St. Philip's Episcopal Church (Charleston, South Carolina)
St. Philip's Church
St. Philip's Church
|Location||142 Church Street, Charleston, South Carolina|
|Built||1835-1836, building; steeple, 1848-1850|
|Architect||Joseph Hyde, building; Edward Brickell White, steeple|
|Part of||Charleston Historic District (#66000964)|
|NRHP Reference #||73001695|
|Added to NRHP||November 7, 1973|
|Designated NHL||November 7, 1973|
|Designated NHLDCP||October 9, 1960|
St. Philip's Church is an historic church at 142 Church Street in Charleston, South Carolina. Its National Historic Landmark description states: "Built in 1836 (spire completed in 1850), this stuccoed brick church features an imposing tower designed in the Wren-Gibbs tradition. Three Tuscan pedimented porticoes contribute to this design to make a building of the highest quality and sophistication." On November 7, 1973, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places and designated a National Historic Landmark. 
Established in 1681, St. Philip's is the oldest religious congregation in South Carolina. The first St. Philip's Church, a wooden building, was built between 1680 and 1681 at the corner of Broad and Meeting streets on the present day site of St. Michael's Episcopal Church. It was damaged in a hurricane in 1710 and a new St. Phillip's Church was begun a few blocks away on Church Street. After being delayed it was finished in 1723 but burned to the ground in 1835. Work on the present church was begun that same year and completed the next. The steeple was added between 1848 and 1850.
A prominent early rector of St. Philip's was Rev. Thomas Frost, a fellow of Caius College, Cambridge, who became rector of St. Philip's in 1785. Rev. Frost died in 1804 at 46 years of age. Rev. Thomas Downes Frost, son of the first rector Frost, was elected assistant minister of St. Philip's on March 12, 1815. The second Rev. Frost died an early death at age 26 in 1819.
The wife of another early rector, Gideon Johnston, was Henrietta Johnston, who became the first recorded female artist in the American colonies. Another artistic first with connections to the church was Mary Roberts, the first female American miniaturist, whose burial was recorded in the register in 1761.
The tower of St. Philip's served for many years as the rear tower of a set of range lighthouses serving to guide mariners into Charleston's harbor; the front tower of the range was located on Fort Sumter. The church is one of only two in the United States known to have served such a function.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Charleston, South Carolina
- List of National Historic Landmarks in South Carolina
- St. Philip's Church
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "St. Philip's Church". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-03-23.
- "SCDAH". www.nationalregister.sc.gov.
- Tray Stephenson and Bernard Kearse (April 23, 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: St. Philip's Church" (pdf). National Park Service. and Accompanying two photos, exterior, from 1960 (32 KB)
- "Destructive Fire and Conflagration of St. Philip's Church". The Southern Patriot. Charleston, South Carolina. February 16, 1835. p. 2.
- "Welcome to St. Michael's Church - St. Michaels Church - Downtown Charleston, SC - Anglican". St. Michaels Church - Downtown Charleston, SC - Anglican.
- "St. Philip's Episcopal Church history".
- "Frost, Thomas (FRST775T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Hemphill, James Calvin (16 June 2017). "Men of Mark in South Carolina: Ideals of American Life: a Collection of Biographies of Leading Men of the State". Men of Mark Publishing Company – via Google Books.
- Frost, Thomas Gold; Frost, Edward Lysander (16 June 2017). "Frost Family in England and America, with Special Reference to Edmund Frost and Some of His Descendants". Russell Print. Company – via Google Books.
- Dexter, Franklin Bowditch (16 June 2017). "Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College: With Annals of the College History". Holt – via Google Books.
- Saunders, Richard H. and Ellen G. Miles. American Colonial Portraits · 1700-1776. Washington, D.C.; Smithsonian Institution Press, 1987. pp. 94-97, p. 163
- "Lighthouse Digest - America's Lighthouse News & History Magazine". www.lighthousedepot.com.
- Edward McCrady (1901), An historic church, the Westminster Abbey of South Carolina, Charleston, S.C: Walker, Evans & Cogswell Co., printers
- Media related to St. Philip's Episcopal Church (Charleston, South Carolina) at Wikimedia Commons
- St. Philip's Church website
- St. Philip's Church history
- St. Philip's Church, Charleston County (146 Church St., Charleston), including 9 photos, at South Carolina Department of Archives and History
- National Historic Landmarks Program listing for St. Philip's Church
- National Register listings for Charleston County
- Historic Charleston's Religious and Community Buildings, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary