Song of Songs 7
|Song of Songs 7|
Capital from the Song of Solomon in Winchester Cathedral.
|Book||Song of Songs|
|Christian Bible part||Old Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||22|
Song of Songs 7 (abbreviated as Song 7) is the seventh chapter of the Song of Songs in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book is one of the Five Megillot, a collection of short books, together with Book of Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes and Esther, within the Ketuvim, the third and the last part of the Hebrew Bible. Jewish tradition views Solomon as the author of this book, and this attribution influences the acceptance of this book as a canonical text, although this is at present largely disputed. This chapter contains a descriptive poem by the man and the invitation of the woman for the man.
Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew are of the Masoretic Text, which includes the Codex Leningradensis (1008).[a] Some fragments containing parts of this chapter were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls: 4Q106 (4QCanta; 30 BCE-30 CE; extant verses 1-7).
There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BCE. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Sinaiticus (S; BHK: S; 4th century), and Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century).
Modern English Version (MEV) groups this chapter into:
Male: Third descriptive poem for the female (7:1-9; [Masoretic 7:2-10])
A voice, likely of the man, calling to the woman ("the Shulammite" in Song 6:13) to dance, then describing her body from toe to head in a poem or "waṣf" (verses 2-7), closing with a response indicating male desire (verses 8–9), which is followed perhaps by a ’female retort’ (verse 10) to round off this passage. This descriptive poem by the man still belongs to a long section concerning the desire and love in the country which continues until 8:4. The man's waṣf and the other ones (4:1-8; 5:10-16; 6:4-10) theologically demonstrate the heart of the Song that values the body as not evil but good even worthy of praise, and respects the body with an appreciative focus (rather than lurid). Hess notes that this reflects 'the fundamental value of God's creation as good and the human body as a key part of that creation, whether at the beginning (Genesis 1:26-28) or redeemed in the resurrection (1 Corinthians 15:42, 44)'.
- Your head crowns like Carmel,
- and your flowing hair is like purple;
- a king is held captive in the tresses.
- "Tresses" (KJV: "galleries"): from Hebrew: רהטים, , is only found here in the Bible. Marvin Pope describes how it may have developed from a root rhṭ (known from Aramaic in the sense of "to run") used in connection with water (cf. Genesis 30:38, 41: Exodus 2:16), here as "the coursing of water" evoking the idea of "flowing hair".
Female: Springtime and love (7:10–13; [Masoretic 7:11–14])
In this section, one song (or several songs) in a female voice, seductively invites the man to go outdoors where the woman will give herself to him (cf. 4:9-14). The invitation contains a play of words based on the man's previous expressions, such as “grape blossoms” in 7:12 is related to 2:11–13, or “to see if the vines had blossomed, if pomegranates bloomed” in 5:11–12 to 7:12.
- I am my beloved's, and his desire is toward me.
Although similar to the line in Song 2:16 and Song 6:3, here the mutual belonging to each other is not expressed, and instead, the woman refers to the previous expression of desire of the man to her, while confirming that she belongs to him ("I am my beloved's").
- The mandrakes give forth fragrance,
- and at our doors are all choice fruits,
- new as well as old,
- which I have laid up for you, my beloved.
- "Mandrake" in the ancient Near East is known "as an aid of fertility and as an aphodisiac" (Genesis 30:14–19).
- Halley 1965, p. 279.
- Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
- Brenner 2007, p. 429.
- Brenner 2007, p. 431.
- Würthwein 1995, pp. 36-37.
- P. W. Skehan (2003), "BIBLE (TEXTS)", New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2 (2nd ed.), Gale, pp. 355–362
- Ulrich, Eugene, ed. (2010). The Biblical Qumran Scrolls: Transcriptions and Textual Variants. Brill. p. 744. ISBN 9789004181830. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
- Dead sea scrolls - Song of Songs.
- Fitzmyer, Joseph A. (2008). A Guide to the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 42. ISBN 9780802862419. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
- Würthwein 1995, pp. 73-74.
- Hess 2005, p. 36.
- Hess 2005, p. 127.
- Song 7:5 MEV or Song 7:6 in Hebrew Bible
- Hebrew Text Analysis: Song of Solomon 7:5. Biblehub
- Longman 2001, p. 190.
- Pope, Marvin H. (1995) "Song of Songs", Yale University Press, p. 630; apud Longman 2001, p. 190.
- Assis 2009, p. 224.
- Song 7:10 KJV or Song 7:11 in Hebrew Bible
- Assis 2009, p. 223.
- Song 7:13 MEV or Song 7:14 in Hebrew Bible
- Assis 2009, p. 225.
- Coogan 2007, p. 967 Hebrew Bible.
- Assis, Elie (2009). Flashes of Fire: A Literary Analysis of the Song of Songs. T & T Clark. ISBN 9780567027641.
- Bergant, Dianne (2001). Cotter, David W.; Walsh, Jerome T.; Franke, Chris (eds.). The Songs of Songs. Berit Olam (The Everlasting Covenant): Studies In Hebrew Narrative And Poetry. Liturgical Press. ISBN 9780814650691.
- Brenner, Athalya (2007). "21. The Song of Solomon". In Barton, John; Muddiman, John (eds.). The Oxford Bible Commentary (first (paperback) ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 429–433. ISBN 978-0199277186. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
- Coogan, Michael David (2007). Coogan, Michael David; Brettler, Marc Zvi; Newsom, Carol Ann; Perkins, Pheme (eds.). The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books: New Revised Standard Version, Issue 48 (Augmented 3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195288810.
- Exum, J. Cheryl (2005). Songs of Songs: A Commentary. Old Testament library (reprint ed.). Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN 9780664221904.
- Halley, Henry H. (1965). Halley's Bible Handbook: an abbreviated Bible commentary (24th (revised) ed.). Zondervan Publishing House. ISBN 0-310-25720-4.
- Hess, Richard S. (2005). Songs of Songs. Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Series. Baker Academic. ISBN 9780801027123.
- Longman, Tremper (2001). Songs of Songs. The New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Volume 26. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 9780802825438.
- Jewish translations:
- Shir Hashirim - Song of Songs - Chapter 7 (Judaica Press) translation [with Rashi's commentary] at Chabad.org
- Christian translations:
- Online Bible at GospelHall.org (ESV, KJV, Darby, American Standard Version, Bible in Basic English)
- Song of Solomon Chapter 7 King James Version
- Song of Solomon public domain audiobook at LibriVox Various versions