Transport in Nicaragua

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Transport in Nicaragua revolves around road, air and water transport modalities.

Road transport[edit]

The road infrastructure is very well spread across the Pacific side, while the Atlantic side has less infrastructure. As of 2009, from a total of 19,137 km 2,033 km are paved and 17,104 km are unpaved[1].

Public transport[edit]

Public transport in Nicaragua is mostly served by buses on both short and wide range distances. There are five different types, based on the size of the vehicle, target group, frequency of stops and distance.[2]

Urban buses[edit]

Former school bus at Ferrecalle in Estelí, Nicaragua, used as urban bus on the line from Hospital to Oscar Gamez.
Former school bus at Hospital in Estelí, Nicaragua, used as urban bus on the line from Hospital to Villa Cuba.

Urban buses (Urbanos) can be found in Managua, León, Chinandega, Matagalpa and Bluefields. In most cases, passengers have to pay for each ride on a bus, with the need to pay again on switching to another. The costs differ from 2.50 C$ in Managua to 10 C$ in Bluefields.[2]

An urban bus in Nicaragua takes the same road multiple times per day, following a more or less strict schedule. The organization of the buses in different towns differs heavily as every town is organizing it on their own behave.[2]


Ruteado at COTRAN Sur, Estelí, Nicaragua

Connecting two or more cities, Ruteados (also called Servicio Ordinario) are the biggest part of bus services in Nicaragua.[2]

Express buses[edit]

Express bus in Nicaragua

Express buses (Expresos) connect, like Ruteados and Interlocales, two or more cities, but with less stops, resulting in a faster travel time.[2]


Interlocal at COTRAN Norte, Estelí, Nicaragua

Interlocales also connect two or more cities, like Ruteados and express buses, with the main difference that they departure from the bus station once they are filled either mostly or completely with passengers. Like express buses, they nearly don't stop between start and destination.[2]

Air transport[edit]

Several airports are serving both national and international flights.


As of 2013, 147 airports exist in Nicaragua[1]. Nicaragua's main international airport is Managua International Airport.

Airports - with paved runways[edit]

In total, there are 12 airports with paved runways with the following lengths[1]:

  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 3
  • under 914 m: 4

Airports - with unpaved runways[edit]

In total, there are 135 airports with unpaved runways with the following lengths[1]:

  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 15
  • under 914 m: 119

Water transport[edit]

Nicaragua offers 2,220 km of water transport roads, including the two large lakes Lake Nicaragua and Lake Managua. A Nicaragua Canal was planned but canceled on 21st of February 2018[3][4][5].

Ports and harbors[edit]

Atlantic Ocean (Caribbean)[edit]

Pacific Ocean[edit]


Rail transport[edit]

Since September 2001, all rail transport has been suspended in Nicaragua.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Nicaragua - The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. CIA. Retrieved 2013.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gütschow, Mikolai-Alexander (July 7, 2018). "Gestern und heute: Öffentlicher Verkehr in Nicaragua". Nico Alt. Retrieved July 11, 2018. 
  3. ^ "Incertidumbres financieras desvanecen sueño de canal en Nicaragua". El Financiero. AFP. February 21, 2018. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  4. ^ Gautier, Charles (February 21, 2018). "Le projet de canal du Nicaragua prend l'eau". Le Figaro. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
  5. ^ Cropsey, Seth (April 9, 2018). "China Sets Its Sights on South America". The American Interest. Retrieved April 9, 2018. China has abandoned its attempts to construct a Nicaraguan Canal to compete with its Panamanian counterpart. 

External links[edit]