Talk:Shiloh National Military Park

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Copied(?) text removed[edit]

I took the text below out of the aritcle for a couple of reasons ...

It looks like it is perphaps adapted wholesale from an NPS site? That can be used verbatim if the source is public domain, as NPS-authored verbiage would be. But the source should be acknowledged in a footnote, as should its public-domain status, if that is indeed the case.

But, regardless of the source, even if it's a completely original work, it needs to be worked into the article proper, to the point of replacing what's currently there if that would be for the best. But it shouldn't just be tacked onto the bottom of the existing article, after the {{stub}} tag, no less!

There's some good information here, and there's a lot more on the park's official site that could be used. My personal preference is for someone (with more time than I) to work the facts into an original article. But verbatim copying of PD sources in the proper format and with proper attribution may well be an improvement over the current stub.

-- Kbh3rd 22:54, 7 Jan 2005 (UTC)

About the Park

Shiloh National Military Park [Tennessee/ Mississippi] was established by an Act of Congress on December 27, 1894. Shiloh Battlefield, the park’s initial and largest unit, is located on the western bank of the Tennessee River in Hardin County, Tennessee. The park’s enabling legislation describes an authorized boundary encompassing “Shiloh Hill,” the rolling 6,000-acre plateau surrounded on three sides by Tennessee River bottomlands where General Grant’s army camped before the battle.

Initially developed by and for the veterans of this major Civil War battle, and administered by the U.S. War Department, today the 4000 acre site preserves the core battlefield area in perpetuity, making this valuable part of America’s heritage available to over 350,000 visitors each year for their experience, enjoyment, understanding, and appreciation.

A Special Resource Study/ Boundary Adjustment proposal listing several alternatives for the park’s new “Corinth Unit” was submitted to Congress in November 2004. Additional legislation is needed to provide direction on the park’s ultimate size.

The park also includes a major Mississippian-era archeological site overlooking the Tennessee River in the heart of Shiloh Battlefield, designated the Shiloh Indian Mounds National Historical Landmark in 1989. Beginning in the 1940s, riverbank erosion has threatened this pristine prehistoric resource.

Mission of the National Park Service at Shiloh National Military Park

The mission of the National Park Service at Shiloh NMP is rooted in and grows from the park’s legislated mandate found in its 1894 enabling legislation and supplemented by the Corinth Battlefield Preservation Act of 2000: To foster preservation, commemoration, and interpretation of nationally significant Civil War resources in southwest Tennessee and northern Mississippi. This mission statement is a synthesis of the park’s mandated purpose, plus the park’s primary significance as itemized below.

Legislative Intent

In 1933, Executive Order 6166 transferred the administration of Shiloh National Military Park (including the Shiloh National Cemetery) to the National Park Service. Since then the NPS has been charged with the original mandate of the 1894 legislation:

Preserve the history of the “Battle of Shiloh” on the ground it occurred.

Ascertain and mark all lines of battle of the troops engaged, as well as other historical points of interest within the park or its vicinity.

Protect historical, natural, and commemorative resources within the park.

This legislative mandate was expanded in 2000:

Manage, protect, and interpret the resources associated with the Civil War Siege and Battle of Corinth.

Language in the conference committee report of the FY2000 Department of the Interior Appropriations bill called on the NPS to broaden its interpretation at all its battlefield sites: Document and describe the historical social, economic, legal, cultural and political forces and events leading to the Civil War to place battle events in the proper historical context. Specifically, include in all public displays and multimedia educational presentations the unique role the institution of slavery played in causing the Civil War and its role, if any, at individual battle sites.

The Park Service has described the purpose of Shiloh National Military Park as follows:

To protect and interpret historic resources and sites relating to the 1862 Civil War “Battle of Shiloh/ Pittsburg Landing,” and subsequent military action for control of the Corinth, Mississippi, railroad junction.

To maintain and make accessible historical reference material necessary to both document these events, and convey their significance in the continuum of history.

To commemorate the participants in this struggle, and inspire a commitment to preserve their legacy for future generations.

To maintain the burial sites of Shiloh’s military dead, providing a setting for peaceful contemplation.

To protect, preserve, and interpret the landscape, artifacts, and objects of the Shiloh Indian Mounds National Historic Landmark.

