Spydeberg within Østfold
|• Total||142 km2 (55 sq mi)|
|• Land||133 km2 (51 sq mi)|
|Area rank||362 in Norway|
|• Rank||201 in Norway|
|• Density||35/km2 (90/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||9.7 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-0123|
|Official language form||Bokmål|
Spydeberg is a municipality in Østfold county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Spydeberg. It is divided into the parishes Spydeberg, Heli, and Hovin. Spydeberg was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt).
The village of Spydeberg has approximately 5,200 inhabitants. It is located 45 kilometres (28 mi) southeast of Oslo and is easily reached by a bus and a train line. There are 16 daily buses to Oslo, and about 21 train departures. A lot of the people in Spydeberg commute to Oslo for work.
The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Spydeberg farm (Old Norse: Spjótaberg), since the first church was built here. The first element is the plural genitive case of spjót which means "spear" and the last element is berg which means "mountain". The word "spear" is here probably referring to some outstanding points of a nearby mountain.
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 30 June 1978. The arms show three canting silver spear points (from the word spyd which comes from the Old Norse word spjót) on a red background. The model for the spear points was unearthed at a burial mound near Mørk in 1905. The three spears represent the three parishes in the municipality. It was designed by Truls Nygaard.
- Petter Solberg, the famous World Rally Championship rally driver for Subaru, was born in Askim and raised in Spydeberg. He became Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile World Rally Champion in 2003. At present he lives officially in Monaco.
- Henning Solberg (older brother to Petter Solberg), current WRC rally driver for Ford, is still living at Spydeberg.
- John Unnerud, former Norwegian rally and race ace (a well known personality in Scandinavia) is also from Spydeberg.
- Anton Skulberg, a former mayor of Spydeberg, was also a professor and cabinet member.
- "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-12-15.
- "Spydebergs kommunevåpen" (in Norwegian). Spydeberg kommune. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
- "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- "Spydebergs vennskapskommuner" (in Norwegian). Spydeberg kommune. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
- Media related to Spydeberg at Wikimedia Commons
- Østfold travel guide from Wikivoyage
- The dictionary definition of Spydeberg at Wiktionary
- Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway