambdaistanbul, which was closed by a court decision based on "the fact that it is contrary to general morality".[38] In 2013, Aksu performed with transsexual actress Ayta Sözeri on stage,[37] and later a huge rainbow flag symbolizing the LGBT movement was waved in the air, the first time that a Turkish artist had publicly shown support for LGBT on stage.[39][40] Later in 2013, she published a statement on her official website[41] in support of the SPOD (Social Policy Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation Studies Association) on its first anniversary.[42][43] In her statement, she mentioned Mesut Şaban Okan, nicknamed "İrem", who was a victim of hate crime in Bursa in 2010. Referencing Melek Okan's words about her child's death, who had said "They could not find a place for my child anywhere in the whole world!",[44] Aksu talked about violence against LGBT people and added that she would fight against violence and discrimination.

"'They could not find a place for my child anywhere in the whole world...'

Can any sentence be so concise, deep and painful? This sentence can only come from and fall out of a mother's or a father's mouths.

As long as my breath is sufficient enough, I will take a stand against this discrimination, this speciesism, this cruelty that ignores and destroys those who are not like them; I'll take the side of those whose right to live was blocked. With all my heart and hope..."

— Sezen Aksu (SPoD internet website, 11 October 2012)[45]

266854 Sezenaksu, a meteorite discovered in 2009, is named after the artist.[46]

Personal life[edit]

Sezen Aksu married Hasan Yüksektepe at a young age, and the two got divorced shortly afterwards. At the beginning of her professional life, she married Ali Engin Aksu, whose surname she adopted and later used. On 10 July 1981, Sezen Aksu married Sinan Özer while being pregnant with their child. The couple divorced in 1983. Her marriage to journalist Ahmet Utlu in 1993 was also short-lived and ended in divorce.[47]

Aside from her marriages, she was also romantically involved with composer Uzay Heparı.[48][49]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

  • 1977: Allahaısmarladık
  • 1978: Serçe (Sparrow)
  • 1980: Sevgilerimle (Sincerely)
  • 1981: Ağlamak Güzeldir
  • 1982: Firuze (Turquoise)
  • 1984: Sen Ağlama (Don't Cry)
  • 1986: Git (Go)
  • 1988: Sezen Aksu'88
  • 1989: Sezen Aksu Söylüyor (Sezen Aksu Sings)
  • 1991: Gülümse (Smile)
  • 1993: Deli Kızın Türküsü (Crazy Girl's Ballad)
  • 1995: Işık Doğudan Yükselir (Ex Oriente Lux - Light Rises From the East)[50]
  • 1996: Düş Bahçeleri (Dream Gardens)
  • 1997: Düğün ve Cenaze (Wedding and Funeral)
  • 1998: Adı Bende Saklı (Its Name Is Hidden In Me)
  • 2000: Deliveren (Crazymaker)
  • 2002: Şarkı Söylemek Lazım(Gotta Sing)
  • 2003: Yaz Bitmeden (Before The Summer Ends)
  • 2005: Bahane (Excuse)
  • 2005: Kardelen (Snowdrop)
  • 2008: Deniz Yıldızı (Starfish)
  • 2009: Yürüyorum Düş Bahçeleri'nde... (I'm Walking In The Dream Gardens...)
  • 2011: Öptüm (I Kissed)
  • 2017: Biraz Pop Biraz Sezen (A Little Pop A Little Sezen)
  • 2018: Demo

Remix albums[edit]

  • 1992 - Hadi Bakalım (Come On Now)
  • 1993 - Sude
  • 1997 - Cumartesi Türküsü
  • 1998 - Erkekler
  • 1999 - Sarı Odalar
  • 2001 - Remix Maxi Single
  • 2005 - Bahane Remixes (Excuse/Remixes)
  • 2011 - Öptüm Remix
  • 2013 - Kayıp Şehir
  • 2014 - Yeni ve Yeni Kalanlar
  • 2017 - Biraz Pop Biraz Sezen Remix

45s albums[edit]

  • 1975 - Haydi Şansım / Gel Bana (Come on My Luck/Come to Me)
  • 1976 - Olmaz Olsun / Seni Gidi Vurdum Duymaz (Wish It Never Happened/Insensitive)
  • 1976 - Kusura Bakma / Yaşanmamış Yıllar
  • 1977 - Kaybolan Yıllar / Neye Yarar
  • 1977 - Allahaısmarladık / Kaç Yıl Geçti
  • 1978 - Gölge Etme / Aşk
  • 1979 - Allahaşkına / Sensiz İçime Sinmiyor
  • 1979 - İlk Gün Gibi / Yalancı
  • 1983 - Heyamola

Filmography[edit]

  • Minik Serçe (The Little Sparrow) – (1979)
  • Büyük Yalnızlık (Great Solitude) – (1990)
  • Crossing The Bridge: The Sound of Istanbul – (2005)
  • The Ottoman Republic – (2008)

Musicals[edit]

  • Sezen Aksu Aile Gazinosu (Sezen Aksu Family Music Hall) – (1982)
  • Bin Yıl Önce Bin Yıl Sonra (1000 Years Before, 1000 Years Later) – (1986)

Books[edit]

