Location of Saint Brélade in Jersey
|Crown Dependency||Jersey, Channel Islands|
|• Connétable||Steve Pallett|
|• Total||12.8 km2 (4.9 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 2nd|
|• Density||830/km2 (2,100/sq mi)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+01 (UTC)|
Saint Brélade is one of the twelve parishes of the Bailiwick of Jersey. Its population is around 9,560, and it occupies the southwestern part of the island. It is the only parish to border only one other parish, St. Peter. The parish is the second-largest parish by surface area, covering 7,103 vergées (3,157 acres or 12.78 km²), which is 11% of the total land surface of the island.
Its name is derived from a 6th century Celtic or Welsh "wandering saint" named Branwalator or Saint Brelade (also Branwallder, Broladre, Brelodre, Brélade), who is said to have been the son of the Cornish king, Kenen. He is also said to have been a disciple of Samson of Dol, and worked with this churchman in Cornwall and the Channel Islands.
St Brelade's Church is situated at the end of St. Brélade's Bay, an unusual situation being comparatively distant from historic centres of population. The small Fisherman's Chapel alongside contains mediaeval frescoes which survived the iconoclasm of the Reformation. According to folklore, the reason for the siting of the parish church is that originally the St. Bréladais intended to build the church inland, much nearer to the homes of the congregation. However les p'tits faîtchieaux (the little people) who had their temple in a nearby dolmen were disturbed by the construction of the foundations and, every night, would undo the construction work and magically transport all the tools and materials down to the shoreline. Eventually the humans gave up and built the church where the fairies had indicated.
Another church is located close to the Parish Hall in Saint Aubin. St Aubin on the Hill is an Anglican church in the Parish of Saint Brelade dedicated to Saint Aubin of Angers. The church that stands today was built in the 19th century and is a fine example of Victorian Gothic style, with beautiful stained glass windows. When this was built the appointed minister of the Anglican church also supported the building of a local primary school just a short walk from the church. St Brelade's school served the whole parish until it closed in the 1970s and became St Brelade's College, a school that teaches English to foreign students.
St. Brélade has some of the most popular bays in Jersey, with St. Brélade's Bay, Ouaisné, Portelet and parts of both St. Ouen's Bay and St. Aubin's Bay falling within the parish boundaries. The village (or town) of Saint Aubin was originally a fishing port facing St. Helier on the opposite side of St. Aubin's Bay. St Aubin was historically the main centre of population in the parish, but residential development at Les Quennevais has shifted that centre of population.
The traditional nickname for St. Bréladais (inhabitants of St. Brelade) is carpéleuses (caterpillars).
The parish is divided into vingtaines for administrative purposes as follows:
St. Brélade is divided into two electoral districts:
- St. Brélade No. 1 district (Vingtaines de Noirmont and du Coin) elects one Deputy
- St. Brélade No. 2 district (Vingtaines des Quennevais and de la Moye) elects two Deputies.
St Brelade is twinned with:
- Isaac LeVesconte (12 August 1822 – 26 October 1879), Nova Scotia businessman and political figure.
- Steve Pallett was elected Connétable of the Parish of St Brélade in 2011.
- Charles Robin
- Robert Pipon Marett, of La Haule Manor
- Claude Cahun
- André Gide
- Simon Laurens
- Richard True
- Nigel Mansell, former British Formula One driver and 1992 World Champion.
- Derek Warwick, former British Formula One driver
- Ronald Price Hickman, car designer and inventor who designed the original Lotus Elan, the Lotus Elan +2 and the Lotus Europa, as well as the Black & Decker Workmate.
- Bob Murray (businessman) businessman and former chairman of Sunderland A.F.C. An accountant by trade, he made his fortune through the growth and sale of the Spring Ram kitchen manufacturing company.
- Jack Higgins, pseudonym of British novelist Harry Patterson, author of The Eagle Has Landed
- "St.Brelade Homepage". Parish.gov.je. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- "Connétable - Stephen William Pallett". States of Jersey. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "Where does Nigel Mansell live?". Evi Technologies.
- "BBC News - St Brelade wins gold in Entente Florale Europe". Bbc.co.uk. 2010-09-25. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
- Jersey Folk Lore, John H. L'Amy, Jersey 1927
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saint Brelade.|
- Saint Brélade Official Parish website
- Saint Brélade at Les Pages Jèrriaises
- Saint Brélade’s Church
- St Aubin-on-the-Hill Church
- St Brelade's College