Tonkean macaque

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Tonkean black macaque[1]
Macaca tonkeana groupe.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Macaca
Species: M. tonkeana
Binomial name
Macaca tonkeana
(Meyer, 1899)
Tonkean Macaque area.png
Tonkean Macaque range
(also found on the nearby Togian Islands, not marked on this map)

The Tonkean black macaque or Tonkean macaque (Macaca tonkeana) is a species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae. It is endemic to central Sulawesi and the nearby Togian Islands in Indonesia.[1] It is threatened by habitat loss.[2] Widespread mining in central Sulawesi and in the nearby province of Gorontalo are believed to exacerbating the problems of habitat loss.[3][4]


  1. ^ a b Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 165. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ a b Supriatna, J. & Richardson, M. (2008). "Macaca tonkeana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 4 January 2009. 
  3. ^ Syamsul Huda M.Suhari and Ruslan Sangadji, 'Mining, deforestation threaten endemic black macaque', The Jakarta Post, 11 February 2014.
  4. ^ "Types of Possums found in Australia".  Thursday, 23 March 2017

External links[edit]