The George Inn, Southwark
|The George Inn|
|Alternative names||The George|
|Address||Borough High Street
|Current tenants||Tenanted by brewery|
|Structural system||partly timber framed|
The George, or George Inn, is a public house established in the medieval period on Borough High Street in Southwark, London. Currently owned and leased by the National Trust, it is located about 250 m from the south side of the River Thames near London Bridge. It is by far the oldest pub in London. It is also notable as the only surviving galleried London coaching inn.
The first map of Southwark (Duchy of Lancaster ca1543) clearly shows it marked as 'Gorge'. It was formerly known as the George and Dragon, named after the legend of Saint George and the Dragon. There were many such inns in this part of London. Probably the most famous was The Tabard where, in 1388, Chaucer began The Canterbury Tales. In 1677 the George was rebuilt after a serious fire that destroyed most of medieval Southwark. The Tabard was also rebuilt after the same fire, but was demolished in the late nineteenth century.
It is known that galleried inns were used for Elizabethan theatrical productions (Inn-yard theatre). It is thought that the Players were on a dais in the courtyard with the standing audience next to them and that those paying a premium would be in the galleries with a better view.[according to whom?]
Later, the Great Northern Railway used the George as a depot and pulled down two of its fronts to build warehousing. Now just the south face remains.
The building is partly timber framed. The ground floor is divided into a number of connected bars. The Parliament Bar used to be a waiting room for passengers on coaches. The Middle Bar was the Coffee Room, which was frequented by Charles Dickens. The bedrooms, now a restaurant, were upstairs in the galleried part of the building.
It is one of only two coaching inns to survive in Greater London, and is the only galleried example. The White Hart is immediately to the north, and the site of The Tabard immediately to the south (now Talbot Yard). The building is Grade I listed, and is listed in CAMRA's National Inventory of Historic Pub Interiors.
The beer writer Pete Brown explores the history of the pub in his book Shakespeare's Local and provides a lot of information about the pub and the surrounding area.
- "George Inn". Archived from the original on 24 September 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
- "The George Inn". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk.
- Brandwood & Jephcote, Geoff & Jane (July 2008). London Heritage Pubs – An Inside Story. CAMRA (Campaign For Real Ale) Books. ISBN 978-1-85249-247-2.
- Matz, Bertram Waldrom (1918). The George Inn, Southwark. London: Chapman and Hall.
- Brown, Pete (2012). Shakespeare's Local. London: Pan Books.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The George Inn, Southwark.|