Spring Hill, Tennessee

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Spring Hill, Tennessee
City of Spring Hill
Spring Hill City Hall, December 2013.
Spring Hill City Hall, December 2013.
Flag of Spring Hill, Tennessee
Flag
Motto(s): 
"A blend of Commerce, History and Country Living"[1]
Location of Spring Hill in Williamson And Maury County Tennessee.
Location of Spring Hill in Williamson And Maury County Tennessee.
Coordinates: 35°45′9″N 86°54′50″W / 35.75250°N 86.91389°W / 35.75250; -86.91389Coordinates: 35°45′9″N 86°54′50″W / 35.75250°N 86.91389°W / 35.75250; -86.91389
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountiesWilliamson, Maury
City1808
Government
 • TypeCity
 • MayorRick Graham[2]
Area
 • Total26.83 sq mi (69.50 km2)
 • Land26.79 sq mi (69.38 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (0.12 km2)
Elevation
751 ft (229 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total29,036
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
43,769
 • Density1,634.03/sq mi (630.89/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
37174
Area code(s)931 615
FIPS code47-70580[5]
GNIS feature ID1303764[6]
Websitewww.springhilltn.org

Spring Hill is a city in Maury and Williamson counties, Tennessee, located approximately 30 miles (48 km) south of Nashville. Spring Hill's population as of 2019 was 43,769.[7] Spring Hill is included in the Nashville metropolitan area.

History[edit]

The first settlers of Spring Hill arrived in 1808 and the city was established in 1809.[8] Albert Russell was the first person to build a home on the land that became Spring Hill.

Spring Hill was the site of a Civil War battle, now known as the Battle of Spring Hill, on November 29, 1864.

Later, Spring Hill was the home of a preparatory school, Branham and Hughes Military Academy, the campus of which now serves as the main campus of Tennessee Children's Home, a ministry associated with the Churches of Christ.

Recent growth[edit]

As the Nashville metro area continues to grow, Spring Hill has seen rapid growth in recent years with a population of 23,462 in 2007, a 2010 census population of 29,036 and a population of 31,140 in 2012.[9][10] In 2018, Spring Hill officially hit 40,000 residents.[11]

In November, 2015, the Spring Hill Board of Mayor and Aldermen approved the ‘Spring Hill Rising: 2040’ comprehensive plan. The plan outlines the city's long-term development vision and ways to accomplish that vision.[12] In 2016, the city hired Chicago-based planning and zoning consultant, Camiros Ltd, to oversee the creation of a new zoning code to implement the vision described in ‘Spring Hill Rising: 2040’.[13]

Geography[edit]

Spring Hill is located at 35°45′9″N 86°54′50″W / 35.75250°N 86.91389°W / 35.75250; -86.91389 (35.752556, -86.914021).[14]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.7 square miles (45.9 km2), of which 17.7 square miles (45.9 km2) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1 km2) (0.17%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880400
1910695
1920403−42.0%
19304163.2%
194054330.5%
1950541−0.4%
196068927.4%
1970685−0.6%
198098944.4%
19901,46448.0%
20007,715427.0%
201029,036276.4%
2019 (est.)43,769[4]50.7%
Sources:[15][16]

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census,[17] there were 29,036 people, 9,861 households, and 7,884 families living in the city. The population density was 1,640.45 persons per square mile and the housing unit density was 557.12 units per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.14% White, 5.39% Black or African American, 1.64% Asian, 0.24% Native American, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, and 1.90% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origins were 5.65% of the population.

Of the 9,861 households, 50.34% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 67.26% were married couples living together, 2.80% had a male householder with no wife present, 9.89% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.05% were non-families. 16.49% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.26% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.33.

Of the 29,036 residents, 33.89% were under the age of 18, 61.08% were between the ages of 18 and 64, and 5.02% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.9 years. 51.46% of the residents were female, and 48.54% were male.

The median household income in the city was $72,744 and the median family income was $78,125. Males had a median income of $54,905 versus $42,216 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,709. About 2.8% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under the age of 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 and over.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[6] there were 7,715 people, 2,634 households and 2,159 families living in the city. The population density was 435.6 people per square mile (168.2/km2). There were 2,819 housing units at an average density of 159.2 per square mile (61.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.33% White, 7.80% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.81% from other races and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.98% of the population.

There were 2,634 households, out of which 50.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.3% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present and 18.0% were non-families. 14.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 32.8% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 42.0% from 25 to 44, 15.2% from 45 to 64 and 3.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $60,872 and the median income for a family was $62,643. Males had a median income of $50,819 versus $29,821 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,688. About 3.1% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Spring Hill was the site of the Saturn Corporation production facility, which operated from 1990 to 2007. The Saturn S-Series, Saturn ION, and Saturn VUE were produced there. In 2007, General Motors Corporation (GM), the parent company of Saturn, shut down the facility to retool it for production of other GM vehicles and renamed it Spring Hill Manufacturing. The plant reopened in February 2008 and became the assembly point for the new Chevrolet Traverse. However, after a battle among plants in Spring Hill, Orion Township, Michigan and Janesville, Wisconsin, GM announced on June 26, 2009 that they had chosen to build a new small car in Orion Township.[18] Nearly 2,500 Spring Hill auto workers were faced with lay-off, buy-out and early retirement.[19] The vehicle assembly part of the Spring Hill plant was idled in late 2009 when production of the Traverse was moved to Lansing, Michigan, while production of power trains and metal stamping continued.[20][21][22] In November 2011, GM announced plans for retooling of the vehicle assembly portion of the plant for use as an "ultra-flexible" plant which will initially be used to build the Chevy Equinox and GMC Terrain but will be designed for rapid retooling to other vehicles of similar size.[23][24][25]

