Talk:Lake Van

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Name relationships?[edit]

1. As Lake Van is in Turkey, the Turkish name of the lake in Turkish should be displayed before any other language. 2. Can anybody explain the relevance of Ottoman-Armenian population, Armenian genocide, or Treaty of Sevres, which are lisred in the "See Also Section", with Lake Van? AldirmaGonul 05:47, August 31, 2005 (UTC)

Needs better pictures[edit]

The Lake deserves better pictures. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 22:13, 29 August 2008 (UTC)

A map of its location would be useful too. MikeEagling (talk) 16:42, 15 February 2013 (UTC)

Is Lake Van saline or not?[edit]

I have noticed a contradiction between this article and the article on Kurdistan. This article describes Lake Van as a saline body of water; the Kurdistan article describes Lake Van as a non-saline body of water. Would those of you working on these two articles mind sorting this out? I am posting this observation on the other site's Talk page, also.RNavigator 13:11, 5 June 2006 (UTC)

Here's some information from
A widely accepted demarcation line between fresh and salt water occurs at 3 grams per litre, or 3 o/oo. (Freshwater lakes contain 0 - 3 g/L of salt and saltwater lakes anything over 3 g/L). Here are data for some lakes:
Lake Salinity (g/L)
Caspian Sea 10-12
Lake Van 24
Great Salt Lake 150-280
Dead Sea (Israel/Jordan) over 300

I think it's clear that Van is definitely a salt lake, but obviously much less salty than the Dead Sea.
Various salts contribute to the salinity, not just sodium chloride. In particular, the presence of sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate in some salt lakes makes the water alkaline. Lake Van has a pH of 9.8 which is distinctly alkaline (data from
Hope that helps. Euchiasmus 05:25, 6 June 2006 (UTC)


I provided them, its good enough. Artaxiad 19:12, 28 March 2007 (UTC)

Transliteration of Armenian name[edit]

Can someone please transliterate the Armenian name? Meursault2004 12:10, 29 September 2007 (UTC)

Accurate measurements[edit]

Lake Van is a notable lake because it's so deep and is very large for a salt lake. It would be good to be able to list some accurate measurements for the lake, such as depth, area, volume height above sea level, etc. There are quite a number of differing figures for these, so I thought compiling the various sources here might help establish the most reliable figures. Any general comments would be welcome, too. Rupert Clayton 14:25, 26 October 2007 (UTC)

Bold (where used) indicates figures that appear to have most corroboration. Data sources are listed at the end.Rupert Clayton 17:16, 1 November 2007 (UTC)

Maximum depth[edit]

Average depth[edit]

Surface area[edit]

Drainage basin[edit]

Water volume[edit]

Shoreline length[edit]

  • 430 km

Length and width[edit]

Surface elevation[edit]

Chemistry and salinity[edit]

Overall salinity: 24 g/L[15]

Salt content (just NaCl?): 0.19%[16]

pH: 9.8[3][16]

1911 Britannica [8]


Data sources[edit]

Many reports of research around Lake Van in various fields contain basic data on the lake's measurements. Because of this, modern sources in seemingly tangential specialties may have more accurate data than older geological, limnological, and bathymetric sources.

Springer journals [10]

Geology and bathymetry[edit]

  • Cook, A. C. & Kurtman, F. (eds) 1978. The Geology of Lake Van, Memoir. Mineral Research Exploration Institute Turkey, Ankara, 169.
  • Cook, A. C., Wong, H. K. Kempe, S. & Kurtman, F. 1984. A geological study of Lake Van, Eastern Turkey. Geologische Rundschau, 73, 701–734.
  • A geological study of Lake Van, eastern Turkey (Degens 1984)[2]
  • Kempe, S. 1977. Hydrographie, Warven-Chronologie und Organische Geochemie des Van Sees, Ost-Türkei. Mitteilunger Geologisch-paläontologischen Institut der Universität Hamburg, 47, 125–228.
  • Landmann, G., and S. Kempe. 2005. Annual deposition signal versus lake dynamics: Microprobe analysis of Lake Van (Turkey) sediments reveals missing varves in the period 11.2-10.2 ka BP. Facies 51: 143-153.
  • Spatial variability in the release of terrigenic He from the sediments of Lake Van (Turkey) (Tomonaga 2007)[5]
  • Utkucu, M. 2006. Implications for the water level change triggered moderate (M >= 4.0) earthquakes in Lake Van basin, Eastern Turkey. Journal Of Seismology 10: 105-117.
  • "The bathymetry of Lake Van, eastern Turkey" (Wong 1978) in Geology of Lake Van [17]

Hydrology, limnology, climate[edit]

  • Altunkaynak, A., M. Ozger, and Z. Sen. 2003. Triple diagram model of level fluctuations in Lake Van, Turkey. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 7: 235-244.
  • "Investigation of Rainfall-Runoff Modelling of the Van Lake Catchment by Using Remote Sensing and GIS Integration" (Coskun 2004) in Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing[11]
  • M. Kadioğlu, Z. Şen and E. Batur, The greatest soda-water lake in the world and how it is influenced by climatic change, Annales Geophysicae, Volume 15, Number 11 / February, 1997, pages 1489-1497, doi:10.1007/s00585-997-1489-9
  • Kilicel, F., and F. Gokalp. 2005. Aas determination of some trace heavy metals in Lake Van water after preconcentration by complexation with surface functional groups on activated carbon. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 14: 124-129.
  • Lemcke G., and M. Sturm, δ18O and Trace Element Measurements as Proxy for the Reconstruction of Climate Changes at Lake Van (Turkey): Preliminary Results, in: N. Dalfes, G. Kukla, H. Weiss, eds., Third Millennium BC Climate Change and Old World Collapse. Berlin, Springer, pp. 653-678 (1997).
  • Ogun, E., E. Atalan, and K. Ozdemir. 2005. Some pollution parameters in water samples from Lake Van, Turkey. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 14: 1031-1035.
  • Wick, L., G. Lemcke and M. Sturm, Evidence of late Glacial and Holocene climatic change and human

impact in eastern Anatolia: high resolution pollen, charcoal, isotopic, and geochemical records from the laminated sediments of Lake Van, Turkey, The Holocene 2003 in press.

