373 series EMU on a Tōkai service, March 2006
|Service type||Limited express (from 1996)|
|First service||1955 (Semi express)|
1996 (Limited express Wide View Tōkai)
|Current operator(s)||JR East|
|Line(s) used||Tōkaidō Main Line|
|Rolling stock||373 series (1996–2007)|
- 1955–1957: Locomotive-hauled
- 1957–1958: JNR 80 series EMUs
- 1958– March 1982: JNR 153 series EMUs
- 1968–1996: JNR 165 series EMUs
- 16 March 1996 – 17 March 2007: JR Central 373 series EMUs (as Wide View Tōkai)
The Tōkai service was first introduced by Japanese National Railways (JNR) on 20 July 1955 as a locomotive-hauled semi express train operating between Tokyo and Nagoya. The train was upgraded to "express" status from 5 March 1966. From 16 March 1996, the service was upgraded to become the limited express Wide View Tōkai using pairs of new 373 series 3-car EMU trainsets, with two return workings daily between Tokyo and Shizuoka.
- 写真とイラストで見る国鉄急行型電車のすべて [JNR Express EMUs in pictures] (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Ltd. 29 November 2013. p. 22–31. ISBN 978-4-7770-1532-0.
- 列車名鑑1995 [Train Name Directory 1995]. Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995.
- こだわりの新幹線＆特急列車ガイド [In-depth Shinkansen & Limited Express Guide]. Japan: Ikaros Publishing. August 2000. ISBN 4-87149-284-2.