Sheikh Fazlul Haque Mani

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Sheikh Fazlul Haque Mani
শেখ ফজলুল হক মনি
Personal details
Born (1939-04-12)12 April 1939
Tungipara, Bengal, British India
Died 15 August 1975(1975-08-15) (aged 36)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Political party Founder of Bangladesh Awami Jubo League, Mujib Bahini, Chatra League,
Profession Politician, Writer, Journalist
Religion Islam
Military service
Allegiance Mujib Bahini
Service/branch Infantry
Rank Commander

Sheikh Fazlul Haque Mani (December 4, 1939 - August 15, 1975) was a Bangladeshi politician. He was the nephew of the founding father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, and the founder of Mujib Bahini[1] one of the major guerrilla forces of the Bangladesh Liberation War. He founded Jubo League the youth wing of Bangladesh Awami League.[2]

Early life[edit]

Sheikh Fazlul Haque Mani was born in dukdukgram village, Gopalganj District[citation needed]. He studied in Nabakumar Institution in Dhaka[citation needed]. Later, he studied at Jagannath College (HSC, 1958) and BM College (BA, 1960)[citation needed].

Political career[edit]

The founding chairman of gum League Shaheed Sheikh Fazlul Haque Moni was born on December 4, 1939 and later he served as general secretary of the then East Pakistan Chhatra League. His contribution to spearhead the historic student movement against autocratic ruler Ayub Khan’s military regime produced an immense effect. He played a pivotal role during the six-point movement in 1966. He was a student leader and general secretary of Student League.[3] In the first week of April 1971 he along with three other Awami League leaders escaped to Kolkata. The leaders were Tofael Ahmed, Abdur Razzak and Shirazul Alam Khan. They organized the Mukti Bahini in India to liberate Bangladesh.[4] Moni and P. N. Banerji then joint director of Research and Analysis Wing(east) set up the Mujib Bahini as a counterbalance to former East Pakistan army officers in the Mukti Bahini. Members of the Mujib Bahini would go on to form Jatiya Rakkhi Bahini.[5] He took part in the war of liberation in 1971 as the commander of Bangladesh Liberation Front. He initially supported the formation of a revolutionary council instead of an interim government which was against the wishes of Tajuddin Ahmed. He eventually had to give up on that and the interim government was formed.[6] He was considered part of the inner circle of President Sheikh Mujib and was seen loyal to him. This was the reason given for his assassination.[7] Sheikh Moni was the author of several novels, one of which was later made into a film “Obanchita”.

Journalism[edit]

Mani was the founder of the daily news paper "Dainik Banglar Bani".[8]

Death[edit]

Sheikh Fazlul Haque Mani, along with his wife Arzu Moni, was assassinated during the Assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in a military coup on August 15, 1975.[9] He lived two kilometers away from Sheikh Mujib in Dhanmondi. The attack on his house was witnesed by Mahfuz Anam editor of The Daily Star. His two sons - Sheikh Fazle Noor Taposh, now an Awami League lawmaker, and Sheikh Fazle Shams Parash, an acamedician by profession - survived the attack, as they were hiding under a bed. His wife who was thought to be pregnant was also killed.[10]

Taposh was three years and eight months old, while Parash was around five years.[citation needed]. Taposh was elected to the Jatiyo Sangsad in Bangladesh General Election, 2008 from the Dhaka-12 constituency.[11]

Criticism[edit]

Sheikh Fazlul Haque was given lucrative positions in the Government formed by Sheikh Mujib. When private trade with India was banned to slow inflation, Fazlul Haque engaged in it with Mujib's unofficial Blessings. He was seen as an attempt by Muib to form a dynasty.[12]

Legacy[edit]

Shahid Sheikh Moni Memorial International Chess Tournament which was held in Dhaka, Bangladesh in 2015 was named in his memory.[13] An auditorium in Gopalganj, Bangladesh was named after him.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staff Correspondent. "No justice yet in 3 other Aug 15 cases". thedailystar.net. The Daily Star. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Chittagong Bureau. "Juba League is the best political organisation for youths: Ashraf". bdnews24.com. bdnews24.com. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Choudhury, Abdul Mannan. "Memorable 7th June 1966". modernghana.com. MG Media Group. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Sengupta, Nitish (2011). Land of two rivers : a history of Bengal from the Mahabharata to Mujib. New Delhi: Penguin Books India. p. 556. ISBN 0143416782. 
  5. ^ Bhaumik, Subir (1996). Insurgent crossfire : North-East India (New Delhi [u.a.] : Lancer Publishers ed.). New Delhi: Lancer. p. 66. ISBN 1897829124. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  6. ^ Raghavan, Srinath (2013). 1971 : a global history of the creation of Bangladesh. [s.l.]: Harvard University Press. p. 66. ISBN 0674731298. 
  7. ^ Reveals Wikileaks. "Mujib survived killing attempt in May 1975". thedailystar.net. The Daily Star. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  8. ^ Ullah, Mahfuz (2002). Press under Mujib regime. Dhaka: Kakali Prokashani. p. 90. ISBN 9789844372894. 
  9. ^ Staff. "NATION IN MOURNING". thedailystar.net. The Daily Star. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  10. ^ Alam, Shafiq. "Bangladeshi MP gets birthday justice for parents' killing". telegraph.co.uk. Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  11. ^ Staff Correspondent. "Joy, at long last". thedailystar.net. The Daily Star. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  12. ^ Ahmed, Salahuddin (2003). Bangladesh : past and present. New Delhi: A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. p. 258. ISBN 9788176484695. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  13. ^ REPUBLICA. "Pak wins wheelchair cricket,Himal finishes fifth in B’desh". myrepublica.com. Nepal Republic Media. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  14. ^ Gopalganj Correspondent. "Shajahan Khan: BNP-Jamaat is killing people like the Pakistan Army". dhakatribune.com. Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 10 June 2015.