Biology and fisheries[edit]

  • Aliriz, S., and V. Turkoglu. 2003. Purification and characterization of acetylcholinesterase from the Lake Van fish (Chalcalburnus tarichii Pallas, 1811). Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology 33: 137-145.
  • Berber, I., and S. Berber. 2006. Numerical analysis of SDS-PAGE protein patterns of facultative alkaliphilic Bacillus species isolated from Lake Van, Turkey. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 15: 409-416.
  • Inland fisheries of Europe (Dill 1990)[6]
  • Kilicel, F., and F. Gokalp. 2005. Determination of some heavy metal levels in muscle tissues of Lake Van fish (Chalcalburnus tarichi). Asian Journal Of Chemistry 17: 2425-2429.
  • Lopez-Garcia, P., J. Kazmierczak, K. Benzerara, S. Kempe, F. Guyot, and D. Moreira. 2005. Bacterial diversity and carbonate precipitation in the giant microbialites from the highly alkaline Lake Van, Turkey. Extremophiles 9: 263-274.
  • Fisheries and Remote Sensing Applications in Lake Van (Sarı 2007)[16]
  • Senler, N. G., K. Bicek, A. Gul, and S. Deger. 2003. A note on endoparasitic fauna in gulls around Lake Van region. Indian Veterinary Journal 80: 830-831.

Other reports[edit]

  • Proceedings of ERS-Envisat Symposium (ESA 2000) [3]
  • Saline Lakes (SWCSMH 2006)[15]

Encyclopedias and general works[edit]

Encyclopedia Britannica online[8]

Columbia Encyclopedia online[7]

References for those sources[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b c Degens, E.T.; Wong, H.K.; Kempe, S.; Kurtman, F. (June 1984), "A geological study of Lake Van, eastern Turkey", International Journal of Earth Sciences, Springer, 73 (2): 701-734, doi:10.1007/BF01824978 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Proceedings of ERS-Envisat Symposium (PDF), 2000 
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ a b c Tomonaga, Yama; Brennwald, Matthias S.; Kipfer, Rolf (2007), Spatial variability in the release of terrigenic He from the sediments of Lake Van (Turkey) (PDF), 4th Mini Conference on Noble Gases in the Hydrosphere and in Natural Gas Reservoirs, doi:10.2312/GFZ.mga.045 
  6. ^ a b c d e Dill, William A. (1990), Inland fisheries of Europe, FAO 
  7. ^ a b c "Lake Van", Columbia Encyclopedia online (6 ed.), 2007, retrieved 2007-10-26 
  8. ^ a b c "Lake Van", Encyclopedia Britannica online, retrieved 2007-10-26 
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ [4]
  11. ^ a b c d Coskun, M.; Musaoğlu, N. (2004), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (PDF)  Unknown parameter |contribution-title= ignored (help)
  12. ^ [5]
  13. ^ [6]
  14. ^ [7]
  15. ^ a b Saline Lakes, 2006-01-05 
  16. ^ a b c Sarı, Mustafa (2007-09-12), Fisheries and Remote Sensing Applications in Lake Van (PDF) 
  17. ^ Wong, H.K.; Degens, E.T. (1978), "The bathymetry of Lake Van, eastern Turkey", Geology of Lake Van (169), Ankara: General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration, p. 6-10 
Lake Van saw a rapid rise in the level of its waters in the 1990s. I don't have a source to give specific data but it was a very substantial increase (well over 3 meters, accompanied by large areas of agricultural land being flooded). For example, the jetty of the ferry port at Tatvan was operating normally in the 1980s but was completely under water by the late 1990s and a new one had to be constructed. All figures for surface area, depth, shoreline length, etc., that were compiled before the 1990s will now be inaccurate. Meowy 15:53, 1 January 2008 (UTC)

Water level rise and railway deviation[edit]

If the water level rises after a railway deviation is built to bypass the Lake Van ferry, that investment would be wasted. How difficult would it to build an outlet tunnel to drain the lake and protect that railway? Tabletop (talk) 01:23, 31 October 2008 (UTC)


I added a reference to the pH, but the article still needs a reference about the extraction of economic resources. I'll see what I can find, but someone searching Turkish sources would be useful also. --KP Botany (talk) 19:38, 30 December 2008 (UTC)

Thospitis[edit] , this name is important because Van, Turkey = Tushpa! (The Greek and Latin languages had no "sh" sound)Böri (talk) 12:35, 15 December 2010 (UTC)

Name of this peninsula[edit]

Name of this peninsula?

Hi. Does anyone know the name of this peninsula. Google Maps/Earth shows nothing, and I cant find anything while searching online. Rehman 11:51, 17 July 2016 (UTC)

Deveboynu. Duh, everyone knows that! Tiptoethrutheminefield (talk) 16:01, 12 October 2016 (UTC)

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