Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Henry King|
|Produced by||Henry King|
|Based on||"Tol'able David" (1917)|
by Joseph Hergesheimer
|Edited by||W. Duncan Mansfield|
|Distributed by||Associated First National|
|Language||Silent (English intertitles)|
Tol'able David is a 1921 American silent film based on the 1917 Joseph Hergesheimer short story of the same name. It was adapted to the screen by Edmund Goulding and directed by Henry King for Inspiration Pictures. A rustic tale of violence set in the Allegheny Mountains of eastern West Virginia, it was filmed in Blue Grass, Virginia, with some locals featured in minor roles.
A major box office success, the acclaimed film was voted the 1921 Photoplay Magazine Medal of Honor and is seen by critics and film historians as one of the classics of silent film. It was selected in 2007 for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress; films selected are judged to be "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
David Kinemon, youngest son of West Virginia tenant farmers, longs to be treated like a man by his family and neighbors, especially Esther Hatburn, the pretty girl who lives with her grandfather on a nearby farm. However, he is continually reminded that he is still a boy, "tol'able" enough, but no man.
David eventually gets a chance to prove himself when outlaw Iscah Hatburn and his sons Luke and "Little Buzzard", distant cousins of the Kinemon's Hatburn neighbors, move into the Hatburn farm, against the will of Esther and her grandfather. Esther initially tells David not to interfere, saying he is no match for her cousins. Later, the cousins kill David's pet dog and cripple his older brother while the latter is delivering mail and taking passengers to town in his hack. Out of a sense of honor, David's father intends to visit vigilante justice on the Hatburn cousins rather than rely on the local sheriff, but is prevented by an abrupt and fatal heart attack. David is determined to go after the Hatburns in his father's place, but his mother pleads with him, arguing that he will surely die and that with his father dead and brother crippled, the household, including his brother's wife and infant son, depends on him.
The now fatherless Kinemon family is turned out of the farm and are forced to move into a small house in town. David asks for his brother's old job of driving the hack, but is told he is too young. However, he does find work at the general store tugh. Later, when the hack's regular driver is fired for drunkenness, David finally has a chance to drive the hack. He loses the mailbag near the Hatburn farm, where it is found by Luke. David goes to the Hatburn farm to demand the mailbag. He is refused and gets into an argument with the cousins, during which he is shot in the arm. David then shoots Iscah and the younger son and later, after a prolonged fight with the older brother (meant to recall the story of David and Goliath), emerges victorious. Esther flees for help and makes it to the village, telling that David has been killed. As a crowd prepares to go look for David, he arrives in the hack with the bag of mail, badly injured, and collapses. It is clear to all that David, no longer merely "tol'able", is a real man and a hero.
- Richard Barthelmess as David Kinemon
- Gladys Hulette as Esther Hatburn
- Walter P. Lewis as Iscah Hatburn
- Ernest Torrence as Luke Hatburn
- Ralph Yearsley as Saul "Little Buzzard" Hatburn
- Forrest Robinson as Grandpa Hatburn
- Laurence Eddinger as Sen. John Gault
- Marion Abbott as Mother Kinemon
- Edmund Gurney as Father Hunter Kinemon
- Warner Richmond as Allen Kinemon
- Patterson Dial as Rose Kinemon
- Henry Hallam as The Doctor
Director King had been born and raised not far away in rural western Virginia and took immense pleasure in scouting locations in preparation for the film.
Joseph Hergesheimer's short story had been optioned by D.W. Griffith who intended Barthelmess as the star of a film version, but when Barthelmess and King formed Inspiration Pictures, Griffith traded them the rights for other properties.
Released in December 1921, Tol'able David was both a commercial and critical success. Carl Sandburg, reviewing the picture for the Chicago Daily News, repeatedly referred to it as a masterpiece. In Life, Robert E. Sherwood wrote, "It is the first motion picture to achieve real greatness without placing any reliance on spectacular effect."
Trade-related publications widely recommended it. In Photoplay it was called a masterpiece again and "one of the few film tragedies of uncompromising power". Variety said of Barthelmess' performance that it came "close to being the best effort he has ever made". The review in Motion Picture News gave the opinion that there would be "few who will not feel the power of it". The Exhibitors Herald found it "a superb piece of cinema craftsmanship" and "excellent throughout".
In a 1924 interview for Photoplay, Mary Pickford named it among her favorite films, saying, "When I first saw this picture I felt I was not looking at a photoplay but was really witnessing the tragedy of a family I had known all my life." It influenced Russian director V.I. Pudovkin who used it as an exemplar in his writing.
In his 2008 book "Have You Seen...?": A Personal Introduction to 1,000 Films, film critic David Thomson assesses Tol'able David as "...one of the most spectacular and heartfelt identifications with countryside ever managed onscreen". The cinematography "delivered countless views of country life as a version of heaven", while '"the fight is grand, prolonged, and not one to bet on". He finds its influence "in just about every [subsequent] film where revenge has rectitude" — mentioning, especially, High Noon and Straw Dogs.
- The Kid Brother (1927), Harold Lloyd's highly regarded comedy, had a similar plot and featured Tol'able David actor Ralph Yearsley. The Kid Brother was a reworking of The White Sheep (1924), which also loosely adapted aspects of Tol'able David.
- A less successful 1930 sound remake with Richard Cromwell in the title role was directed by John G. Blystone for Columbia.
In popular culture
- A portion of the third act of the 1959 horror film The Tingler takes place in a specialty theater during a showing of Tol'able David.
- "Tol'able David". Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
- Ausführliches Essay zum Film
- Gottesman, Ronald; Geduld, Harry M. (1972). Guidebook to Film: An Eleven-in-one Reference. Ardent Media. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-03-085292-3.
- "Hooray for Hollywood". Library of Congress Information Bulletin. 67 (1–2). January–February 2008. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
- Thomson, David (2008), "Have You Seen...?": A Personal Introduction to 1,000 Films; New York: Alfred A. Knopf, pg 903.
- Thomson, Op. cit., pg 903.
- Sandburg, Carl (2000). Arnie Bernstein, ed. The Movies are: Carl Sandburg's Film Reviews and Essays, 1920–1928. Lake Claremont Press. pp. 101–103. ISBN 978-1-893121-05-8.
- Sherwood, Robert E. (February 2, 1922). "Tol'able David". The Silent Drama. Life. 79 (2048): 22.
- "Tol'able David". The Shadow Stage. Photoplay. XXI (3): 64. February 1922. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- Silverman, Sid (as "Skig.") (January 6, 1922). "Tol'able David". Pictures. Variety. XLV (7): 42.
- "Tol'able David". Motion Picture News. XXIV (25): 3100. December 10, 1921.
- "Tol'able David". Exhibitors Herald. XIII (22): 49. November 26, 1921.
- Howe, Herbert (January 1924). "Mary Pickford's Favorite Stars and Films". Photoplay. XXV (2): 29. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- Pudovkin, V. I. (2013) [1929; 1933]. Film Technique and Film Acting – The Cinema Writings of V.I. Pudovkin. Read Books Limited. ISBN 978-1-4465-4735-9.
- Thomson, Op. cit., pg 903.
- Ward, Richard Lewis (1995). A History of the Hal Roach Studios. SIU Press. p. 198. ISBN 978-0-8093-8806-6.
- MacCann, Richard Dyer (1996). Films of the 1920s. Scarecrow Press. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-8108-3256-5.
- Fritzi Kramer (11 February 2013). "Tol'able David (1921) A Silent Film Review". MoviesSilently. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
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