|Founded||July 27, 1794|
|Dissolved||November 10, 1799|
|Split from||The Mountain|
|Headquarters||Hôtel de Noailles, Paris|
|Political position||Centre right|
|Politics of France
The group was named for the Thermidorian Reaction in 1794, when its members, led by Paul Barras, Jean-Lambert Tallien and Joseph Fouché, formed a coup d'état against Robespierre and Saint-Just, that were executed with their supporters, the 27 July 1794. The after days, the Thermidorians took over the majority in the National Convention, and in the 1795 a new constitution was expressed, with the National Convention that was desestablished for the creation of the French Directory. The Thermidorians became a republican and bourgeoise group, and like the new constitution, also conservative on social themes and liberal on economic themes.
After the election of 1795, the Thermidorians obtained the majority in the Council of Five Hundred, the new lower house. In Paris, the group created a headquarters in the Hôtel de Noailles, and Paul Barras became its leader, but also the ruler of the France until 1799, when the coup of 18 Brumaire by Napoleon Bonaparte removed the Barras' Directory for create a Consulate, with Napoleon as First Consul. After the Coup, the various parliamentary forces, including the Thermidorians, were disestablisheds.
|Council of Five Hundred|
|Election year||# of
| % of
overall seats won