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|Location||77–82 Whitechapel High Street, London, England, United Kingdom|
|Visitors||490,000 (April 2009 – April 2010)|
|Public transit access||Aldgate East|
The Whitechapel Gallery is a public art gallery in Whitechapel on the north side of Whitechapel High Street, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. The original building, designed by Charles Harrison Townsend, opened in 1901 as one of the first publicly funded galleries for temporary exhibitions in London. The Whitechapel Gallery is the notable example of the Modern Style (British Art Nouveau style). In 2009 the gallery approximately doubled in size by incorporating the adjacent former Passmore Edwards library building. It exhibits the work of contemporary artists and organizes retrospective exhibitions and other art shows.
The gallery played an important part in the history of post-war British art. Several important exhibitions were held at the Whitechapel Gallery including This is Tomorrow in 1956, the first UK exhibition by Mark Rothko in 1961, and in 1964 The New Generation show which featured John Hoyland, Bridget Riley, David Hockney and Patrick Caulfield among others.
Initiated by members of the Independent Group, the exhibition brought Pop Art to the general public as well as introducing some of the artists, concepts, designers and photographers that would define the Swinging Sixties.
Throughout its history, the gallery had a series of open exhibitions that were a strong feature for the area's artist community, but by the early 1990s these open shows became less relevant as emerging artists moved to other areas.
In the late 1970s, the critical importance of the Whitechapel Gallery was displaced by newer venues such as the Hayward Gallery, then in the 1980s it enjoyed a resurgence under the Directorship of Nicholas Serota. The gallery had a major refurbishment in 1986; and in 2009 expanded into the former Passmore Edwards Library building next door. The expansion, which doubled the gallery's physical size and nearly tripled its available exhibition space, now allows the Whitechapel Gallery to remain open to the public all year round.
- 1908 – Muhammadan Art and Life in Turkey, Persia, Egypt, Morocco and India. Autumn Exhibition 23 October to 6 December. The opening day to the public was on 27th Ramadan. An advisory member was Syed Ameer Ali, who in 1910 was one of the main instigators of the London Mosque Fund, which went on to establish the nearby East London Mosque.
- 1956 – This is Tomorrow exhibit
- 1958 – American abstract expressionist Jackson Pollock
- 1961 – Mark Rothko. The installation of his work at the Whitechapel becomes his template for all subsequent shows
- 1961 - Recent Australian painting, Whitechapel Gallery, London (including John Olsen)
- 1964 – The New Generation – Painting – showcasing the work of John Hoyland, Patrick Caulfield, David Hockney, Paul Huxley, Alan Jones and Bridget Riley
- 1965 – The New Generation – Sculpture – showcasing the work of Philip King, David Annesley, Michael Bolus, Tim Scott, William Tucker, Isaac Witkin
- 1970 and 1971 – David Hockney retrospective, first major shows of Gilbert & George and Richard Long
- 1982 – Frida Kahlo
- 1986 Victor Willing, a retrospective exhibition
- 1993 – The Whitechapel Gallery showcases Lucian Freud
- 2001 and 2002 – Liam Gillick and Nan Goldin stage their first major solo shows in the UK
- 2008 – Cornelia Parker's film Chomskian Abstract, featuring Noam Chomsky
- 2009 – Retrospective of Isa Genzken's work and solo shows for Sophie Calle and Elizabeth Peyton
- 2010 – Survey of Alice Neel's portraits in Britain
- 19–20 January 2011 the gallery hosted the inaugural Northern Future Forum gathering of prime ministers.
- 2011 – First UK survey of German artist Thomas Struth, one of the photographers of the late 20th century
- 2012 – A comprehensive survey of Turner Prize winning British artist Gillian Wearing
- 2013 – The first major solo exhibition in London for YBA artist Sarah Lucas
- 2014 – Five decade survey of North American Richard Tuttle, which was presented in conjunction with a major installation in Tate Modern's Turbine Hall and solo show for Dada pioneer Hannah Höch
- 2015 – The first show in Britain on Arab Modernism "Imperfect Chronology: Arab Art from the Modern to the Contemporary", from the Barjeel Art Foundation collection
- 2016 – A new commission by feminist activism art group Guerrilla Girls and major retrospective of British artist Eduardo Paolozzi
- 2017 – A major retrospective of German artist Thomas Ruff and solo show for British artist Benedict Drew
- 2018 – A solo show for Mark Dion and the first major UK survey of artist duo Elmgreen & Dragset
Since 1923, the gallery has run a not-for-profit educational charity, and has pioneered artists' residencies in schools and other education innovations that have been adopted as models across the UK and internationally. The current education programme focuses on four main areas: schools and teachers; children and families; youth; and community.
