Trolleybuses in Neuchâtel
Hess Swisstrolley in Neuchâtel, 2010.
|Open||16 February 1940|
|Operator(s)||Transports en commun de Neuchâtel et environs|
|Electrification||600 V DC|
|Route length||25.7 km|
|Passengers (current)||10.6 million/year|
|Website||Transports en commun de Neuchâtel et environs (TN) (in French)|
The Neuchâtel trolleybus system (French: Réseau de trolleybus de Neuchâtel) is part of the public transport network in Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Opened in 1940, it gradually replaced the urban lines of the Neuchâtel tramway network.
The system currently also serves the neighbouring municipalities of Auvernier, Peseux, Corcelles-Cormondrèche, Hauterive, Saint-Blaise and La Tène. It is operated by Transports en commun de Neuchâtel et environs (TN), which also runs an interurban tramway to Boudry and various conventional bus lines.
|101||Cormondrèche–Place Pury–Marin-Epagnier Gare||7.5 minute intervals||12.9 km |
|102||Temple des Valangines–Serrières||10-minute intervals||4.7 km|
|107||Place Pury–Hauterive (–Marin-Epagnier Gare)||7.5 minute intervals||8.1 km|
The individual sections of trolleybus line in Neuchâtel went into service as follows:
|Section (or route)||Notes|
|2||16 February 1940||Place Pury – Serrières||Was extended by about 300 m in Serrières in May 1975. Absorbed by route 1 in 1985|
|8||21 May 1949||Place Pury – Temple des Valangines|
|4||1 July 1949||Place Pury – Vauseyon – Valangin (–Cernier)||Including interurban section to Cernier, operated jointly by TN and the Val-de-Ruz company|
|1||1 July 1957||Place Pury – Monruz||First stage of replacement of tram route 1; motorbuses temporarily used beyond Monruz|
|1||29 August 1957||Monruz – Saint-Blaise||Completion of replacement of tram route 1, becoming Place Pury – St. Blaise. Through-routed with route 2 to Serrières|
|6||20 August 1964||Place Pury – Gare CFF||Replacement of tram route 6|
|7||20 August 1964||Place Pury – La Coudre||Replacement of tram route 7|
|7||15 February 1969||La Coudre – Hauterive||Extension of about 1 km|
|3||c. 30 August 1976||Place Pury – Corcelles-Collège||First stage of replacement of tram route 3|
|3||c. November 1976||Corcelles-Collège – Cormondrèche||Extension of about 300 metres|
|1||9 October 1978||Saint-Blaise – Marin-Epagnier Gare||Extension|
Note: Opening dates above indicate the start of trolleybus service, where known. In cases of new trolleybus routes converted from tram lines, trams were replaced by a temporary motorbus service while the overhead wiring was modified, and thus the first day of trolleybus service did not immediately follow the last day of tram service.
Opened in 1949, route 4 included interurban trolleybus service to Cernier, in the Val-de-Ruz, replacing a tramway as far as Valangin and motorbus service of the Val-de-Ruz transport company (VR) between there and Cernier. Service was jointly operated by TN and by VR, which operated the Val-de-Ruz trolleybus system (opened in 1948), with TN trolleybuses reaching Cernier and VR trolleybuses reaching Place Pury in Neuchâtel. However, most journeys on TN route 4 operated only between Neuchâtel and Valangin. Trolleybus route 4 and VR's Valangin–Cernier section both closed on 2 November 1969, and that was the final day of trolleybus service between the Val-de-Ruz and Neuchâtel.
Routes 1 (city centre – St. Blaise) and 2 (city centre - Serrières) were through-routed for many years, from the opening of route 1 in 1957 until 1981, with trolleybuses displaying route number "1" when bound for St. Blaise and "2" when bound for Serrières. They were separated in 1981, but re-connected in 1985, and the full route became route 1 at the latter date, with route "2" ceasing to exist.
On 8 July 1991, route 1 replaced route 3, making route 1 Cormondrèche–Place Pury–St. Blaise–Marin, and the Place Pury to Serrières section was taken over by route 7. On 29 May 1994, route 7 reverted to operating Place Pury–Hauterive, and the designation route "2" was revived for the Place Pury–Serrières section. At the opposite end of route 7, the trolleybus wires were extended from Hauterive to Marin, for access to a new depot opening there in September 1994, and starting on 3 October 1994 three route 7 trips per day operated through to or from Marin. In June 1996, route 7 began serving Marin at all times and days except evenings and Sundays, but with half of its scheduled non-rush-hours trips still terminating at Hauterive.
|16||NAW / Hess||ABB||BGT 5-25||High-floor||1991|
The type BGT 5-25 fleet originally comprised 21 vehicles, but fleet nos. 103, 104, 106, 110 and 111 have since been replaced by low-floor vehicles. As there were no low-floor trolleybuses in the fleet prior to the delivery of the BGT-N2C type Swisstrolleys, lines 1 and 7 were operated between 2004 and 2010 by a mixed fleet of trolleybuses and low-floor diesel buses. Under that arrangement, the travelling public was offered at least some barrier-free trips – which were identified in the timetable.
- "Ligne 1 Neuchâtel - St-Blaise". ANAT website. Association Neuchâteloise des Amis du Tramway (ANAT). Retrieved 3 January 2012.
- "Ligne 2 Neuchâtel - Serrières". ANAT website. ANAT. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
- "Ligne 7 Place Pury - La Coudre". ANAT website. ANAT. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
- Hill, Ian H. (July–August 1986). "The Trolleybuses of Neuchâtel: Part 1". Trolleybus Magazine No. 148, pp. 74–85. National Trolleybus Association (UK). ISSN 0266-7452.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 239 (September–October 2001), p. 120. National Trolleybus Association (UK). ISSN 0266-7452.
- Hill, Ian H. (November–December 1986). "The Trolleybuses of Neuchâtel: Part 3". Trolleybus Magazine No. 150, pp. 129–134.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 180 (November–December 1991), pp. 129, 149.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 199 (January–February 1995), p. 27.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 209 (September–October 1996), p. 127.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 187 (January–February 1993), p. 25.
- Schwandl, Robert (2010). Schwandl's Tram Atlas Schweiz & Österreich. Berlin: Robert Schwandl Verlag. ISBN 978 3 936573 27 5. (in German) (in English)
Media related to Trolleybuses in Neuchâtel at Wikimedia Commons
- Association Neuchâteloise des Amis du Tramway (Neuchâtel Association of Friends of the Tramway) – official site (in French)
- "Trolleybus city: Neuchâtel (Schweiz)". Trolleymotion.
- Neuchâtel database / photo gallery and Neuchâtel trolleybus list at Urban Electric Transit – in various languages, including English.