Province of Catanzaro
|Province of Catanzaro|
Map highlighting the location of the province of Catanzaro in Italy
|• President||Wanda Ferro|
|• Total||2,391 km2 (923 sq mi)|
|• Density||150/km2 (400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||88020, 88021, 88024, 88025, 88040, 88044, 88046, 88050, 88051, 88054, 88056, 88060, 88062, 88064, 88070, 88100|
|Telephone prefix||0961, 0967, 0968|
The province of Catanzaro (Italian: provincia di Catanzaro) is a province of the Calabria region of Italy. The city Catanzaro is both capital of the province and capital of the region of Calabria. The province has a total population of 363,707 inhabitants as of 2015 and spans an area of 2,415.45 square kilometres (932.61 sq mi), giving it a population density of 150.58 inhabitants per square kilometre. The capital Catanzaro has a population of 90,840 inhabitants over an area of 112.72 square kilometres (43.52 sq mi) and has a population density of 805.86 inhabitants per square kilometre. The province contains a total of 80 municipalities (comuni). Its provincial president is Vincent Bruno.
The Province of Crotone was created in 1996 by partition from Catanzaro. Inhabitants of the province are referred to as "Italoi" by the Greeks as this refers to King Italo, who decended from Trojans in legends. It contains the Isthmus of Catanzaro between Sant'Eufemia and the Gulf of Squillace. It borders the provinces of Crotone (formed from it), Cosenza, Reggio Calabria, and Vibo Valentia, and it also borders the Ionian and Tyrrhenian seas to the east and west, respectively.
The province of Catanzaro was founded by the Byzantines as Katanrzarion or Catasarion during the tenth century. The city, atop a hill above the Gulf of Squilis, was named Katanrzarion or Catasarion as these derive from the Greek for "terrace" and "under"; terrace farming took place in the province. The province was fortified in 1055 and a castle was constructed; this allowed it to resist French invasion attempts lasting four months in 1528.
The province of Catanzaro is one of the four provinces in the region of Calabria in southern Italy. To the south and east, the province has a coastline on the Ionian Sea, and to the northwest, a coastline on the Tyrrhenian Sea. The Province of Cosenza lies to the north and the Province of Crotone to the east. To the south west lie the provinces of Vibo Valentia and Reggio Calabria. The provincial capital as well as the capital of the region is the city of Catanzaro.
The central part of the province is the isthmus of Catanzaro, a long narrow valley of 30 kilometres (19 mi), connecting the north and south parts of the coastline, the Gulf of Squillace and the Gulf of St. Euphemia; it is the narrowest part of the whole Italian peninsula. The eastern part of the province forms part of the high plateau of La Sila and includes much of the Sila National Park, a wild area with rough grassland and forests of pine, oak, beech and fir.
Since 2009, various people have been arrested in the provinces of Catanzaro, Crotone and Reggio Calabria in connection with organised crime; alleged offences include insurance fraud, the sale of bogus degrees, fraud in relation to grants and subsidies, collusion with the Mafia, forgery, irregularities in tendering procedures, extortion, murder, electoral fraud, supply of drugs and intimidation.
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