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The Silent Generation is the demographic cohort following the G.I. Generation. There are no precise dates for when this generation starts or ends; demographers and researchers typically use starting dates ranging from the mid-to-late 1920s and ending dates ranging from the early-to-mid-1940s.
While there were many civil rights leaders, the "Silents" are called that because many focused on their careers rather than on activism, and people in it were largely encouraged to conform with social norms. Time magazine coined the term "Silent Generation" in a November 5, 1951 article entitled "The Younger Generation," and the term has remained ever since. The name was originally applied to people in the United States and Canada but has been applied as well to those in Western Europe, Australia and South America. It includes most of those who fought during the Korean War. In the United States, the generation was comparatively small because the financial insecurity of the 1930s and the war in the early 1940s caused people to have fewer children.
They have also been named the "Lucky Few" in the 2008 book The Lucky Few: Between the Greatest Generation and the Baby Boom, by Elwood D. Carlson PhD, the Charles B. Nam Professor in Sociology of Population at Florida State University.[why?]
The generation includes many political and civil rights leaders such as Elizabeth II, Martin Luther King, Jr., Malcolm X, Bernie Sanders, Robert F. Kennedy, Che Guevara, Ron Paul, Gloria Steinem, Margaret Thatcher writers and artists like Marilyn Monroe, Andy Warhol, Joan Baez, Gene Wilder, Clint Eastwood, Little Richard, Ray Charles, William Shatner, Johnny Cash, Stephen Sondheim, James Brown, Leonard Cohen, Miles Davis, Sammy Davis Jr., The Beatles, Bob Dylan, Frank Zappa, Quincy Jones, Sean Connery, Elvis Presley, Richard Pryor, Woody Allen, George Carlin and the Beat Generation, and intellectuals like Noam Chomsky and Richard Rorty.
- "The Younger Generation", Time, November 5, 1951
- "The Silent Generation, "The Lucky Few" (Part 3 of 7)". Forbes. 30 July 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- "The Silent Generation: Definition, Characteristics & Facts". Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- Carlson, Elwood (2008). The Lucky Few: Between the Greatest Generation and the Baby Boom. Springer Science + Business Media B.V. ISBN 978-1-4020-8540-6. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- Carlson, Elwood (2008). The Lucky Few: Between the Greatest Generation and the Baby Boom. Berlin: Springer Science and Business Media. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-4020-8540-6.
- Carlson, Elwood D. "FSU Faculty Bio". Florida State University. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
- TIME Magazine, The Younger Generation, 1951
- TIME Magazine, The Silent Generation Revisited, 1970
- The Silent Generation
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