Southern Nazarene University
|Beulah Heights Academy and Bible School|
Oklahoma Holiness College
Oklahoma Nazarene College
Bethany Nazarene College
|Motto||"Character, Culture, Christ"|
|CCCU, NAICU, NCACS|
|President||J. Keith Newman|
|Campus||Suburban, 200 acres (0.81 km2)|
|Colors||Crimson and Gold|
|NCAA Division II – GAC|
The history of the institution is one of various mergers and, therefore, one of differing institutions. While SNU claims its founding date as 1899, that founding date refers to an institution that merged with what is now SNU: Texas Holiness University. As an Oklahoman institution, SNU dates back to 1906, with the founding of the Beulah Heights Academy and Bible School.
The roots of the original Southern Nazarene University are primarily in an orphanage of downtown Oklahoma City, founded by Miss Mattie Mallory. Mallory used her inheritance to buy property north of the city, which she named Beulah Heights, and relocated the orphanage there. Then, in 1906, the Beulah Heights Academy and Bible School opened. In 1909, the school was renamed Oklahoma Holiness College and new property was purchased to the west of Oklahoma City at Bethany. That same year the surrounding holiness community became Nazarene and, as its church base swelled, the school’s financial problems "proved less threatening than those at other institutions". The school eventually changed its name in 1918 to Oklahoma Nazarene College, when the first Nazarene Educational Regions were established.
When Peniel College merged with Oklahoma Nazarene College in 1920, the name changed to Bethany-Peniel College. Peniel was the first of four fellow Nazarene institutions that would be absorbed by the Oklahoma school. The second institution was Central Nazarene College, another Nazarene school in Texas, in 1929. Two years later, Arkansas Holiness College was absorbed by Bethany-Peniel. The last merger was Bresee Theological College, in 1940. As historian Timothy L. Smith wrote, "It eventually outdistanced and absorbed the schools at Hutchinson, Kansas, Peniel and Hamlin, Texas, Vilonia, Arkansas, and Des Arc, Missouri. Bethany became the Nazarene center for the whole Southwest."
In 1955, the name changed again from Bethany-Peniel College to Bethany Nazarene College (BNC) to avoid confusion with the term "penal" or "penal colony", and again in 1986, from Bethany Nazarene College to Southern Nazarene University (SNU).
SNU is one of eight regional U.S. liberal arts colleges affiliated with the Church of the Nazarene. SNU represents the "South Central Region". In terms of the Church of the Nazarene, the "South Central Region" comprises the Oklahoma, Northeast Oklahoma, Southwest Oklahoma, Texas-Oklahoma Latino, West Texas, South Texas, Dallas, North Arkansas, South Arkansas, and Louisiana districts, which include Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. Each college receives financial backing from the Nazarene churches on its region; part of each church budget is paid into a fund for its regional school. Each college or university is also bound by a gentlemen's agreement not to actively recruit outside its respective "educational region".
Southern Nazarene is a member of the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU) and the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities (NAICU). SNU has also been accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools since 1956.
SNU provides students undergraduate degree options in several different fields of interest. It also offers three graduate degrees and seven professional programs for adults. Southern Nazarene is an open admissions college, meaning that all who apply with a high school diploma are accepted without regard to course grades or standardized test scores; the 2007 acceptance rate for students who applied to the college was 47 percent.
AAUP censure list
SNU was placed on the list in 1987 after eight faculty members were irregularly terminated in 1986. Discrepancies in the reasons for their termination led the AAUP to investigate: the initial reason given was that of financial difficulty on the part of the institution, due to a decline in student retention and the resulting drop in enrollment, while the reason given later was one of unspecified performance deficiencies in the terminated faculty members. SNU eventually offered some of the terminated faculty members monetary compensation but remained on the list for 18 years, until its administration had drafted academic tenure procedures that met AAUP standards. In 2005, the American Association of University Professors took SNU off its censure list.
A report released in April 2008 found that, of the U.S. institutions surveyed based on data provided under the 1990 Student Right-to-Know Act, SNU had the 17th-largest gap between the average graduation rate for white students and the average graduation rate for black students. White students had an average graduation rate of 50 percent, 7 points below the national average for all students, while black students at SNU were found to have an average graduation rate of 14 percent, 35 points below their white peers. 11 percent of the student population at SNU is black.
In a separate report issued in 2009 by the American Enterprise Institute, SNU was found to have the 8th-highest graduation rate among noncompetitive institutions in the U.S., with an average graduation rate of 54 percent. Noncompetitive institutions were defined in the report as institutions that "require only evidence of graduation from an accredited high school" for admission.
There were 2,090 students at SNU in 2007, 1,656 of whom were undergraduates. SNU provides on-campus apartments and various dormitories. All students under the age of 22 must live on-campus, although exceptions are made for local students living with families. The housing options include Bracken Hall and Chapman Apartments for upperclassmen,
As at most Christian colleges, there is an emphasis on spiritual development at SNU. The Office of Spiritual Development is presided over by a Vice President (VP) of Spiritual Development and Chapel services take place each Tuesday and Thursday in Herrick Auditorium. Students are required to go to 25 of 30 chapels offered. There are also alternative chapel credit opportunities available to students: small groups, a student led testimony service, and community service. Chapel speakers and musical groups are arranged by the VP of Spiritual Development. The Office of Spiritual Development work with the SGA Campus Ministries leaders to provide special class chapels and spiritual life retreats.