  • Eksik Şiir (First issue: 9 September 2006 - Second issue: 11 May 2007)
  • Eksik Şiir İkinci Kitap (November 2016)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ CD Baby Archived 2006-05-02 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b "6moons.com - world music: Sezen Aksu "Sarki Söylemek Lazim "". 6moons.com. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Sezen Aksu – review". The Guardian. 21 October 2011.
  4. ^ "Qantara.de - Dialogue with the Islamic World". En.qantara.de. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Ferhat Göçer'in Aksu hakkındaki beyanatları". Sabah. Retrieved 3 September 2008.
  6. ^ "Sezen Aksu: The Voice Of Istanbul". NPR. 12 April 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Sezen Aksu: Laz'ın ağababasıyım". En Son Haber. 16 June 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
  8. ^ "Sezen Aksu biyografisi". Archived from the original on 17 March 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2008.
  9. ^ Grant, Neva (12 April 2010). "Sezen Aksu: The Voice Of Istanbul". Morning Edition(50 great voices). Retrieved 24 May 2011.
  10. ^ Aksu's expressive vocal technique, distinctive songwriting, and prolific output were all integral to her success and to the development of a unique Turkish pop sound. Many musicians--for example, Alexander Hacke and several of the artists he interviewed for the documentary Crossing the Bridge: The Sound of Istanbul--have acknowledged Sezen Aksu's broad influence.
  11. ^ "Goran Bregovic: Welcome to Bregovic". The Guardian. 21 July 2009.
  12. ^ With the Greek diaspora from Turkey in the seventies, many brought their musical tastes, which included Aksu's music to Greece; the Greek musicians Haris Alexiou and Giorgos Dalaras acknowledge her influence.
  13. ^ "Sezen Aksu". The Guardian. 19 June 2002.
  14. ^ a b "Biography of Sezen Aksu". kimkimdir.net. October 2008.
  15. ^ a b "Sezen Aksu hakkında". Sezen Aksu official. 2008.
  16. ^ "Best of 1976". Birzamanlar.net. Hey. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
  17. ^ Sezen Aksu'nın Eksik Şiiri rekor gidiyor NTV News
  18. ^ Eksik Şiir Daha Bitmedi Haberler
  19. ^ "50 Great Voices". NPR. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  20. ^ İsveç'te Sezen Aksu rüzgarı, sonraki durak ABD Radikal. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  21. ^ ABD'de Sezen Aksu heyecanı Milliyet. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  22. ^ Sezen Aksu ABD'de büyüledi Habertürk. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  23. ^ http://www.ntv.com.tr/turkiye/optum-sezen,s3kfYuu09EOYtYfZW16aSw 2011-05-15. Retrieved: 2011-05-15.
  24. ^ http://www.haberpan.com/haber/bir-album-RcR Published: 25 June 2011, Saturday, 04:29
  25. ^ http://www.ntv.com.tr/sanat/sezen-aksudan-hayranlarina-kotu-haber,7PJZreKk7024L_dNglOegw
  26. ^ "Sezen Aksu sahnelere geri dönüyor!". Milliyet. 11 September 2016.
  27. ^ "Renowned singer Aksu deplores ongoing bloodshed, calls for end to Kurdish issue". Today's Zaman. 18 July 2011. Archived from the original on 21 December 2015.
  28. ^ Sezen Aksu'dan Başbakan'a açılım telefonu Sabah newspaper
  29. ^ Sezen Aksu'dan Erdoğan'a tam destek Haber 7 news
  30. ^ "Sezen Aksu Şehitler İçin Yazdı..." Acunn. 7 September 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  31. ^ Sezen Aksu'dan operasyon karşıtı şiir En Son Haber
  32. ^ "Sezen Aksu'dan Başbakan'a mesaj". Hürriyet. 7 June 2013. Archived from the original on 15 February 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
  33. ^ "Sosyal medyadaki tartışmalara yönelik önemli düzeltme…". Sezen Aksu Official Website. Archived from the original on 15 February 2015. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  34. ^ a b c d Semra Kardeşoğlu (17 September 2002). "Gay'ler hangi şarkıcıları sever?". Milliyet. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  35. ^ "Kaos GL Dergi" Issue: 96, Page: 6-9, Kaos GL Türkiye’nin ’gey ikonu’nu seçiyor
  36. ^ Mevlüt Tezel. "Yeni gay ikonu". Hürriyet. Archived from the original on 7 January 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  37. ^ a b "Sezen Aksu'dan Gezi'ye ve eşcinsellere inadına destek!". metrosfer.com. 10 August 2013. Archived from the original on 23 October 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  38. ^ "Sezen'den Eşcinsellere Destek". Magazinhaberi. 15 July 2008. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
  39. ^ Onur Baştürk (22 July 2013). "'Tarkan ve Ajda olunca tamam, bana gelince tutum değişiyor!'". Hürriyet. Archived from the original on 26 December 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  40. ^ "İsmail Alacaoğlu". Kaos GL. 20 July 2013. Archived from the original on 29 November 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
  41. ^ "Sezen Aksu'dan mektup var". Hürriyet. 11 October 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  42. ^ "40 yıllık nasihat: Şarkı söylemek lazım". Radikal.com.tr. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  43. ^ "Sezen Aksu'dan LGBT bireylerin mücadelesine destek mesajı". Marksist. 11 October 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
  44. ^ "'İrem'in annesinden acı sözler". Posta. 9 December 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
  45. ^ "Sezen Aksu'dan LGBT'lere mektup var..." Sezen Aksu official website. 19 October 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  46. ^ "Jean Claude Merlin '266854 Sezenaksu'nun hikâyesini anlattı". Haberturk. 2 February 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  47. ^ "Sezen Aksu'nun yeni aşkı". Akşam. 5 September 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  48. ^ Onur Baştürk (1 September 2011). "Ortada masum bir sevişme var". Hürriyet. Archived from the original on 7 October 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  49. ^ "Sezen Aksu ile Yıldız Tilbe dargın mı?". Uzman TV. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  50. ^ Simon Broughton, Mark Ellingham, Richard Trillo World Music: Africa, Europe and the Middle East 1858286352 1999 p.410 "The release of this album made headline news in Turkey. Despite the hype, it is an intriguing CD, from the overblown orchestral opening (worked out with Onno Tune), to the intimate and sparse style which characterises all of her recent work."

External links[edit]