|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2006)|
Cover of first edition (hardcover)
|Media type||Print (Hardcover and paperback)|
|Award||Locus Award for Best Science Fiction Novel (1986)|
|LC Class||PS3552.R4825 P6 1985|
The Postman is a post-apocalyptic science fiction novel by David Brin. In it, a drifter stumbles across a letter carrier uniform of the United States Postal Service and, with empty promises of aid from the "Restored United States of America", gives hope to an Oregon threatened by warlords.
The first two parts were published separately as "The Postman" (1982) and "Cyclops" (1984). Both were nominated for a Hugo Award for Best Novella. The completed novel won (first prize) the John W. Campbell Memorial Award for Best Science Fiction Novel and the Locus Award for Best Science Fiction Novel, both for 1986. It was also nominated for the Hugo Award for Best Novel and Nebula Award for Best Novel for 1986. In 1997, a film adaptation starring Kevin Costner was adapted from the novel.
Despite the post-apocalyptic scenario and several action sequences, the book is largely about civilization and symbols. Each of the three sections deals with a different symbol.
The first is the Postman himself, Gordon Krantz, who takes the uniform solely for warmth after he loses everything but his sleeping clothes. He wanders without establishing himself anywhere and performs scenes from William Shakespeare plays for supplies. Originally a student at the University of Minnesota, he has traveled west to Oregon in the aftermath of the worldwide chaos that resulted from several EMPs, the destruction of major cities, and the release of bioweapons. Taking shelter in a long-abandoned postal van, he finds a sack of mail and takes it to a nearby community to barter for food and shelter. His initial assertions to be a real postman builds, not because of a deliberate fraud (at least initially), but because people are desperate to believe in him and the Restored United States.
Later, in the second section, he encounters a community, Corvallis, Oregon, which is led by Cyclops, who is apparently a sentient artificial intelligence created at Oregon State University which miraculously survived the cataclysm. In reality, however, the machine ceased functioning during a battle, and a group of scientists merely maintain the pretense of its working to try and keep hope, order, and knowledge alive.
Eventually, in the third section, as the Postman joins forces with Cyclops' scientists in a war against an influx of "hypersurvivalist militia", the Postman begins to find that the hypersurvivalists are being pressed from Oregon's Rogue River area to the south as well. The hypersurvivalists are more commonly referred to as Holnists, after their founder, Nathan Holn (many times through the book, curses are uttered that damn Holn for his actions). Nathan Holn was an author who championed a virulently violent, misogynistic, and hypersurvivalist society. Holn himself is said to have been executed sometime before the events in the novel, but in the time following what should have been a brief period of civil disorder, Holn's followers prevented the United States from recovering from the war and the plagues that followed.
As the story comes to a climax, the Postman allies with a tough tribal group made up of descendents of ranchers, loggers and Native Americans from SW Oregon's Umpqua Valley region who are led by a Native American who was a former special forces veteran. The Umpqua people have developed a warrior culture very similar to Native Americans of the old West and are bitter enemies of the Holnists; they have defeated the Holnists at every turn but until the Postman's arrival, they were not inclined to help the "weak" townsfolk of the Willamette Valley against the Holnists. At the end of the novel the Postman discovers the Holnists have another organized enemy to the South. The Holnists' southern enemy is a bit of a mystery, and the Postman is only able to identify this Holnist enemy by the symbol they rally behind: the Bear Flag. The final scenes of the novel give the impression that the groups (symbols) may come together in an effort to revive civilization.
Another message of the plot deals with the backstory of the post-apocalyptic world: specifically, that it was not the electronics-destroying EMPs, nor the destruction of major cities, nor the release of various bio-engineered plagues that actually destroyed society, but rather, it was the Holnists themselves, who preyed on humanitarian workers and other symbols of civilization.
- Bulgarian: Пощальонът ("The Postman"), 1998
- Czech: Pošťák ("The Postman"), 1998
- Dutch: Tussen Twee Werelden ("Between Two Worlds"), 1998
- French: Le facteur ("The Postman"), 1987
- German: Gordons Berufung ("Gordon's Vocation"), 1989
- Hungarian: A jövő hírnöke ("The Messenger of the Future"), 1998
- Italian: L'uomo del giorno dopo ("The Man of the Day After"), 1997
- Japanese: ポストマン ("The Postman"), 1988, 1998
- Russian: Почтальон ("The Postman"), 1992, 1995, 1998, 2002, 2004
- Spanish: El Cartero ("The Postman"), 1998, 2008
- Turkish: Postacı ("The Postman"), 1998
- Romanian: Poștașul ("The Postman"), 2013
- "1986 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
- The Postman title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- The Postman: The Movie, An Impression by the Author of the Original Novel by David Brin
- The Postman at Worlds Without End