Squillace

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Squillace (disambiguation).
Squillace
Comune
Città di Squillace
Burg von Squillace.jpg
Coat of arms of Squillace
Coat of arms
Squillace is located in Italy
Squillace
Squillace
Location of Squillace in Italy
Coordinates: 38°47′N 16°31′E / 38.783°N 16.517°E / 38.783; 16.517
Country Italy
Region Calabria
Province / Metropolitan city Catanzaro (CZ)
Frazioni Fiasco Baldaia, Squillace Lido
Government
 • Mayor Guido Rhodio
Area
 • Total 33 km2 (13 sq mi)
Elevation 344 m (1,129 ft)
Population (December 31, 2013)
 • Total 3,541
 • Density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Squillacesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 88069
Dialing code 0961
Patron saint St. Agathius Martyr
Saint day May 7
Website http://www.squillace.org

Squillace (Greek: Skyllision, Skyllition) is an ancient seaside town and comune, in the Province of Catanzaro, part of Calabria, southern Italy, facing the Gulf of Squillace.

Squillace is situated on the east coast of Calabria, on the shores of an extensive bay, the Gulf of Squillace (Italian: Golfo di Squillace), which indents the coast of Calabria on the east as deeply as that of the Gulf of Saint Euphemia (Italian: Golfo di Sant'Eufemia) does on the west, with a comparatively narrow isthmus between them.

History[edit]

Squillace is known today as one of Italy's most important archaeological sites as well as a popular resort. The name derives from the ancient city of Scylletium, the principal ruins of which are located in the nearby comune of Borgia. The Roman statesman and writer Cassiodorus founded a monastery called Vivarium on his family estates on the shores of the Ionian Sea in the 6th century AD. This monastery was on the site of the modern Santa Maria de Vetere near Squillace.

Medieval and early modern history[edit]

Ceramics[edit]

Production of highly prized terra cotta has been an important part the local economy for centuries; Cassiodorus makes several mentions of it in his writings. Squillace is the home of the pignatari style of ceramic artistry. The name is derived from the Italian word pignata, an earthenware container used for cooking beans over an open fire.

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Squillace at Wikimedia Commons