Spring Hill has gone through rapid development and growth in recent years, causing General Motors to reopen their auto plant and begin hiring locally again, which will hire 1,000 new people.[26] In addition, companies such as Ryder and Goodwill have announced new facilities in the Spring Hill area.

Government[edit]

Spring Hill is run by a mayor elected at-large and a board of eight alderman.[27]

Education[edit]

The city is served by both Maury County Public Schools and the Williamson County School District.

Schools in Maury County[edit]

  • Columbia Academy (Private)
  • Marvin Wright Elementary School (Public)
  • Spring Hill Elementary School (Public)
  • Spring Hill High School (Public)
  • Spring Hill Middle School (Public)
  • Zion Christian Academy (Private)

Schools in Williamson County[edit]

  • Allendale Elementary (Public)
  • Bethesda Elementary (Public)
  • Chapmans Retreat Elementary (Public)
  • Heritage Elementary (Public)
  • Heritage Middle (Public)
  • Hillsboro Elementary/Middle (Public)
  • Longview Elementary (Public)
  • Spring Hill Academy (Private)
  • Spring Station Middle (Public)
  • Summit High (Public)

Infrastructure[edit]

Interstate 65 passes through the eastern part of the city, but the only exit currently within city limits is State Route 396. An interchange on the north side of the city at an extended Buckner Road is scheduled to open in 2024.[28] State Route 396, known locally as Saturn Parkway, provides an east-west freeway connection into the city with two exits before terminating at Beechcroft Road near the GM plant. U.S. Route 31 is the main north-south arterial through Spring Hill. It is alternatively called both Columbia Pike on the north side of town and Nashville Highway on the south side. State Route 247 is a major east-west road through the city.

Arts and culture[edit]

Rippavilla Plantation, which is located at 5700 Main Street (US 31, Nashville Highway), offers educational activities and an annual corn maze among other attractions.[29] The historic Battle of Spring Hill site is located off Kedron Road and is open for self-guided tours year round.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Spring Hill, Tennessee". City of Spring Hill, Tennessee. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
  2. ^ springhilltn.org
  3. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  7. ^ "Spring Hill city, Tennessee". quickfacts.census.gov. United States Census Bureau). 2018. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  8. ^ "City Town Info - Info on U.S. Cities, Careers, Schools & Colleges". www.citytowninfo.com.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 6, 2009. Retrieved June 18, 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Spring Hill ranked No. 2 in Tennessee for home ownership". Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  11. ^ "Spring Hill population grows above 40,000". Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  12. ^ Page, Jamie (November 17, 2015). "City of Spring Hill approves newly updated 'Spring Hill Rising: 2040' Comprehensive Plan". City of Spring Hill, TN website. Archived from the original on August 29, 2018.
  13. ^ "BOMA approves Unified Development Code". August 21, 2018.
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
  16. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 11, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
  17. ^ "Spring Hill city, Tennessee". United States Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  18. ^ Bunkley, Nick. "G.M. Picks Michigan to Build Small Car." NY Times. June 26, 2009. Retrieved on June 26, 2009.
  19. ^ Johnson, Bonna. "GM picks Michigan over Spring Hill." The Tennessean. June 26, 2009. Retrieved on June 26, 2009.[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ "GM Investing $483 Million at Tennessee Engine Plant". American Machinist. September 20, 2010. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012.
  21. ^ "Spring Hill Manufacturing". GM News. General Motors. Archived from the original on July 20, 2012. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  22. ^ "Buick's Ecotec 2.0L Turbo Makes Best Engines List". Chevrolet Media Europe. General Motors. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  23. ^ Bunkley, Nick (November 21, 2011). "Ex-Saturn Plant to Reopen, And G.M. to Add 700 Jobs". New York Times. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  24. ^ "Spring Hill Assembly Reborn as Ultra-Flexible Operation". General Motors. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  25. ^ Bowman, Zach. "Senator Corker Heckled At GM Spring Hill". Autoblog. AOL. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  26. ^ Melissa Burden (October 13, 2015). "GM to begin taking applications to work at Spring Hill". detroitnews.com.
  27. ^ "Board of Mayor & Alderman". Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  28. ^ "Buckner Road / I-65 Interchange BUILD Project". Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  29. ^ "HISTORIC RIPPAVILLA". Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  30. ^ "Battle of Spring Hill". Retrieved September 13, 2020.

External links[edit]