Swaraj Kaushal

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Swaraj Kaushal
Governor of Mizoram
Preceded by Ganpat Ramphule
Succeeded by JP Nanda
Personal details
Born (1952-07-12) 12 July 1952 (age 64)
Delhi, India
Political party Bharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s) Sushma Swaraj
Alma mater Delhi University
Occupation Lawyer Governor 1990-1993
Religion Hinduism

Swaraj Kaushal (born 12th July 1952) is an Indian criminal lawyer practising in New Delhi. He was designated Senior Advocate by the Supreme Court of India at age 34. He has the distinction of being India's youngest ever Advocate General at age 34 and State Governor at age 37. He served as Governor of Mizoram between 1990 and 1993.


During the Emergency of 1975-77, he defended socialist leader George Fernandes in the famous Baroda dynamite case. He secured release of the underground Mizo leader Laldenga in the conspiracy trial in 1979.[1] Thereafter, he was Constitutional Adviser to the underground Mizo National Front during negotiations with Government of India. Many years of negotiations resulted in the signing of Mizoram Peace Accord, which he helped write, on 30 June 1986 which ended 20 years of insurgency. He was appointed the first Advocate General of Mizoram, the state's premier legal officer. He holds the distinction of having been the youngest ever Advocate General in the country. He is an expert on India's northeast region and its insurgency problem.[2]

He was designated Senior Advocate by Supreme Court of India on 20 December 1986 at the young age of 34, a notable achievement in the legal profession.[3]

Governor of Mizoram[edit]

He was Governor of Mizoram from 8 February 1990 - 9 February 1993. He has the honour of being India's youngest ever Governor of a State at 37 years of age. His wife Sushma Swaraj was the youngest Cabinet Minister in the country at the age of 25 in 1977.

Member of Parliament[edit]

He was a Member of Parliament during 1998-2004 representing Haryana State. During 1998-99, Sushma Swaraj was a Member of Lok Sabha and Swaraj Kaushal was a Member of Rajya Sabha. Both of them were members of Rajya Sabha during 2000-2004. There are few instances in India's Parliamentary history where husband and wife are both Members of Parliament.[4]

Personal life[edit]

He married Sushma Swaraj on 13 July 1975. Their only child, Bansuri Swaraj, is a graduate from Oxford University and a Barrister from Inner Temple. She is also a Criminal lawyer practising before Delhi High Court and Supreme Court of India.


Swaraj Kaushal, the husband of Sushma Swaraj, also found himself in the limelight as reports surfaced that there was a bit of a quid-pro-quo situation between Kaushal and the Indian businessman Lalit Modi. According to a report in The Huffington Post, Kaushal had taken Modi's help to get his nephew secure admission at Sussex University in the UK. For a minister like Sushma Swaraj, who has hardly been hardly embroiled in any scam so far, her husband and daughter's close connection with Modi might only make things worse for her.[5]

As this Economic Times article said Kaushal was known to be one of those guys in the political circles who does not shy away from pulling a few strings to get things done. ET report, which dubbed Kaushal as Sushma's "Achilles heel", also said that this was not the first controversy that one time Governor of Mizoram (1990) has been linked to