Capped langur

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Capped langur
'tenebricus' Capped Langur from Manas.jpg
Capped Langur in Manas National Park
CITES Appendix I (CITES)[2]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Trachypithecus
Species:
T. pileatus[1]
Binomial name
Trachypithecus pileatus[1]
(Blyth, 1843)
Capped Langur area.png
Capped langur range

The capped langur (Trachypithecus pileatus) is a species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae. It is native to Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, and Myanmar. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.[2] They are arboreal and gregarious by nature. A herd of capped langur consists of 2 to 14 langurs led by a brawny male langur. They are herbivorous, ingesting leaves, twigs, buds and fruits.

Taxonomy[edit]

There are four recognized subspecies:[1]

  • Trachypithecus pileatus pileatus
  • Trachypithecus pileatus durga
  • Trachypithecus pileatus brahma
  • Trachypithecus pileatus tenebricus

Behaviour and ecology[edit]

A study of their diet in winter found that they spend nearly 40% of the day time feeding on leaves, flowers and fruits. Leaves contributed nearly 60% of the diet and they foraged on as many as 43 different plant species.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Groves, C. P. (2005). "Species Trachypithecus pileatus". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 177. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ a b c Das, J.; Chetry, D.; Choudhury, A. & Bleisch, W. (2020). "Trachypithecus pileatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T22041A196580469. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T22041A196580469.en. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  3. ^ Solanki, G.S.; Kumar, A & Sharma, B.K. (2008). "Winter food selection and diet composition of capped langur (Trachypithecus pileatus) in Arunachal Pradesh, India". Tropical Ecology. 49 (2): 157–166.