Bangladesh Chhatra League
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|Bangladesh Chhatra League
Logo of the organization
|President||Saifur Rahman Sohag|
|Secretary General||S.M. Jakir Hossain|
|Founded||January 4, 1948|
|Mother party||Bangladesh Awami League|
Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL) (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ ছাত্রলীগ) formerly known as East Pakistan Student League is a students' political organisation in Bangladesh, founded by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on January 4, 1948. Currently it is working under Bangladesh Awami League.
When British India was partitioned and the independent dominions of India and Pakistan were created in 1947, the region of Bengal was divided along religious lines. The predominantly Muslim eastern half was designated East Pakistan — and made part of the newly independent state of Pakistan — while the predominantly Hindu western part became the Indian state of West Bengal.
Pakistan's history was marked by political instability and economic difficulties. Dominion status was rejected in 1956 in favor of an "Islamic Republic within the Commonwealth." Attempts at civilian political rule failed and the government imposed martial law between 1958 and 1962 and again between 1969 and 1971.
Soon after partition, frictions developed between East and West Pakistan, which were separated by more than 1,000 miles of Indian territory. East Pakistanis felt exploited by West Pakistan. Linguistic, cultural and ethnic differences contributed to the estrangement of East from West Pakistan. Bengalis strongly resisted attempts to impose Urdu as the country's sole official language. Responding to these grievances, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on January 4, 1948 formed a students' organization called the Chhatra League.
BCL, known as the East Pakistan Student League, formed on January 4, 1948. Naimuddin Ahmed became its first convener, Dabirul Islam became President and Khaleque Nawaz Khan became General Secretary. The League participated in the Bengali language movement, the 1962 "education commission" movement, the 1966 six point movement, and the 1969 "Egaro Dofa Andolon" (11 Point Movement).
The founder General Secretary of Chatra League Khaleque Nawaz Khan defeated incumbent Prime Minister of the then East Pakistan Nurul Amin in the Jukto Front election in 1954 in Nandail constituency of Mymensingh.
During the 1971 Liberation War, the members of the Chhatra League were recruited into Mujib Bahini, an armed group trained by RAW, aimed at fighting against the leftist freedom fighters and to bar them from taking the lead in the war. Mujib Bahini was accused of being involved in hooliganism and looting after the end of war. The incident happened during the nationwide strike called by Bangladesion Nationalist Party. Dhaka Speedy Trial Tribunal-4 sentenced eight of the accused to death and awarded life sentences to 13 others in the case.
- Ahmed, Taib; Islam, Khadimul (December 16, 2014). "'Mujib Bahini didn't fight liberation war'". The New Age. Retrieved May 21, 2016.
- "AK Khandker sued for 'Mujib Bahini's looting' claim". The Daily Star. September 10, 2014. Retrieved May 21, 2016.
- "Eight to die for Biswajit murder, 13 get life". bdnews24.com. December 18, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2014.