St Thomas the Apostle, Hanwell
|St. Thomas the Apostle|
The east face.
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Vicar(s)||Father Robert Chapman|
St Thomas the Apostle is a Church of England church, which is situated along Boston Road in Hanwell, in the London Borough of Ealing. Designed by Sir Edward Maufe, It forms part of the Diocese of London and can hold 428 people. English Heritage has listed it as a Grade II* building.
Hanwell was a small village which began to expand – slowly at first – with the arrival of the Great Western Railway in the 1850s. Much of the new residential development was around where the Uxbridge Road crossed the parish of St Mary and then to the south of it. The resulting increase in souls living in the area thus necessitated the creation of a new parish, that of St Mellitus and formed in 1908. It is situated on the corner of Uxbridge Road and Church Road. The parish lies between the GWR railway and Elthorne Park. In 1906 a new tram line came into service. Running along the Boston Road from Hanwell to Brentford it encouraged more people to take up residence in this more southern part of Hanwell. With the rapidly increasing population, the southernmost part of the old parish of St Mary now needed to become a parish in its own right. St Thomas was up and till then an iron mission church setting up to maybe 300 people. Money was raised by selling off the site of St. Thomas in Orchard Street (just off Portman Square but before Oxford Street) and the foundation stone of the new parish church of St. Thomas the Apostle was laid 8 July 1933. It opened the following year.
Design and construction
The architect was Sir Edward Brantwood Maufe. The building is on a north east axis with a tall square north-east bell tower with a green copper cap sitting astride the northern wall. The exterior of the building is executed in simple lines and is constructed of brown-silver-grey engineering bricks; reputed to have come from Tondu in Wales. A carving of the Calvary by Eric Gill is on the north-east face and incorporates the east window. With the aid of a platform built from scaffolding, Gill was able to carve this in situ from a single block of limestone. There is a carved keystone in the arch of the north east entrance which is the work of Vernon Hill.
The interior, in contrast to the straight lines of the outside, has plain curvilinear Gothic piers which draw the eyes up to a high fan vaulted ceiling. Standing at the west end of the nave one can see that by Maufe placing the bell tower to one side, he has been able to keep the ceiling in one level plain so increasing the sense of spaciousness. The vaults are formed from reinforced concrete. Since this was still a relativity novel building technique it could be said that this building was to test this method of construction, before using it on his proposed design for the forthcoming Guildford Cathedral. Maufe developed the technique further in his work at St Mary's Church, Hampden Park, Eastbourne, which he rebuilt in 1952–54.
Also placed centrally at the west end of the nave, is the straight sided octagonal stone font, this is also the work of Vernon Hill. At the centre of its simple design is carved a symbolic motif of a fish entwine around an anchored cross with the Koine Greek acronym ΙΧΘΥΣ inscribed vertically down the left side.
The aisles and each side are delineated by having pointed archways in each of the supporting piers. When standing at the end of either of these aisles from the well west end they each form a passage which passes through areas of increasing shadow along their length. This gives the illusion that the two windows at the eastern end are shining bright stars, even though they are letting in just ordinary daylight. The main windows are all lancets of clear handmade leaded glass. Maufe's choice, not to use mass-produced glass, shows the influence at the time of the Arts and Crafts movement.
With such a wide range of light and shadow: vistas that change with the position of the observer, Maufe has given a spacial richness to the building which is normally only found in large ancient cathedrals. Yet with the plainness of form and the Art Deco fittings it is thoroughly modern.
The motif of Thomas the saint, is a fan of three spears with a builder's square. This motif has been incorporated as a recurrent theme into the lancet windows and into the leaded oval clerestory window above the porch way. Spears and a square from the iron gates each side of the east wall – behind which there is a cross passage. It also appears again on the cast iron rainheads on the exterior of the building.
|Architectural details of St Thomas the Apostle|
- English Heritage St Thomas the Apostle, 182 Boston Road, accessed 19 May 2010
- A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3: Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Heston and Isleworth, Twickenham, Cowley, Cranford, West Drayton, Greenford, Hanwell, Harefield and Harlington (1962), Hanwell: Churches, pages 230-233. Date accessed 2010-05-19
- Harwood 2000, p. 6.6.
- Essen, Richard (2000). Ealing Hanwell & Greenford. pages 82, 83. Pub:Budding Books, Gloucestershire. ISBN 1-84015-173-0
- Harwood, Elain (2000). England: a Guide to Post-War Listed Buildings. London: Ellipsis London Ltd (under licence from English Heritage). ISBN 1-84166-037-X.
- St. Thomas the Apostle, Hanwell Official website. Date accessed: 30 September 2008.
- Hanwell: Churches, A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3: Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Heston and Isleworth, Twickenham, Cowley, Cranford, West Drayton, Greenford, Hanwell, Harefield and Harlington (1962), pp. 230–233. URL:. Date accessed: 30 September 2008.