South Korean legislative election, 2008
All 299 seats to the National Assembly of South Korea
150 seats needed for a majority
legislative districts majority
■ - GNP ■ - UDP ■ – LFP ■ – Pro-Park ■ - DLP ■ - CKP■ - Independent factions
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of Korea
Legislative elections were held in South Korea on April 9, 2008. The conservative Grand National Party won 153 of 299 seats while the main opposition United Democratic Party won 81 seats. This election marked the lowest-ever voter turnout of 46.0%.
Parties and Coalitions
As of April 9, 2008, there are six political parties represented in the 18th National Assembly of South Korea, in addition to independents:
- Grand National Party (한나라당, Hannara-dang), led by Kang Jae-seop. The current major conservative party within the National Assembly. (153 seats won)
- United Democratic Party (통합민주당, Tongham Minju-dang), led by Son Hak-gyu. The current major liberal party within the National Assembly. (81 seats won)
- United Democratic Party is now known as Democratic Party (민주당 Minju-dang).
- Liberty Forward Party (자유선진당, Jayu Seonjin-dang), led by Lee Hoi-chang. The Chungcheong Region-strongholder and current second conservative party within the National Assembly against the GNP. (18 seats won)
- Pro-Park Geun-hye Coalition (친박연대, Chin-bak Yeon-dae), led by Seo Cheong-won, although their inspirational leader is former GNP leader Park Geun-hye. A conservative coalition with Park Geun-hye within the National Assembly that broke away from the GNP after a dispute on the GNP's candidate nomination, which happened just before the election. (14 seats won)
- Democratic Labour Party (민주노동당, Minju Nodong-dang), led by Chun Young-se. A minor but the most progressive party within the 18th National Assembly, against both the Grand Nationals and Democrats. (5 seats won)
- Renewal of Korea Party (창조한국당, Changjo Hanguk-dang), led by Moon Kook-hyun. A minor but pro-environmental liberal party within the National Assembly, against the Grand Nationals. (3 seats won)
- (no seats) The New Progressive Party (진보신당) Jinbo Shin-dang), led by Sim Sang-jeong and Roh Hoe-chan, won 2.94% votes but not enough to gain any seats. The New Progressive Party split from the Democratic Labour Party as a reaction to nationalism after the 2007 presidential elections.
|United Democratic Party||C
|Grand National Party|
The national summary of votes and seats by party follow:
|Parties||Local seats||±||Block seats||±||Constituency votes||%||PR block votes||%||Total seats||±|
|Grand National Party (한나라당) (GNP)||131||+31||22||+1||7,478,776||43.45%||6,421,727||37.48%||153||+32|
|United Democratic Party2 (통합민주당) (UDP)||66||-63||15||-8||4,977,508||28.92%||4,313,645||25.17%||81||-71|
|Liberty Forward Party (자유선진당) (LFP)||14||+14||4||+4||984,751||5.72%||1,173,463||6.84%||18||+18|
|Pro-Park Coalition (친박연대) (PRO-PARK)||6||+6||8||+8||637,351||3.70%||2,258,750||13.18%||14||+14|
|Democratic Labor Party (민주노동당) (DLP)||2||±0||4||-4||583,665||3.39%||973,445||5.68%||5||-5|
|Creative Korea Party (창조한국당) (CKP)||1||+1||2||+2||72,803||0.42%||651,993||3.80%||3||+3|
|New Progressive Party (진보신당) (NPP)||0||±0||0||±0||229,500||1.33%||504,466||2.94%||0||±0|
|Conservative (GNP, LFP, PRO-PARK)||151||+51||34||+13||9,100,879||52.87%||9,853,940||57.50%||185||+64|
|Liberal (UDP, CKP)||67||-67||17||-10||5,050,311||29.34%||7,965,638||27.28%||84||-79|
|Progressive (DLP, NPP)||2||±0||4||-4||813,165||4.72%||1477911||8.62%||5||-5|
1Later changed to Future Hope Alliance.
2Later changed to Democratic Party.
Result by region