The Student Government Association (SGA) coordinates events and services for students. The SGA is broken up into four councils executives: Campus Ministries, Athletic Relations, Publicity, Social Life, Finance, and Presidents, along with the editors for the two SNU publications the campus newspaper, The Echo, formerly The Reveille Echo, and the campus yearbook, The Arrow. Each SGA "exec", preside over sub-councils and have a representative on the class level. The SGA councils are responsible for hosting school activities, including the SNL (Southern Nazarene Live) talent contest, T.W.I.R.P., Heart-Pal Banquet, Junior-Senior Banquet, class chapels, and class parties.
The motto of SNU is "Character, Culture, Christ". This was first used in 1931 in a student publication called The Reflector. In 1948, under the presidency of Roy H. Cantrell the motto was officially revised and adopted by the staff. This change is detailed in this excerpt from Dr. Cantrell's thesis The History of Bethany Nazarene College : "Character...Culture...Christ. These three words have ever been basic in the program and in the administration of Bethany-Peniel College. The noble founders of this college and their successors have consistently maintained that sound moral CHARACTER is the most insistent need in the world of men, that true CULTURE makes such moral character attractive and effective, and that the transforming power of CHRIST and the refining operation of the Spirit are indispensable in the building of the truest manhood and womanhood. This standard has ever required that the students in this college be provided with the best in educational procedure and the finest in spiritual atmosphere."
The lyrics for SNU's current Alma Mater were written by a committee in 1940. This committee was composed of Alice Crill, Hoyle Thomas, Marjorie Crooks, Kyle Crist, Dave McKibbon, and Madge Posey. The lyrics were revised by J. Michael Crabtree, Class of 1972, in 1986 to reflect the university's name change from Bethany Nazarene College to Southern Nazarene University. The tune used to accompany the lyrics is Annie Lisle, an 1857 ballad composed by H.S. Thompson.
SNU is a member of the Great American Conference (GAC), in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)'s Division II level. SNU offers 17 sports for men and women: baseball, basketball, cross-country, football, golf, indoor track, soccer, tennis, track and field, softball, and volleyball. SNU also competes in cheerleading. There are five facilities and sites for athletic competition and training, including the Sawyer Center (1998) for basketball, volleyball, indoor track, commencement, and other ceremonies, McFarland Park Stadium (2001) for football, the Claud & Betty Cypert Athletic Complex (2000) for baseball and softball, the Wanda Rhodes Soccer Complex (1978), and the tennis courts (1985).
Southern Nazarene University also has an equestrian center where students can learn the basics of horsemanship or move into more specialized fields of study. The SNU Equestrian Center is "committed to furthering the education of men and women looking for a career in the Equine Industry", which they do by offering classes like Equine Anatomy, Introduction to Equine Studies, and Introduction to Equine Reproduction. Additionally, the SNU Equestrian Center offers students the opportunity to try out for the Equestrian Team. Both English and Western riders can try out, and those who make the team participate in events sponsored by the Intercollegiate Horse Show Association
The mascot has been the "Thunder Cat" since 2003, the colors are crimson and white, and the athletic nickname is the Crimson Storm. Until 1999, the nickname was the Redskins, but SNU officials adopted the Crimson Storm as a response to concerns that the term "Redskins" as an athletic mascot was derogatory to Native Americans. The athletics program at SNU began in 1964, when it was still known as BNC, with the creation of a men's basketball team.
- Robert Hale (Class of 1955), American bass-baritone opera singer.
- Gary Hart (Class of 1958), former United States Senator from Colorado (1975-1987), and former U.S. Presidential candidate.
- Talmadge Johnson (Class of 1958), general superintendent emeritus, and former Nazarene general superintendents.
- J. K. Warrick (Class of 1968), general superintendent emeritus, and former Nazarene general superintendents.
- Boyd Matson (Class of 1969), an adventurer, and journalist.
- Lupe Valdez (Class of 1970), sheriff of Dallas County, Texas, and the 2018 Democratic nominee for Governor of Texas.
- Jerry D. Porter (Class of 1971), general superintendent emeritus, and former Nazarene general superintendents.
- Vince Snowbarger (Class of 1971), former member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kansas (1997-1999), and Deputy Director of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.
- Linda N. Hanson (Class of 1972), was the 19th president of Hamline University (2005-2015).
- Kenny Marchant (Class of 1973), is currently a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas.
- Howard Hendrick (Class of 1977), is a former Oklahoma Senator (1987-1998), and Oklahoma Secretary of Human Services (2003-2011).
- Angelo Cruz (Class of 1985), was a professional basketball player who played for the Puerto Rican national basketball team.
- David Busic (Class of 1988), the 40th general superintendent of the Church of the Nazarene.
- Toby Rowland (Class of 1995), play-by-play Voice of the Oklahoma Sooners.
- Ryan Daniel Dobson (Class of 2003), is an American writer, actor, photographer and director.
- USNews & World Report Guide to Best Colleges: Southern Nazarene University
- Southern Nazarene University Visual Standards Guide (PDF). Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- "Why These Schools? Historical Perspectives on Nazarene Higher Education," by Stan Ingersol Archived June 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Ingersol treats each of these institutions separately in his historical overview of the Nazarene schools.
- Raser, Harold E.; Thomas C. Hunt, James C. Carper, eds. (1996). Religious Higher Education in the United States. Taylor & Francis. p. 550. ISBN 0-8153-1636-4.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
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- HLC of NAC: SNU profile. Changed after the re-arrangement of educational regions in the late 1960s, but reflects neither locale nor regional affiliation. Trevecca is the Nazarene college for the traditional American "South" and, by U.S. News & World Report's definition, SNU is located in the "West".
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- Equestrian Team.
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- Murray Evans, "A Storm on the Horizon: SNU Changes Nickname, Mascot", The Oklahoman, April 22, 1998.
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