Bangladesh Chhatra League

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Bangladesh Chhatra League
বাংলাদেশ ছাত্রলীগ
President Saifur Rahman Sohag
Secretary General S.M. Jakir Hossain
Founded 4 January 1948
Mother party Bangladesh Awami League

Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL) (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ ছাত্রলীগ) formerly known as East Pakistan Student League is a students' political organisation in Bangladesh, founded by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on 4 January 1948. Currently it is working under Bangladesh Awami League.


When British India was partitioned and the independent dominions of India and Pakistan were created in 1947, the region of Bengal was divided along religious lines. The predominantly Muslim eastern half was designated East Pakistan — and made part of the newly independent state of Pakistan — while the predominantly Hindu western part became the Indian state of West Bengal.

Pakistan's history was marked by political instability and economic difficulties. Dominion status was rejected in 1956 in favor of an "Islamic Republic within the Commonwealth." Attempts at civilian political rule failed and the government imposed martial law between 1958 and 1962 and again between 1969 and 1971.

Soon after partition, frictions developed between East and West Pakistan, which were separated by more than 1,000 miles of Indian territory. East Pakistanis felt exploited by West Pakistan. Linguistic, cultural and ethnic differences contributed to the estrangement of East from West Pakistan. Bengalis strongly resisted attempts to impose Urdu as the country's sole official language. Responding to these grievances, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on 4 January 1948 formed a students' organization called the Chhatra League.

BCL, known as the East Pakistan Student League, formed on 4 January 1948. Naimuddin Ahmed became its first convener, Dabirul Islam became President and Khaleque Nawaz Khan became General Secretary. The League participated in the Bengali language movement, the 1962 "education commission" movement, the 1966 six point movement, and the 1969 "Egaro Dofa Andolon" (11 Point Movement).

The founder General Secretary of Chatra League Khaleque Nawaz Khan defeated incumbent Prime Minister of the then East Pakistan Nurul Amin in the Jukto Front election in 1954 in Nandail constituency of Mymensingh.

1971 War[edit]

During the 1971 Liberation War, the members of the Chhatra League were recruited into Mujib Bahini, an armed group trained by RAW, aimed at fighting against the leftist freedom fighters and to bar them from taking the lead in the war.[1] Mujib Bahini was accused of being involved in hooliganism and looting after the end of war.[2] The incident happened during the nationwide strike called by Bangladesion Nationalist Party. Dhaka Speedy Trial Tribunal-4 sentenced eight of the accused to death and awarded life sentences to 13 others in the case.[3]

Infighting Between Factions of BCL[edit]

Infighting and factionalism within the BCL is often violent.[4] February 2010, Faruk, a university student from the Awami League, was killed during a clash within different factions in Rajshahi. However, the Awami League blames all these attacks on the Islami Chhatra Shibir.[4]

Abu Bakar Murder[edit]

Abubakar Siddique was a brilliant student at Dhaka University from a very poor family. He was injured during a factional clash of Bangladesh Chhatra League at Sir AF Rahman Hall on February 2, 2010 and died at Dhaka Medical College Hospital the following day.[5][6]


On 2 February 2014, armed members of its unit in the University of Rajshahi are believed to have joined police in attacking students protesting fee hikes.[7]

Murder attempt of a college girl[edit]

On 3 October 2016 College girl Khadija Akter Nargis, a stdent of Sylhet Government Women’s College, who was stabbed by a Bangladesh Chhatra League leader of Shahjalal University of Science and Technology. [8][9][10][11] Hearing the screams of the victim, locals rescued Khadija and caught Badrul Alam and handed him over to the police after giving him a good thrashing.

Torture cell established by a BCL Leader[edit]

BCL Leader, Bashir Ullah from Comilla Victoria Government College turned his dormitory room into torture cell. He established this torture cell to torture anyone who don't agree with him. Among the tortured were general students, journalists, students from opposition student party, Bangladesh Chatro Dal and students from Bangladesh Chhatra League as well. Students who were tortured by him reported that he beat students with broken legs of benches. [12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ahmed, Taib; Islam, Khadimul (16 December 2014). "'Mujib Bahini didn't fight liberation war'". The New Age. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  2. ^ "AK Khandker sued for 'Mujib Bahini's looting' claim". The Daily Star. 10 September 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "Eight to die for Biswajit murder, 13 get life". 18 December 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Islam, Md Saidul (March 2011). "'Minority Islam' in Muslim Majority Bangladesh". Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs. 31 (1): 133–134. doi:10.1080/13602004.2011.556893. ISSN 1360-2004. 
  5. ^ Thedailystar. "DU probing Abubakar's death". Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
  6. ^ Wikileaks. "BANGLADESH- (UPDATE) DU student dies after BCL clash". Retrieved 17 September 2013. 
  7. ^ "RU closed sine die". The Daily Star. 2 February 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  8. ^ Prothom-alo. "Badrul confesses to attempting to murder Khadija". Retrieved 6 October 2016. 
  9. ^ Nayadiganta. "College girl stabbed by BCL leader in Sylhet shifted to DMCH". Retrieved 4 October 2016. 
  10. ^ Thedailystar. "Hacked student of Sylhet college in critical state". Retrieved 4 October 2016. 
  11. ^ "Sylhet college girl on life-support". Retrieved 4 October 2016. 
  12. ^ Molla, Mohiuddin. "BCL leader has 'torture cell' at Victoria College". Dhaka Tribune.