Park Significance The primary significance of Shiloh National Military Park can be summarized as follows: Shiloh was the Civil War’s first major battle in the western theater, a lost opportunity for a decisive Southern victory.

With 23,746 casualties, Shiloh’s awful carnage demonstrated to Southerners and Northerners alike the realization their divided nation faced a long, desperate, and costly war.

Encompassing 4,000+ acres, Shiloh today is one of the nation’s best preserved battlefield sites. The 1862 historic landscape and the 1894 – 1933 commemorative landscape both maintain a high level of integrity: the battlefield and vicinity are notable for the lack of modern intrusions.

In addition, Shiloh has a potentially high concentration of archeological resources due to the extended Union encampment on “Shiloh Hill” in the spring of 1862.

Besides numerous unmarked graves, Shiloh battlefield contains a large national cemetery and five marked mass Confederate burial trenches.

The Battle of Shiloh was the first act of a six-month drama for control of the crucial railroad junction at Corinth, Mississippi. This resulting campaign reflects a continuum of war - the ebb and flow of a nation at war with itself – and the changing nature of the human experience (both civilian and military).

The battles of Shiloh and Corinth also offer important insights into the minds and methods of numerous military leaders.

The surviving resources, battlefields and earthworks, fill an important commemorative role in society, where citizens, through acts no more complex than watching and walking, can express reverence and respect for those people who through incredible courage and sacrifice, helped forge the society we know today.

The Shiloh Indian Mounds National Historic Landmark, a Woodland/ Mississippian prehistoric site long protected within the borders of the Civil War park, is the best preserved archeological site in the lower Tennessee Valley. That the site was never disturbed by the plow is especially significant.

Missing image[edit]

Removed the following missing image:

[[Image:Shiloh cemetery 1.jpg|center|The National cemetery at Shiloh, Tennessee.]]

If you can find it, please re-add the image to the article. - Jacen Aratan 15:11, 9 Jun 2005 (UTC)

The image disappeared when you corrected the spelling in the image's name. The image exists under the original name, so that's how it needs to be referenced. The spelling in the caption is left corrected. -- Kbh3rd 17:09, 9 Jun 2005 (UTC)

Eek! My mistake, sorry about that. Didn't look closely enough when editting. :) - Jacen Aratan 17:32, 9 Jun 2005 (UTC)

Eek! I'm a well educated native speaker of English, and my spelling needs to be corrected by Danes. :) Kbh3rd

Moving categories to redirects[edit]

I removed some categories and placed them in the appropriate redirecting articles, which I consider to have the potential for full articles, some day. Of course, I totally screwed up in my edit summary. Here is what I actually did:

Eoghanacht 15:19, 15 November 2005 (UTC)

Merger proposal[edit]

Three articles all seem to want to cover the National Historic Landmark. It may be useful to keep them separate, but then the text, WL, and categories should be worked on to give the reader a better understanding of the structure of the articles.--Appraiser (talk) 21:13, 29 January 2008 (UTC)

Anything related to the Battle of Corinth should remain separate. I have been to both battlefields, and can attest they should be separate.--Bedford 02:04, 24 February 2008 (UTC)

I am not sure what else was proposed to be merged here, but the Davis Bridge Battlefield was proposed to be merged to here, and I disagree with that idea. It is a separately listed Registered Historic Place. It is one site covered in the Battle of Corinth Sites, and in particular was the site of the Battle of Hatchie's Bridge. Its article could be developed more, but it is a separate place and it would be too confusing to explain in just this Shiloh National Military Park article. The Shiloh NMP article can have a section on it, but should refer the readers to the "Main article" on the Davis Bridge Battlefield. doncram (talk) 08:36, 3 March 2008 (UTC)

Concluding that merger is not warranted, I am removing the merger proposal tags. This was a discussion about merging Davis Bridge Battlefield and Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites into Shiloh National Military Park. doncram (talk) 13:48, 2 October 2008 (UTC)

1909 Tornado[edit]

It seems that a tornado hit the battlefield in 1909 that caused considerable damage. You can read about it here: Can information about this be added to the article? (talk) 03:11, 31 December 2014 (UTC) Jack B. Nimble