Map of Azerbaijan showing Shabuz Rayon
|• Executive power||Quliyev N.|
|• Total||836,58 km2 (32,301 sq mi)|
|• Density||0.26/km2 (0.67/sq mi)|
|Time zone||AZT (UTC+4)|
|Telephone code||(+994) 36|
Shahbuz (Azerbaijani: Şahbuz; also known as Dereshahbuz and Shakhbuz) is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Shahbuz district was established in August 8, 1930. In the north and east it is bordered by the Republic of Armenia. The area of district is 836.58 km2. There are 1 city, 1 settlement and 22 villages within the district. The administrative centre of the district is the Shahbuz town.
Covering 27 villages and plateaus of the Oyuqlucaqaya, Bazaryurd, Dərəbash, Qachdash, Nərkechi and Armudlu, the region of Dərəşahbuz was established in the XVI century and functioned up to 40th years of the XIX century. In the 1925, it was named Narimanov District in the administrative-territorial unit of Nakhchivan (it has covered 30 villages ). Since 1930, "Shahbuz" name has been restored. In 1963, the district was abolished and given to the Nakhchivan (Since 1978, Babak) region. Since 1965, it's an independent district. In 2007, settlement of Shahbuz, was given city status. In 2013, by decree of President of Azerbaijan Republic, Qarababa village was liquidated and added into the administrative territory of the city of Shahbuz. Population of the city is up to 5000.
Shahbuz district - located in the north of NAR. It's Mountainous area. Salvarti (3162m), Uchgardash (3156m), Kechaldagh (3115m) are the highest point. As well as the rest of the republic, here also flows many underground waters as badamli, batabat, caravansarai, bichanak and other mineral waters. Here, have sulfur, construction materials, peat deposits. There has the river Nakhchivanchay and its tributaries: Kuku, Shahbuz, Salvarti. Lakes - Ganligol and Batabat lakes. The mountains are heavily forested. The "Badamli" resort was built near the plant of the Badamli mineral water.
Etymology and history
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There are different versions of the etymology of the name of Shahbuz. At the historical sources, first time the name of "Shahbuz" can be found on the map which shows treasury of copper coins of the state of Eldiguzids and in the historical work of Sharaf ad-Din Ali Yazdi "Zafarnama", historian of Amir Timur. However, the facts show that Shahbuz territory is more ancient settlement. About the meaning of the name, there are different views at the folk etymology and research of the researchers as G. Geybullayev, M. Tahmasib, T. Hajiyev. The more appropriate to the truth is the conclusion of M. Tahmasib. The part "shah" of the word of "Shahbuz" is being processed as meaning of "high". The Scientist coordinates the second component of the word (bus // buz) of "Shahbuz" with the name of the tribe and it is presented as one of the Medes tribes. Turkic ethnic groups "Buzs" immortalized their names at some toponyms including at the name of Shahbuz. So it is likely that the first syllable of the word, the "shah" combined with the tribe name of "bus//buz", means "high places owned by the buzes". Also according to the researchers, the root of the word is associated with the ancient Turkic tribe "Bozuq". Here, the word of "shah" is described in meaning of big (big tribe). The toponyms with origin of "Boz" or "buz" are spread in other parts of the country - the villages of the "Yuxarı Buzqov" and "Aşağı Buzqov" in the Babek District, the settlement of the "Buzovna" in the Baku, the village of "Bozalqanlı" in the Tovuz District, the village of "Bozavand" in Agsu District, the village of Bozakhlar in Barda District and etc...
|#||The name of the municipality||The population for each municipality|
|1||The municipality of the settlement of Şahbuz||4507|
|2||The municipality of the village of Keçili||1663|
|3||The municipality of the village of Kolanı||1379|
|4||The municipality of the village of Kükü||1451|
|5||The municipality of the village of Şahbuzkənd||1187|
|6||The municipality of the village of Külüs||1169|
|7||The municipality of the village of Biçənək||1157|
|8||The municipality of the village of Badamlı||1078|
|9||The municipality of the village of Aşağı Qışlaq||904|
|10||The municipality of the village of Nursu||799|
|11||The municipality of the village of Mahmudoba||797|
|12||The municipality of the village of Qızıl Qışlaq||692|
|13||The municipality of the village of Sələsüz||588|
|14||The municipality of the settlement of Badamlı||582|
|15||The municipality of the village of Güney Qışlaq||545|
|16||The municipality of the village of Ayrınc||544|
|17||The municipality of the village of Yuxarı Qışlaq||516|
|18||The municipality of the village of Gömür||474|
|19||The municipality of the village of Ağbulaq||436|
|20||The municipality of the village of Türkeş||399|
|21||The municipality of the village of Daylaqlı||395|
|22||The municipality of the village of Mərəlik||215|
|23||The municipality of the village of Kiçikoba||171|
|24||The municipality of the village of Şada||161|
- Mammad Araz - (14.10.1933, Nursu, Shahbuz District – 01.12.2004, Baku, Azerbaijan) People's poet of Azerbaijan.
- Tagi Ahmedov - (01.02.1948, Güney Qışlaq, Shahbuz District) Chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party in Yasamal District and former chief of Baku Subway.
- Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. District of Shahbuz
- "Naxçıvan Ensiklopediyası" - 2 cilddə, II cild, Naxçıvan, 2005. ISBN 5-8066-1468-9
- AZƏRBAYCAN RESPUBLİKASI PREZİDENTİNİN SƏRƏNCAMI
- Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikasının Şahbuz rayonunun inzibati ərazi bölgüsündə qismən dəyişikliklər edilməsi haqqında Azərbaycan Respublikasının Qanunu
- Woods, John E. (April 1987). "The Rise of Tīmūrid Historiography". Journal of Near Eastern Studies 46 (2): 86, 99–101.
- Adil Bagirov: Nakhchivan: Toponyms about Nakhchivan in "Kitab-i Dede Qorqud". Baku: ANAS. 2013. p. 369.
- Yenidən qurulan rayon mərkəzi: Şahbuz
- Sahiba Budaqova: Political history of the Nakhchivan. Baku: Science and Education. 2014. p. 108.
- Tağı Əhmədov: "Kim nə istəyir, yazsın"