Spring Hill, Tennessee

Coordinates: 35°45′9″N 86°54′50″W / 35.75250°N 86.91389°W / 35.75250; -86.91389
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Spring Hill, Tennessee
Spring Hill City Hall in December 2013
Spring Hill City Hall in December 2013
Flag of Spring Hill, Tennessee
"A blend of Commerce, History and Country Living"[1]
Location of Spring Hill in Williamson and Maury County, Tennessee (left) and of both counties in Tennessee (right)
Location of Spring Hill in Williamson and Maury County, Tennessee (left) and of both counties in Tennessee (right)
Coordinates: 35°45′9″N 86°54′50″W / 35.75250°N 86.91389°W / 35.75250; -86.91389
CountryUnited States
CountiesWilliamson, Maury
 • TypeCity
 • MayorJim Hagaman[2]
 • Vice MayorWilliam Pomeroy[2]
 • Total29.14 sq mi (75.47 km2)
 • Land29.09 sq mi (75.35 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (0.12 km2)
751 ft (229 m)
 • Total50,005
 • Density1,718.74/sq mi (663.61/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
37174 also includes portion of 37179
Area code931 615
FIPS code47-70580[5]
GNIS feature ID1303764[6]

Spring Hill is a city in Maury and Williamson counties in the U.S. state of Tennessee, located approximately 30 miles (48 km) south of Nashville. Its population as of 2020 was 50,005.[7] Spring Hill is recognized as the 4th fastest growing city in Tennessee by the U.S. Census Bureau[8] and is included in the Nashville metropolitan area.


The first settlers of Spring Hill arrived in 1808 and the city was established in 1809.[9] Albert Russell was the first person to build a home on the land that became Spring Hill.

Spring Hill was the site of a Civil War battle, now known as the Battle of Spring Hill, on November 29, 1864.

Later, Spring Hill was the home of a preparatory school, Branham and Hughes Military Academy, the campus of which now serves as the main campus of Tennessee Children's Home, a ministry associated with the Churches of Christ.

On January 10, 1963, an F3 tornado tore through the center of the town, damaging many buildings and causing $500,000 in damage. [10]

Recent growth[edit]

As the Nashville metro area continues to grow, Spring Hill has seen rapid growth in recent years with a population of 23,462 in 2007, a 2010 census population of 29,036 and a population of 31,140 in 2012.[11][12] In 2018, Spring Hill officially hit 40,000 residents.[13]

In November, 2015, the Spring Hill Board of Mayor and Aldermen approved the ‘Spring Hill Rising: 2040’ comprehensive plan. The plan outlines the city's long-term development vision and ways to accomplish that vision.[14] In 2016, the city hired Chicago-based planning and zoning consultant, Camiros Ltd, to oversee the creation of a new zoning code to implement the vision described in ‘Spring Hill Rising: 2040’.[15]

On December 4, 2017, entities building a Chick-fil-A tore down a grain silo. A memorial plaque to the silo opened in 2018. The silo had no major recorded history but was perceived by the town community as a landmark that signaled the beginning of the town. The idea of the memorial was originally posited as a joke but became serious.[16]


Spring Hill is located at 35°45′9″N 86°54′50″W / 35.75250°N 86.91389°W / 35.75250; -86.91389 (35.752556, -86.914021).[17]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.14 square miles (75.47 km2), of which 29.09 square miles (75.35 km2) is land and 0.05 square mile (0.12 km2) (0.17%) is water.[3]


Historical population

2020 census[edit]

Spring Hill racial composition[20]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 39,622 79.24%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,929 5.86%
Native American 94 0.19%
Asian 1,082 2.16%
Pacific Islander 35 0.07%
Other/Mixed 2,310 4.62%
Hispanic or Latino 3,933 7.87%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 50,005 people, 12,727 households, and 10,582 families residing in the city.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census,[21] there were 29,036 people, 9,861 households, and 7,884 families living in the city. The population density was 1,640.45 persons per square mile and the housing unit density was 557.12 units per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.14% White, 5.39% Black or African American, 1.64% Asian, 0.24% Native American, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, and 1.90% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origins were 5.65% of the population.

Of the 9,861 households, 50.34% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 67.26% were married couples living together, 2.80% had a male householder with no wife present, 9.89% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.05% were non-families. 16.49% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.26% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.33.

Of the 29,036 residents, 33.89% were under the age of 18, 61.08% were between the ages of 18 and 64, and 5.02% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.9 years. 51.46% of the residents were female, and 48.54% were male.

The median household income in the city was $72,744 and the median family income was $78,125. Males had a median income of $54,905 versus $42,216 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,709. About 2.8% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under the age of 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 and over.


Spring Hill was the site of the Saturn Corporation production facility, which operated from 1990 to 2007. The Saturn S-Series, Saturn ION, and Saturn VUE were produced there. In 2007, General Motors Corporation (GM), the parent company of Saturn, shut down the facility to retool it for production of other GM vehicles and renamed it Spring Hill Manufacturing. The plant reopened in February 2008 and became the assembly point for the new Chevrolet Traverse. However, after a battle among plants in Spring Hill, Orion Township, Michigan and Janesville, Wisconsin, GM announced on June 26, 2009 that they had chosen to build a new small car in Orion Township.[22] Nearly 2,500 Spring Hill auto workers were faced with lay-off, buy-out and early retirement.[23] The vehicle assembly part of the Spring Hill plant was idled in late 2009 when production of the Traverse was moved to Lansing, Michigan, while production of power trains and metal stamping continued.[24][25][26] In November 2011, GM announced plans for retooling of the vehicle assembly portion of the plant for use as an "ultra-flexible" plant which will initially be used to build the Chevy Equinox and GMC Terrain but will be designed for rapid retooling to other vehicles of similar size.[27][28][29] In April of 2021 General Motors [30] and South Korean joint-venture partner LG Energy Solution said they will build a second U.S. battery cell manufacturing plant, revealing plans for a $2.3 billion factory in Spring Hill, Tennessee.