Highlights include The NEON Curatorial Exchange which is delivered in partnership with NEON Organisation in Athens. It builds links between emerging curators in the UK and Greece, so that best practice can be shared and new ideas developed, with the aim of championing curatorial excellence. Since 2009 the gallery has invited a series of writers and artists to take up the position of Writer in Residence. The residency programme features discussions, performances and interventions, considering how writing is experienced through the lens of contemporary art.
In 2006 Whitechapel Gallery and MIT Press formed an editorial alliance to produce a new series of books entitled Documents of Contemporary Art.
The Whitechapel reopened in April 2009 after a two-year project, which approximately doubled the size of the Gallery by incorporating the adjacent former Passmore Edwards library building (vacated when Whitechapel Idea Store opened). The work cost approximately £13.5 million and was partly funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund. A full-size tapestry based on Pablo Picasso's Guernica, by Jacqueline de la Baume Dürrbach and loaned from the United Nations Art Collection, was included in the inaugural exhibition by Goshka Macuga. and Isa Genzken.
As part of the expansion, a new Archive Gallery, a reading room and an archive repository (where the Whitechapel's historic records are held) have been created to support the Whitechapel's standing as an educational charity. The archives catalogue the very conception of the gallery, as well as the complete directors' files of correspondence which reveal the reasons behind key decisions in the Gallery's history.
- Charles Aitken (1901–1911)
- Hugh Scrutton (1945–1952)
- Bryan Robertson (1952–1968)
- Mark Glazebrook (1969–1971)
- Jenny Stein (1972–1974)
- Jasia Reichardt (1974–1976)
- Nicholas Serota (1976–1988)
- Catherine Lampert (1988–2002)
- Iwona Blazwick (2002– )
- "Visit". Whitechapel Gallery. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
- Gijs van Hensbergen (2004). Guernica: The biography of a twentieth-century icon. Bloomsbury. pp. 82–96. ISBN 1582341249.
- "New Generation : 1964 » 3 Apr 1964 » The Spectator Archive". The Spectator Archive.
- "John Hoyland obituary". the Guardian. 1 August 2011.
- "John Hoyland | Artist | Royal Academy of Arts". www.royalacademy.org.uk.
- Juliff, Toby (2018). "A New Generation of British Art: A Problem of Provincialism". Sydney: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Art. p. 125-145.
- "This is Tomorrow".
- "John Hoyland 'The New Generation: 1964' by Bryan Robertson".
- Lambirth, Andrew (2009). John Hoyland: Scatter the Devils. Norwich: Unicorn Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-906509-07-1.
- "New generation sculpture – Art Term". Tate.
- Johnson, Paul (24 January 2011). "Reaching the summit". The British Ambassador to Sweden blogs on The Local. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
- Ayad, Myrna (5 November 2015). "Whitechapel Gallery in London Brings Modern Arab Art to the World (Published 2015)" – via NYTimes.com.
- "NEON". NEON. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
- "In praise of ... Guernica". The Guardian. 26 March 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
- "Art gallery extension completed". BBC News. 31 March 2009.
- "Iwona Blazwik on the Whitechapel. Interview by Oliver Basciano". ARTINFO. 4 June 2009.
- Yiakoumaki, Nayia. "The Whitechapel Opens its Archive", Apollo, 2009-03-01. 2009-05-28.
- "A miracle in the East End". The Telegraph.
- "Battles with my trustees » 24 Mar 2001 » The Spectator Archive". The Spectator Archive.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Whitechapel Gallery.|
- Official website
- Greg Whitfield, Review of Janet Cardiff, George Bures Miller and Philip DiCorcia show at Whitechapel Art Gallery (June–August 2003), 3:am Magazine. Includes a good photograph of the Gallery interior.
- Prince William opens Whitechapel Gallery Prince of Wales Website
- Alice Neel: Painted Truths Exhibition 2010, Exhibition Review
- Isa Genzken, first exhibition in newly expanded Gallery Isa Genzken: Open Sesame
- Sophie Calle review Guardian Article
- Interview with Iwona Blaswick Times Online