Hew Whitefoord Dalrymple

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Sir Hew Dalrymple
Hew Whitefoord Dalrymple.jpg
Sir Hew Dalrymple, 1st Baronet, by John Jackson, 1831
Born 3 December 1750
Ayr, Scotland
Died 9 April 1830 (aged 79)
London, England
Buried at Aldenham, Hertfordshire
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Rank General
Commands held Northern District
Battles/wars Peninsular War

General Sir Hew Whitefoord Dalrymple, 1st Baronet (3 December 1750 – 9 April 1830) was a British Army general and Governor of Gibraltar.

Early life[edit]

Dalrymple was the only son of Captain John Dalrymple, of the 6th Dragoons, himself grandson of the first Viscount of Stair. Following his father's death in 1753, Dalrymple's mother remarried to Sir James Adolphus Oughton.[1]

Military career[edit]

Dalrymple was commissioned as an ensign into the 31st Regiment of Foot in 1763,[2] was promoted Lieutenant in 1766 and Captain in 1768. He took time out from the Army to study at Edinburgh University from 1767 to 1768.[2] Dalrymple was knighted in 1779 thanks to the influence of his family.

Lieutenant-Colonel of the 68th Foot in 1781, he was promoted to Colonel when he transferred to the 1st Foot Guards. In 1793 he commanded a composite battalion of grenadiers in Lake’s brigade under York in the Flanders Campaign, and saw action at Raismes 8 May, Famars 23 May, the Siege of Valenciennes 13 June – 28 July, and the Siege of Dunkirk 25 August – 10 September. He returned to Britain early in 1794 and was made Major-General on 3 October. In 1796 he was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey.[2] He became Colonel of the 81st Regiment of Foot (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers) in 1797, transferred to the 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot in 1798 and to the Green Howards in 1810.

On 1 January 1801 he was promoted Lieutenant-General and from 1802 to 1806 was General Officer Commanding Northern District.[2] In 1806 he was posted to Gibraltar to serve under Lt-General Fox. After Fox’s departure he was made Acting Governor of Gibraltar, replacing Gordon Drummond, November 1806– August 1808.

In 1808 he was appointed Commander of the Portuguese Expedition, landing on 22 August after Junot’s defeat at Vimiero to replace Wellesley & Burrard. He immediately halted Wellesley’s pursuit of the beaten French to Lisbon. Lacking either confidence or intelligence, or both, on 31 August Dalrymple signed a truce with Junot allowing him to return to France in British ships with all his weapons & men.[2] This infamous truce, known as the Convention of Cintra,[3] was denounced both in London and in Portugal.[2] Dalrymple sailed for home to face an enquiry 4 October, and never held a field command again.

Sir John Moore said he “was never able to determine on any point whatever”.[4] "Sir Hew, having never had the experience of command, seems quite at a loss how to work with the different heads of department; the troops suffer”.[5]

Made Colonel of the 57th (West Middlesex) Regiment in 1811, he was promoted General on 1 January 1812 through seniority. He was also made Governor of Blackness Castle in 1818.[2]

Miscellaneous[edit]

Family[edit]

In 1783 he married Frances, daughter of General Francis Leighton, and they went on to have two sons and three daughters.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, vol. 13, London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Dalrymple, Sir Hew Whitefoord. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  3. ^ Inquiry into the Convention of Sintra. Napoleon-series.org. Retrieved on 2012-06-03.
  4. ^ Moore, cited by SGP Ward, in Journal of Society for Army Historical Research, Vol LVIII No. 236 Winter 1980
  5. ^ Moore, cited in Parkinson Moore of Corunna p. 170 ISBN 0246107553

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
John Small
Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey
1796–1802
Succeeded by
Sir John Doyle
Preceded by
The Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh
GOC Northern District
1802–1806
Succeeded by
Sir David Dundas
Preceded by
Henry Fox
Governor of Gibraltar
(acting)

1806–1808
Succeeded by
Sir John Cradock
Preceded by
Gordon Forbes
Colonel of the 81st Regiment of Foot
1797–1798
Succeeded by
John Simcoe
Preceded by
Sir John Dalling
Colonel of the 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot
1798–1810
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Lockhart-Ross
Preceded by
Samuel Hulse
Colonel of the 19th (The 1st Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment of Foot
1810–1811
Succeeded by
Tomkyns Hilgrove Turner
Preceded by
The Lord Hutchinson
Colonel of the 57th (West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot
1811–1830
Succeeded by
Sir William Inglis
Preceded by
The Earl of Lindsey
Governor of Blackness Castle
1818–1830
Succeeded by
Frederick Augustus Wetherall
Baronetage of Nova Scotia
New creation Baronet
(of High Mark)
1815–1830
Succeeded by
Adolphus John Dalrymple