Spring Hill has gone through rapid development and growth in recent years, causing General Motors to reopen their auto plant and begin hiring locally again, which will hire 1,000 new people.[31] In addition, companies such as Ryder and Goodwill have announced new facilities in the Spring Hill area.


Spring Hill is run by a mayor elected at-large and a board of eight alderman.[32]


The city is served by both Maury County Public Schools and the Williamson County School District, depending on which county one is located in.[33][34]

Maury County district schools
  • Spring Hill High School (adjacent to the city limits)
  • Spring Hill Middle School
  • Battle Creek Middle School (adjacent to the city limits)
  • Spring Hill Elementary School
  • Marvin Wright Elementary School
  • Battle Creek Elementary School (adjacent to the city limits)
Williamson County district schools
  • Summit High School
  • Spring Station Middle School
  • Heritage Middle School (in Thompson's Station)
  • Allendale Elementary School
  • Chapmans Retreat Elementary School
  • Longview Elementary School
  • Heritage Elementary School (in Thompson's Station)
Private schools
  • Columbia Academy
  • Spring Hill Academy
  • Zion Christian Academy


Interstate 65 passes through the eastern part of the city, but the only exit currently within city limits is State Route 396. An interchange on the north side of the city at June Lake Boulevard is scheduled to open in late spring of 2024.[35] State Route 396, known locally as Saturn Parkway, provides an east-west freeway connection into the city with two exits before terminating at Beechcroft Road near the GM plant. U.S. Route 31 is the main north-south arterial through Spring Hill. It is alternatively called both Columbia Pike on the south side of town and Nashville Highway on the north side. State Route 247 is a major east-west road through the city.

Arts and culture[edit]

Rippavilla Plantation, which is located at 5700 Main Street (US 31, Nashville Highway), offers educational activities and an annual corn maze among other attractions.[36] The historic Battle of Spring Hill site is located off Kedron Road and is open for self-guided tours year round.[37]

Notable residents[edit]


  1. ^ "City of Spring Hill, Tennessee". City of Spring Hill, Tennessee. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Board of Mayor & Aldermen | Spring Hill, TN - Official Website".
  3. ^ a b "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  5. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  7. ^ "Spring Hill city, Tennessee". quickfacts.census.gov. United States Census Bureau). 2018. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  8. ^ "About Spring Hill".
  9. ^ "City Town Info - Info on U.S. Cities, Careers, Schools & Colleges". www.citytowninfo.com.
  10. ^ "Spring Hill Tornado Loss Set At $500,000". The Nashville Tennessean. January 12, 1963.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 6, 2009. Retrieved June 18, 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Spring Hill ranked No. 2 in Tennessee for home ownership". Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  13. ^ "Spring Hill population grows above 40,000". Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  14. ^ Page, Jamie (November 17, 2015). "City of Spring Hill approves newly updated 'Spring Hill Rising: 2040' Comprehensive Plan". City of Spring Hill, TN website. Archived from the original on August 29, 2018.
  15. ^ "BOMA approves Unified Development Code". August 21, 2018.
  16. ^ Yow, Chris (August 22, 2018). "Silo memorial plaque unveiled at Chick-fil-A grand opening". Columbia Daily Herald. Retrieved August 27, 2022.
  17. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
  19. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 11, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
  20. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 26, 2021.
  21. ^ "Spring Hill city, Tennessee". United States Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  22. ^ Bunkley, Nick. "G.M. Picks Michigan to Build Small Car." NY Times. June 26, 2009. Retrieved on June 26, 2009.
  23. ^ Johnson, Bonna. "GM picks Michigan over Spring Hill." The Tennessean. June 26, 2009. Retrieved on June 26, 2009.[permanent dead link]
  24. ^ "GM Investing $483 Million at Tennessee Engine Plant". American Machinist. September 20, 2010. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012.
  25. ^ "Spring Hill Manufacturing". GM News. General Motors. Archived from the original on July 20, 2012. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  26. ^ "Buick's Ecotec 2.0L Turbo Makes Best Engines List". Chevrolet Media Europe. General Motors. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  27. ^ Bunkley, Nick (November 21, 2011). "Ex-Saturn Plant to Reopen, And G.M. to Add 700 Jobs". New York Times. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  28. ^ "Spring Hill Assembly Reborn as Ultra-Flexible Operation". General Motors. November 21, 2011. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  29. ^ Bowman, Zach. "Senator Corker Heckled At GM Spring Hill". Autoblog. AOL. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  30. ^ Klayman, Ben (April 16, 2021). "GM, LG Energy Solution to build 2nd U.S. battery plant in Tennessee". Reuters. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  31. ^ Melissa Burden (October 13, 2015). "GM to begin taking applications to work at Spring Hill". detroitnews.com.
  32. ^ "Board of Mayor & Alderman". Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  33. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Maury County, TN" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2022. - Text
  34. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Williamson County, TN" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2022. - Text list
  35. ^ Unknown, Unknown (August 23, 2023). "Continued Delays Lead to Rescheduling of June Lake Interchange Completion". TDOT. Retrieved October 10, 2023.
  36. ^ "HISTORIC RIPPAVILLA". Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  37. ^ "Battle of Spring Hill". Retrieved September 13, 2020.

External links[edit]